Agricultural geography

Agricultural patterns of crop production in Kansas
Cultivated terraces at Pisacu, Peru

Agricultural geography is a sub-discipline of human geography concerned with the spatial relationships found between agriculture and humans. That is, the study of the phenomenons and effects that lead to the formation of the earth's top surface, in different regions.

History

Humans have been interacting with their surroundings since as early as man has been around. According to article "How Does an Agricultural Region Originate?" English settlers who landed on American soil hundred of years ago greatly shaped American agriculture when they learned how to plant and grow crops from the Natives. Settlers continue to change the landscape by the demolishing wooded areas and turning them into pasteurized fields.[1]

Focus

It is traditionally considered the branch of economic geography that investigates those parts of the Earth's surface that are transformed by humans through primary sector activities for consumption. It thus focuses on the different types of structures of agricultural landscapes and asks for the cultural, social, economic, political, and environmental processes that lead to these spatial patterns. While most research in this area concentrates rather on production than on consumption,[2] a distinction can be made between nomothetic (e.g. distribution of spatial agricultural patterns and processes) and idiographic research (e.g. human-environment interaction and the shaping of agricultural landscapes). The latter approach of agricultural geography is often applied within regional geography.

Events

The war in Bosnia-Herzegovia from 1992-1995 affected a large majority of the country farming land due to the large number of land mines (approximately 1 million) that were planted and never were recovered or detonated. These areas with the landmines have become abandoned for obvious safety reasons. Much of the area where the landmines were planted was farming land, now residents of this country have to find another way to grow the crops they once planted there.[3]

Research Studies

A research study was done in Uganda where the researchers selected four completely different types of environmental factors and those factors were: rain-forest with no animal interaction, rain-forest animal and human interaction, urban living, and rain-forest with animal interaction. After running several analyzing test using the top soil and rain water it was determined that the urban living areas had higher levels of nitrogen, calcium and pH levels.[4]

See also

  • Geography of food
  • Agricultural sciences

References

  1. ^ Spencer, J. E.; Horvath, Ronald J. (1963). "How Does an Agricultural Region Originate?". Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 53 (1): 74–92. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1963.tb00434.x. ISSN 0004-5608. JSTOR 2569139.
  2. ^ Laingen, C. & L. Butler Harrington (2013): Agricultural Geography. Oxford Bibliographies. Oxford University Press. DOI 10.1093/OBO/9780199874002-006
  3. ^ Witmer, Frank D. W.; O'Loughlin, John (2009). "Satellite Data Methods and Application in the Evaluation of War Outcomes: Abandoned Agricultural Land in Bosnia-Herzegovina after the 1992-1995 Conflict". Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 99 (5): 1033–1044. doi:10.1080/00045600903260697. ISSN 0004-5608. JSTOR 20621273. S2CID 42275709.
  4. ^ Alele, Peter O.; Sheil, Douglas; Surget-Groba, Yann; Lingling, Shi; Cannon, Charles H. (2014-08-12). "How Does Conversion of Natural Tropical Rainforest Ecosystems Affect Soil Bacterial and Fungal Communities in the Nile River Watershed of Uganda?". PLOS ONE. 9 (8): e104818. Bibcode:2014PLoSO...9j4818A. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0104818. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 4130604. PMID 25118069.

Literature

  • Robinson, G.M. (2003): Geographies of Agriculture: Globalisation, Restructuring and Sustainability. Routledge.ISBN 978-0-582-35662-7
  • Grigg, D. (1995): An Introduction to Agricultural Geography. Routledge.ISBN 978-0-415-08443-7

External links


Media files used on this page

Translation to english arrow.svg
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This is a one-way "translation arrow" icon, drawn by myself in the style of, and modeled after :Image:Translation_arrow.svg. It is meant to more accurately illustrate the process of translating from one regional written language into english
Crops Kansas AST 20010624.jpg
Satellite image of crops growing in Kansas, United States. Healthy, growing crops are green. Corn would be growing into leafy stalks by late June (when this photo was taken). Sorghum, which resembles corn, grows more slowly and would be much smaller and therefore, possibly paler. Wheat is a brilliant gold as harvest occurs in June. Fields of brown have been recently harvested and plowed under or lie fallow for the year. The circular crop fields are a characteristic of center pivot irrigation. The fields shown here are 800 and 1,600 meters (0.5 and 1 mile) in diameter. The image is centered near Sublette, Kansas at about 37.5 degrees north latitude, 100.75 degrees west longitude, and covers an area of 37.2 x 38.8 km. The 'grid' in which the fields are laid out runs north-south/west-east and the dark angled line is U.S. Route 56. The image is aligned with the satellite orbital track, which is in a 98 degrees tilted orbit. North is about 10 degrees counter-clockwise from up. The image is a false-color presentation made to simulate natural color. The 3 bands that were used are in the green, red, and near infrared parts of the spectrum. ASTER does not have a blue channel, so any blue that can be seen was created from the other bands.
Pisac Terrassen medium.jpg
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Tarasy w pobliżu Pisac
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Unicode name: Earth globe americas

Annotations: Americas, Earth, Globe, Nature, Place
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