Albert P. Crary

Albert P. Crary
Albert Paddock Crary in 1959.jpg
Albert Paddock Crary in 1959
Chief Scientist for the United States Antarctic Research Program
In office
1960–1968
Personal details
Born
Albert Paddock Crary

(1911-07-25)July 25, 1911
Pierrepont, New York, United States
DiedOctober 29, 1987(1987-10-29) (aged 76)
Washington, D.C., United States
Resting placePierrepont Hill Cemetery, Pierrepont, New York
Spouse(s)Mildred R. Rodgers
ChildrenFrank J. Crary III
Parent(s)Frank J. Crary and Ella Paddock Crary
RelativesOringe Smith Crary (great-great-great-uncle)
Scott Crary (cousin)
EducationSt. Lawrence University
Lehigh University
Known forPolar exploration

Albert Paddock Crary (July 25, 1911 – October 29, 1987), was a pioneer polar geophysicist and glaciologist.[1] He was the first person to have set foot on both the North and South Poles, having made it to the North Pole on May 3, 1952 (with Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict) and then to the South Pole on February 12, 1961, as the leader of a team of eight.[2] The South Pole expedition set out from McMurdo Station on December 10, 1960, using three Snowcats with trailers. Crary was the seventh expedition leader to arrive at the South Pole by surface transportation (the six others before him were—in sequence—Amundsen, Scott, Hillary, Fuchs, a Russian expedition in 1959/60 from Vostok base, and Antero Havola).[3] He was widely admired for his intellect, wit, skills and as a great administrator for polar research expeditions.[4]

Biography

Crary was born in 1911 into a farming family in northern New York State. He was the second oldest in a family of 7 children. He was a physics major and geology student at St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York. He graduated in 1931 Phi Beta Kappa from St. Lawrence University and then enrolled at Lehigh University to obtain a master's degree in physics. After spending years completing and facilitating research at both poles, Crary eventually settled in Bethesda, Maryland, with his wife and son.[1]

His awards included the Cullum Geographical Medal (1959), the Patron's Gold Medal (1963), and the Vega Medal (1972).[1]

He died on October 29, 1987, at the George Washington University Hospital in Washington, D.C.[1]

Legacy

In 1991, the National Science Foundation (NSF), which manages the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), honoured his memory by dedicating a state-of-the-art laboratory complex in his name, the Albert P. Crary Science and Engineering Center (CSEC) located in McMurdo Station. He was also honored by having the Crary Mountains (76 degrees 48' S, 117 degrees 40' W) and the Crary Ice Rise in Antarctica named for him as well.[5]

Contributions

Dr. Crary contributed in a variety of important ways to his field including:

Crary and his team at the North Pole in 1952
  • Chief Scientist for Arctic T3, Fletcher's Ice Island, 1952–1955
  • Established the United States Geological Headquarters for the International Geophysical Year, 1955
  • Deputy Leader of United States science during the International Geophysical Year, 1957
  • Leader of the U.S. seismic traverse of Ross Ice Shelf, 1957–58
  • Leader, geophysical traverse W from Little America V, up Skelton Glacier to the Victoria Land plateau and W along the 78 parallel to c. 13130E, 1958–59
  • Leader, geophysical traverse from McMurdo Station via Skelton Glacier to the South Pole, 1960–61
  • Chief Scientist, United States Antarctic Research Program, 1960–1968
  • Deputy then Director, Division of Environmental Sciences, National Science Foundation, 1969–1978
  • Member of ACAN, 1961-76 (Chairman, 1974–76)

He worked with many notable scientists and famous institutions:

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ a b c d Hudson, Edward (31 October 1987). "Albert Crary, Geophysicist, Dies. An Explorer of Both Polar Regions". The New York Times.
  2. ^ de Q. Robin, Gordon (November 1987). "Obituary". Cambridge Journals.
  3. ^ Brown, Michelle (28 November 2011). "Welcome to Crary". PolarTREC Journal. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  4. ^ Staff (January 1989). "Albert Paddock Crary" (PDF). Arctic Institute of North America – University of Calgary.
  5. ^ Bentley, Charles (1988). "Albert P. Crary" (PDF). Journal of Glaciology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24.

Media files used on this page

Albert Paddock Crary in 1959.jpg
Albert Paddock Crary (1911-1987)

date: 1959

location: Antarctica

Geophysicist Albert Paddock Crary (1911-1987) was Deputy Chief Scientist of the U.S. International Geophysical Year (IGY) Antarctic Program, and Scientific Station Leader at Little America.

Acc. 90-105 - Science Service, Records, 1920s-1970s, Smithsonian Institution Archives

[personal and educational use permitted]
Dr. Albert Paddock Crary with team at the North Pole.jpg
The first landing of an airplane on an ice floe at the North Pole, 3 May 1952 -- Albert Crary, chief scientist, is fourth from left. (Photo credit: National Air and Space Museum/U.S. Air Force [NASM/USAF photo].)

photo on file with National Science Foundation

[all academic or educational uses of photo permitted]