Airbus Defence and Space

Airbus Defence and Space
TypeOperating division
Industry
PredecessorAirbus Military
Astrium
Cassidian
FoundedJanuary 2014
Headquarters
Taufkirchen, Bavaria
,
Number of locations
35 countries
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Michael Schoellhorn (CEO)[1]
ProductsEarth observation, navigation and communication satellites, Interplanetary probes, Military aircraft, Satellite launch vehicles
ServicesCyber security, Military intelligence, One Atlas
RevenueDecrease €10.8 billion[2] (FY 2017)
 (FY 2017)
 (FY 2017)
Total assetsIncrease €111.13 billion[3] (FY 2016)
Number of employees
40,000[4]
ParentAirbus
SubsidiariesCRISA, Spot Image, Tesat-Spacecom, and Jena-Optronik

Airbus Defence and Space is a division of Airbus responsible for defence and aerospace products and services. The division was formed in January 2014 during the corporate restructuring of European Aeronautic Defence and Space (EADS), and comprises the former Airbus Military, Astrium, and Cassidian divisions.[5] It is the world's second-largest space company after Boeing and one of the top ten defence companies in the world.[6]

Airbus Defence and Space has its corporate headquarters in Ottobrunn, Germany and is led by chief executive officer Michael Schoellhorn.[1] The company has four programme lines: Military Aircraft (led by Alberto Gutiérrez), Space Systems (led by Jean-Marc Nasr), Communication-Intelligence-Security (led by Evert Dudok), and Unmanned Aerial Systems (led by Jana Rosenmann). With its presence in 35 countries, the company employs 40,000 people from 86 nationalities[7] and contributes to 21% of Airbus revenues.[8]

History

Formation of EADS and expansion (1997–2008)

As early as 1995 the German aerospace and defence company DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (DASA) and its British counterpart British Aerospace were said to be eager to create a transnational aerospace and defence company.[9] The two companies envisaged including the French company Aérospatiale, the other major European aerospace company, but only after its privatisation.[10] The first stage of this integration was seen as the transformation of Airbus from a consortium of British Aerospace, DASA, Aérospatiale and Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA into an integrated company. However, the merger faltered, and British Aerospace abandoned the DASA merger in favour of purchasing its British rival, Marconi Electronic Systems, the electronics division of General Electric Company. The merger of British Aerospace and MES to form BAE Systems was announced on 19 January 1999 and completed on 30 November.[11][12]

DASA and the Spanish aircraft company CASA agreed to merge on 11 June 1999.[13] On 14 October 1999 DASA agreed to merge with Aérospatiale-Matra to create the European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company.[14] 10 July 2000 was "Day One" for the new company which became the world's second-largest aerospace company after Boeing and the second-largest European arms manufacturer after BAE Systems.[15] In January 2001 Airbus Industrie was transformed from an inherently inefficient consortium structure to a formal joint stock company, with legal and tax procedures being finalised on 11 July.[16][17]

On 16 June 2003 EADS acquired BAE's 25 % share in Astrium, the satellite and space system manufacturer, to become the sole owner. EADS paid £84 million, however due to the lossmaking status of the company BAE invested an equal amount for "restructuring".[18] It was subsequently renamed EADS Astrium, and had the divisions Astrium Satellites, Astrium Space Transportation and Astrium Services.

On 1 July 2003 EADS Defence & Security Systems was founded with the merger of the activities of missile systems (LFK), defence electronics, military aircraft and telecommunications of the EADS Group. Tom Enders became the first CEO of the new division.

Airbus Military

The predecessor company was established in January 1999 as the Airbus Military Company SAS to manage the Airbus A400M project, taking over from the Euroflag consortium. In May 2003, the company was restructured as Airbus Military Sociedad Limitada (AMSL) prior to the execution of the production contract. The Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTAD) was a division of EADS which designs, manufactures and commercialises EADS-CASA light and medium transport aircraft, and headquartered in Madrid, Spain.[19] In 1999 was Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) in the EADS Group (European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company) incorporated. In Spain it was still referred to as EADS-CASA. The EADS-CASA division Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTA division) was also responsible for the development, production and sales of the leichten- and medium Transport and utility aircraft within the EADS Group. On 16 December 2008, EADS announced that the Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTA division) and Airbus Military SL (AMSL) as a new business unit in the Airbus SAS integrated. Airbus Military was formally created in April 2009 by the integration of the former Military Transport Aircraft Division (MTAD) and Airbus Military Sociedad Limitada (AMSL) into Airbus. The division manufactured tanker, transport and mission aircraft including Airbus A330 MRTT, Airbus A400M, CASA C-212 Aviocar, CASA/IPTN CN-235 and EADS CASA C-295. After the merger, it also acquired the production of Eurofighter Typhoon, which was earlier under Cassidian. Eurocopter, which was earlier under Airbus Military, was reorganized as Airbus Helicopters.

Astrium

Astrium was formed in 2000 by the merger of Matra Marconi Space (itself formed from French and British companies) with the space division of DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG and Computadores Redes e Ingeniería SA. Henceforth Astrium was a joint venture between EADS and BAE Systems. On 16 June 2003 the minority shareholder, BAE Systems, sold its 25% share to EADS, making EADS the sole shareholder. Astrium became EADS Astrium Satellites and in a wider restructuring became the major constituent of EADS Astrium, which also included EADS Astrium Space Transportation and EADS Astrium Services. In this restructuring the former Astrium Space Infrastructure division merged with EADS Launchers & Vehicles division to form EADS SPACE Transportation, which became later EADS Astrium Space Transportation. Also, Paradigm Secure Communications, initially created by Astrium in the frame of the Skynet 5 contract for the UK Ministry of Defence became the major constituent of EADS SPACE Services. CASA Espacio became part of EADS Astrium on 1 January 2004. EADS Astrium was the sole shareholder of Infoterra Ltd. On 1 July 2006, the French subsidiary of EADS Astrium, EADS Astrium SAS, merged with other French subsidiaries of EADS Space (especially EADS Space Transportation).

Cassidian

EADS Defence & Security Systems was founded on 1 July 2003. In it, the activities of missile systems (LFK-Lenkflugkörpersysteme GmbH), defence electronics, military aircraft and telecommunications of the EADS Group were merged. On 17 September 2010 the company name was changed to Cassidian, an amalgamation of the Latin words Cassida (helmet) and meridian, and focused on worldwide protection and security. Cassidian was further subdivided into Missiles (missile systems), Defence Electronics (defence electronics, such as sensors, electronics and mission avionics), Cassidian Air Systems (production and maintenance of military aircraft) Defence & Communication Systems (Defence and Communications Systems) and Services (military service). In 2012 a new division was incorporated as Cassidian CyberSecurity GmbH, headquartered in Ottobrunn.

Post merger (2013–present)

Airbus Defence and Space was formed in 2013 as a result of the merger of Astrium, Cassidian, and the Airbus Military divisions of European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company (EADS) which was itself reorganized as Airbus.[20] On 1 January 2014, the parent company EADS was restructured as Airbus, comprising three subsidiary companies that include Airbus Defence and Space, Airbus, and Airbus Helicopters.[21]

On 16 September 2014, after a detailed and comprehensive portfolio assessment, Airbus Defence and Space defined Space (Launchers & Satellites), Military Aircraft, Missiles and related Systems and Services as its future core businesses. Some business areas were identified as divestment candidates as they did not fit the strategic goals for the company. Under this plan, the commercial and para-public communication business (including Professional Mobile Radio and commercial satellite communications services activities) was divested. Subsidiaries and J.V. including Fairchild Communications, Rostock System-Technik, AVdef, ESG and Atlas Electronik were divested.[22] On 18 March 2016 the company decided to sell its defence electronics business (Defence Electronics) based in Ulm to Kohlberg Kravis Roberts, a global investment firm with a wide-ranging portfolio including Hospital Corporation of America, NXP Semiconductors, TDC A/S, and Dollar General.[23] From January 1, 2017. the group reorganized under the brand name of "Airbus". The subsidiaries Airbus, Airbus Helicopters and Airbus Defence and Space became operating divisions of the same company.[24]

18 December 19701 January 199210 July 200018 September 2000January 20011 December 20061 April 200917 September 201017 January 201427 May 20151 January 201712 April 2017
  European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company NVAirbus Group NVAirbus Group SEAirbus SE  
Airbus Industrie GIEAirbus SAS 
 Airbus Military SASAirbus Defence and Space SAS  
  EADS Defence and SecurityCassidian SAS
  Astrium SASEADS Astrium SAS
 Eurocopter SAEurocopter SASAirbus Helicopters SAS  
        
            

Organisation

Airbus Defence and Space is structured into four business lines:

  • Military Aircraft (headed by Alberto Gutiérrez) is responsible for fighter aircraft, airlifters, aerial refuelling tankers, and airborne warfare systems.
    • Global strike
    • Mobility
    • Surveillance and engagement
    • Missiles and unmanned airborne systems
  • Space Systems (headed by Jean-Marc Nasr) is responsible for Space exploration, missile defence, satellites, other networking services and also the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (Orion MPCV) and Space Station programmes.
    • Information solutions
    • Strategic missile and defence systems
    • Network and tactical systems
    • Space and intelligence systems
    • Space exploration
  • Communications, Intelligence and Security (headed by Evert Dudok) is responsible for providing intelligence to various governmental agencies.
    • Secure communications solutions for the military, government and institutional players and users
    • Airbus Cyber Security
    • Airbus DS Communications – a North American public safety company
  • UAS - Unmanned Aerial Systems (headed by Jana Rosenmann)

Aircraft

Tankers and transport aircraft

Airbus A330 MRTT

The Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) is an aerial refuelling tanker aircraft based on the civilian Airbus A330. The A330 MRTT has been ordered by the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), Royal Air Force (RAF), United Arab Emirates Air Force, Royal Saudi Air Force and Republic of Singapore Air Force. The EADS/Northrop Grumman KC-45 was a version of the A330 MRTT proposed for the United States Air Force.

Airbus A400M Atlas

The Airbus A400M Atlas[25][26] is a multi-national, four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft. It was designed by Airbus Military (now Airbus Defence and Space) as a tactical airlifter with strategic capabilities to replace older transport aircraft, such as the Transall C-160 and the Lockheed C-130 Hercules.[27] The A400M is positioned, in terms of size, between the C-130 and the C-17; it can carry heavier loads than the C-130, while able to use rough landing strips. Along with the transport role, the A400M can perform aerial refuelling and medical evacuation when fitted with appropriate equipment.

The CASA C-212 Aviocar is a turboprop-powered STOL medium transport aircraft designed and built by CASA in Spain for civil and military use. C-212s are also produced under licence in Indonesia by Indonesian Aerospace (IAe), formerly called IPTN. The design was initially marketed under the name of Aviocar, but EADS-CASA no longer uses that name in referring to the C-212.

CN-235M-100

The CASA/IPTN CN-235 is a medium-range twin-engine transport aircraft that was jointly developed by Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain and Indonesian manufacturer IPTN, as a regional airliner and military transport. Its primary military roles include maritime patrol, surveillance, and air transport. Its largest user is Turkey which has 59 aircraft.

C-295M

The EADS CASA C-295 is a twin-turboprop tactical military transport aircraft, and is currently manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space in Spain.

Fighter and attack aircraft

Eurofighter Typhoon

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.[28][29] The Typhoon was designed and is manufactured by a consortium of Alenia Aermacchi, Airbus and BAE Systems that conducts the majority of the project through a joint holding company, Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH formed in 1986. NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency manages the project and is the prime customer.[30]

  • New Generation Fighter - Eurofighter replacement
  • Airbus Future Jet Trainer (AFJT) - A fighter/attack trainer designed to be the future trainer aircraft of the Future Combat Air System (FCAS) and New Generation Fighter (NGF) [31][32]

Unmanned aerial vehicles

  • Tracker is a short-range mini UAS/UAV with two low noise electric engines. and can be operated by a two-man team. This fully automatic unmanned aircraft can be deployed in all weather conditions, flat terrain, mountainous areas or urban environments.
  • Barracuda is a multi-sensor system, designed as a demonstrator for test missions such as fast reconnaissance, surveillance, targeting and battle damage assessment, and is used as a testbed for the technologies and procedures for future aerial systems.
  • European HALE RPAS is a long-endurance aerial drone system designed for surveillance, reconnaissance and target acquisition. The main purpose of the European UAS is to provide wide-area ground and maritime surveillance along with reconnaissance of specific areas to assist commanders in the theatre of operations.
  • Euro Hawk was based on the Northrop Grumman RQ-4B Block 20/30/40 and was to be equipped with an Airbus Defence and Space-built SIGINT package; it was intended to fulfill Germany's requirement to replace their aging Dassault-Breguet Atlantique electronic surveillance aircraft of the Marineflieger (German Naval Air Arm). The EADS sensor package is composed of six wing-mounted pods;[33] reportedly these sensor pods could potentially be used on other platforms, including manned aircraft.
Euro Hawk
  • DVF 2000 VT is a short-range mini UAS/UAV with a low noise electric motor. It is an unmanned aircraft especially suited for maritime and land surveillance.
  • KZO is a tactical UAS with a powerful two-stroke gasoline engine. It is an unmanned aircraft especially suited for high-speed reconnaissance missions. The gathered information is immediately available and can quickly be distributed in the command structure.
  • Harfang is a medium-altitude long-endurance UAS for joint armed forces. It can fulfill a wide range of missions, from surveillance to sensitive peacekeeping. Harfang provides real-time information at each level of the operational chain and can be controlled either manually from the ground control station or autonomously.
  • ATLANTE is a tactical unmanned aerial system that ensures intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions by day and night for ground forces deployed in theatre.

Experimental aircraft

  • Zephyr is a series of lightweight solar-powered UAV originally designed and built in 2003 by the British company QinetiQ.[34] The development of the aircraft is ongoing and currently part of the Airbus High Altitude Pseudo-Satellite (HAPS) programme.[35]

Ballistic Missiles

In May 2016, Airbus and Safran agreed that their joint venture would work on upgrading the M51 submarine-launched ballistic missile to the M51.3 standard for the French Navy.[36]

Space Systems

Launchers

Ariane 4
  • Ariane is a series of a European civilian expendable launch vehicles for space launch operated from 1973 onwards. It is a collaboration between France, Germany and the UK. The Ariane project was code-named L3S (the French abbreviation for third-generation substitution launcher). The European Space Agency (ESA) charged the EADS subsidiary Astrium, presently Airbus Defence and Space, with the development of all Ariane launchers and of the testing facilities, while Arianespace, a 32.5% CNES commercial subsidiary created in 1980, handles production, operations and marketing. Arianespace launches Ariane rockets from the Guiana Space Centre at Kourou in French Guiana. Ariane 5 completed its 74th consecutive successful mission in October 2016.[37] The newest iteration Ariane 6 is under development with a first test flight scheduled for 2020.[38]

International Space Station

ATV
Columbus ISS Module

Space transportation

  • The Orion service module is the service module component of the Orion spacecraft, serving as its primary power and propulsion component until it is discarded at the end of each mission. In January 2013, NASA announced that the European Space Agency (ESA) will construct the service module for Artemis 1, replacing the previous design. Based on ESA's Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV), the new design is also known as the European service module (ESM). The service module supports the crew module from launch through separation prior to reentry. It provides in-space propulsion capability for orbital transfer, attitude control, and high altitude ascent aborts. It provides the water and oxygen needed for a habitable environment, generates and stores electrical power, and maintains the temperature of the vehicle's systems and components. This module can also transport unpressurized cargo and scientific payloads.
Orion service module

Astronomy and cosmology missions

  • Euclid (developed jointly with Thales Alenia Space) is a space mission currently under development by the European Space Agency (ESA). The objective of Euclid is to better understand dark energy and dark matter by accurately measuring the acceleration of the universe. To achieve this, the spacecraft will measure the redshift of galaxies at varying distances from Earth and investigate the relationship between distance and redshift.
  • LISA Pathfinder, formerly Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology-2 (SMART-2), is an ESA spacecraft that was launched on 3 December 2015.[40] The mission will test technologies needed for the Evolved Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (eLISA), an ESA gravitational wave observatory planned to be launched in 2034. The scientific phase started on 8 March 2016 and will last 6 months.[41]
  • Gaia is a space observatory of the European Space Agency (ESA) designed for astrometry.[42][43] The mission aims to construct the largest and most precise 3D space catalog ever made and totalling approximately 1 billion astronomical objects, mainly stars but also planets, comets, asteroids and quasars among others.

Solar observation missions

  • Solar Orbiter (SolO) is a Sun-observing satellite, developed by the European Space Agency (ESA). The mission was launched with an Atlas V from the Cape Canaveral AFS in Florida at 5:03 Central European Time (CET) on 10 February 2020.[44] SolO is intended to perform detailed measurements of the inner heliosphere and nascent solar wind, and perform close observations of the polar regions of the Sun, which is difficult to do from Earth, both serving to answer the question 'How does the Sun create and control the heliosphere?' The Solar Orbiter will make observations of the Sun from an eccentric orbit moving as close as ~60 solar radii (RS), or 0.284 astronomical units (AU), placing it inside Mercury's perihelion of 0.3075 AU and providing it with the closest ever views of the Sun.[45]

Planetary science missions

  • The ExoMars rover is a planned robotic Mars rover, part of the international ExoMars programme led by the European Space Agency and the Russian Roscosmos State Corporation.[46][47] The plan calls for a Russian launch vehicle, an ESA carrier module and a Russian lander that will deploy the rover to Mars' surface.[48] The ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, launched in 2016, will operate as the rover's data-relay satellite.[49] The spacecraft is scheduled to launch in July 2020.[50]
  • BepiColombo is a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan Aerospace eXploration Agency (JAXA) to the planet Mercury.[51] The mission comprises two satellites which were launched together: the Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and the Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO). The mission will perform a comprehensive study on Mercury, including its magnetic field, magnetosphere, interior structure and surface. The launch on an Ariane 5 took place on 20 October 2018.[52] The mission was approved in February 2007 as part of the Cosmic Vision programme.
  • Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) is a planned European Space Agency (ESA) spacecraft designed by Airbus Defence and Space to visit the Jovian system, focused on studying three of Jupiter's Galilean moons: Ganymede, Callisto, and Europa (excluding the more volcanically active Io).[53] It will characterise these three worlds, all of which are thought to have significant bodies of liquid water beneath their surfaces, making them potentially habitable environments. The selection of this mission for the L1 launch slot of ESA's Cosmic Vision science programme was announced on 2 May 2012.[54]
Venus Express
  • Venus Express was the first Venus exploration mission of the European Space Agency (ESA). Launched in November 2005, it arrived at Venus in April 2006 and began continuously sending back science data from its polar orbit around Venus. Equipped with seven scientific instruments, the main objective of the mission was the long term observation of the Venusian atmosphere. The observation over such long periods of time had never been done in previous missions to Venus and was key to a better understanding of the atmospheric dynamics.
  • Mars Express is a space exploration mission being conducted by the European Space Agency (ESA). The Mars Express mission is exploring the planet Mars and is the first planetary mission attempted by the agency.
Rosetta

Earth observation satellites

Airbus Defence and Space is the world's largest supplier of Earth observation systems with more than fifty satellites launched and 18 more under construction.[59][60]

  • TerraSAR-X NG: A next-generation development based on the TerraSAR-X mission.
  • AstroBus-L: A platform suited for high-performance Earth observation satellites such as the Pleiades Twin satellites and the SPOT satellite system.
  • Xpress: Low-cost synthetic aperture radar (SAR) satellite system particularly suitable for surveillance applications in a constellation concept.
  • AstroBus-S: Earth observation satellites for very-high-resolution (VHR) applications.
  • AstroBus-XS: Modernized and enhanced version of the very successful Myriade-based satellite family.

Some of the major satellite systems built are: Envisat (the world's largest civilian Earth observation satellite.[61]), Earth Explorers such as GOCE, GRACE, Swarm, EarthCARE, Sentinel Missions, MetOp and MetOp-SG.

Telecommunication satellites

Airbus Defence and Space has manufactured over a hundred communications satellites for a vast range of applications for clients from all over the world.[62]

  • Eurostar: Used for a series of spacecraft providing telecommunications services in geosynchronous orbit (GEO). More than 70 Eurostar satellites have been ordered to date, of which more than 55 have been successfully launched since October 1990 and have proven highly reliable in operational service. In December 2013, the Eurostar satellites accumulated 500 years of successful operations in orbit.[63] The Eurostar spacecraft series is designed for a variety of telecommunications needs including fixed services and broadcast, mobile services, broadband and secured communications.

Some of the major telecommunication satellites built are: Alphabus, the Eutelsat series, the Astra series, the Hispasat series, the Inmarsat series, and the UK military Skynet series.

Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane prototype

Spaceplane

Airbus Defence and Space Spaceplane is a suborbital spaceplane concept for carrying space tourists, proposed by Airbus Defence and Space. A full-size mockup was officially unveiled in Paris, France, on 13 June 2007,[64] and is now on display in the Concorde hall of the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace. The project is the first space tourism entry by a major aerospace contractor.

Rocket engines

Airbus Defence and Space also produces commercial versions of its proprietary rocket engines such as HM7B, Aestus, Vinci, Vulcain[65]

One Atlas

Airbus Defence and Space launched One Atlas in October 2016, a new satellite image basemap which covers the earth landmasses with professional-grade imagery.[66][67] The images available via Google Drive can be accessed around the clock, and are refreshed within a 12-month period. One Atlas was developed to bring demonstrable value to clients planning defence or security missions and operations, for example assisting the mapping, reporting and updating of positions, movements or risk areas, but also providing valuable intelligence when selecting transportation routes and access points.

Sites

Major European Airbus Defence and Space sites are located

See also

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External links

Media files used on this page

RSAF Typhoon at Malta - Gordon Zammit.jpg
Author/Creator: Gordon Zammit, Licence: GFDL 1.2
A Royal Saudi Air Force Typhoon fighter near Luqa - Malta International airport
Airbus Logo 2017.svg
The new logo of Airbus SE in 2017.
Orion Service Module.jpg
This artist's concept of the Orion Service Module was introduced today (16 January 2013). When the Orion spacecraft blasts off atop NASA’s Space Launch System rocket in 2017, attached will be the ESA-provided service module – the powerhouse that fuels and propels the Orion spacecraft.

Orion will be the most advanced spacecraft ever designed and carry astronauts farther into space than ever before. It will sustain astronauts during space travel and provide safe re-entry from deep space and emergency abort capability. Orion will be launched by NASA's Space Launch System (SLS), a heavy-lift rocket that will provide an entirely new capability for human exploration beyond low Earth orbit. Designed to be flexible for launching spacecraft for crew and cargo missions, SLS will enable new missions of exploration and expand human presence across the solar system.

The service module of the Orion spacecraft will provide support to the crew module from launch through separation prior to atmospheric re-entry.
Venus Express in orbit (crop).jpg
Venus Express in Venus orbit.
Luftwaffe 99-01 RQ-4B EuroHawk ILA 2012 1.jpg
(c) Julian Herzog, CC BY 4.0
German Luftwaffe 99-01 Northrop Grumman/Cassidian RQ-4B EuroHawk mock-up at ILA Berlin Air Show 2012.
A400M.jpg
Author/Creator: Chris, Licence: CC BY 2.0
FRIAT grandstand.
Casa.cn-235m-100.35-24.spanishaf.arp.jpg

Casa CN-235M-100 of the Spanish Air Force (identifier T-19B-06 and 35-24) taxis for takeoff at the Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, Gloucestershire, England.

Photographed by Adrian Pingstone on July 17th 2006 and released to the public domain.
Ariane 5ES with ATV 4 on its way to ELA-3.jpg
Author/Creator: DLR German Aerospace Center, Licence: CC BY 2.0
Raumfrachter ATV-4 "Albert Einstein" Ariane 5ES mit "OCAM"-Kamerasystem

Gemeinsam mit Partnern hat das DLR in den vergangenen Jahren das On-Board-Kamerasystem "OCAM" entwickeln lassen, mit dem sich der Flug der Ariane-Rakete verfolgen lässt. Das OCAM-System ist eine eigenständige Komponente, die auf der Ariane 5 als Passagier mitfliegt.

Der Höhepunkt des OCAM-Einsatzes wird die Beobachtung des Absetzens von ATV-4 im Orbit sein. Für dieses Ereignis wird OCAM dreidimensionale Video-Sequenzen aufnehmen, um das dynamische Verhalten der Raumfahrzeuge während der Separationsphase zu studieren. Damit eröffnet sich für die Ingenieure des ATV-Projekts eine völlig neue Möglichkeit, den Erfolg ihrer Arbeit zu beobachten und zugleich für die Zukunft wichtige neue Erfahrungen zu sammeln. www.dlr.de/blogs/DesktopDefault.aspx/tabid-7023/11643_rea... Credit: DLR/Thilo Kranz (CC-BY 3.0) 2013
Rosetta.jpg
A 3D model of the Rosetta Spacecraft. This is not a true representation of Rosetta as the actual spacecraft is protected by black multi layer insulation blankets, the High Gain is also black. Also the individual scientific payloads are highlighted in different colours on this model. The image was created using Celestia.
Ariane 5 (mock-up).jpg
Author/Creator: Poppy, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Ariane 5 mock-up (full size) from Cité de l'Espace in Toulouse
Ariane-44lp.gif
Launch of first Ariane IV rocket on June 15, 1988 for Arianespace. This, the twenty-second Arianespace flight, placed three satellites into orbit for three different customers. Arianespace seized the global lead in launching commercial payloads soon after its creation in 1980, and has maintained that lead to the present.
Maquette de Gaia salon du Bourget 2013 DSC 0191.JPG
Author/Creator: Pline, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Maquette de Gaia salon du Bourget 2013
Polish Air Force CASA C-295M Lofting.jpg
Author/Creator: Chris Lofting, Licence: GFDL 1.2
Polish Air Force CASA C-295M
View of ATV-2 - cropped and rotated.jpg
ISS026-E-037172 (24 Feb. 2011) --- Surrounded by the blackness of space, the European Space Agency's "Johannes Kepler" Automated Transfer Vehicle-2 (ATV-2) approaches the International Space Station. Docking of the two spacecraft occurred at 10:59 a.m. (EST) on Feb. 24, 2011.
Royal Air Force Airbus A330MRTT Bidini.jpg
Author/Creator: Aldo Bidini, Licence: GFDL 1.2
Royal Air Force Airbus A330 MRTT
Columbus module - cropped.jpg
Fly-around view of the International Space Station (ISS) from STS-127 crew on the Space Shuttle Endeavour. Backaway view of the forward (FWD) side of the European Columbus Module.