|Priest and Martyr|
|Born||17 August 1556|
|Died||1 December 1581 (aged 25)|
Tyburn, London, England
|Venerated in||Catholic Church|
|Beatified||15 December 1921, Rome by Pope Pius XI|
|Canonized||1970, Rome by Pope Paul VI|
He was born in Somerset, and entered Hart Hall, Oxford (now Hertford College), at an early age. While there, he became a pupil of Robert Parsons and he completed his studies with him at Balliol College, which, along with his association with Richard Holtby, led to his conversion. After leaving university, he entered the English College at Reims then went to the English College, Douai, and was ordained priest on 29 March 1578. Assigned to the English mission in August of the following year, he laboured with zeal in his own county of Somerset.
A party of the persecution, searching for Parsons, placed Alexander Briant under arrest on 28 April 1581. Arrested along with Briant was Gilbert Bodey, brother of John Bodey. Gilbert Bodey was scourged at Bridewell and afterwards confined to Counter Prison. He was released on bond, and when not called to appear, escaped to Rheims.
In the hope of extorting information, Briant was sent to the Counter. After fruitless attempts to this end, he was taken to the Tower of London where he was subjected to torture. It was during this confinement that Briant penned his letter to the Jesuit Fathers in England requesting admission into the Society, which was granted. He was arraigned with six other priests on 16 November 1581, in Queen's Bench, Westminster, on the charge of high treason, and condemned to death. In his letter to the Jesuit Fathers he says that he felt no pain during the various tortures he underwent, and adds: "Whether this that I say be miraculous or no, God knoweth." He was twenty-five years old when he was executed by being hanged, drawn and quartered on 1 December 1581. Through either malice or carelessness of the executioner he was put to needless suffering. Edmund Campion and Ralph Sherwin were also executed with him.
Alexander Briant was declared venerable on 8 December 1921 by Pope Pius XI and beatified one week later on 15 December. Alexander Briant was canonized nearly forty-nine years later in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales with a common feast day of 25 October. His individual feast day is celebrated on 1 December, the day of his martyrdom.
- "Book of Martyrs," New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1948
- “Blessed Alexander Briant”. New Catholic Dictionary. CatholicSaints.Info. 27 July 2012. Web. 2 February 2019
- Saxton, Eugene. "Blessed Alexander Briant." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 1 February 2019
- Pollen, John Hungerford. "Venerable John Slade and Venerable John Bodey", Acts of English Martyrs Hitherto Unpublished, Burns and Oates, 1891, p. 54 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
- Monks of Ramsgate. “Alexander Briant”. Book of Saints, 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 24 May 2012
- Mullett, Michael. "Briant, Alexander". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3378. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Patron Saints Index: "Saint Alexander Briant"
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Blessed Alexander Briant". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
Media files used on this page
An icon of a blurred halo, or gloriole, suitable for marking a saint.
Monochrome version of the IHS emblem of the Jesuits.
The design of the emblem is attributed to Ignatius of Loyola (1541).
- the cross is here drawn as formy fitchy; this is not necessarily part of the design, early modern depictions sometimes show a plain cross, or various baroque ornamentations
- the three nails are sometimes shown as piercing a heart
- the alternating straight and wavy rays are found in historical specimens, but not necessarily, and sometimes with two or three straight rays separating wavy rays.
- the number of rays is often 32 as here, but sometimes also 12, 16 or 24.
- the emblem is sometimes surrounded by the inscription et vocatum est nomen eius Iesus (Luke 2:21)