1989

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1986
  • 1987
  • 1988
  • 1989
  • 1990
  • 1991
  • 1992
1989 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1989
MCMLXXXIX
Ab urbe condita2742
Armenian calendar1438
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԸ
Assyrian calendar6739
Baháʼí calendar145–146
Balinese saka calendar1910–1911
Bengali calendar1396
Berber calendar2939
British Regnal year37 Eliz. 2 – 38 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2533
Burmese calendar1351
Byzantine calendar7497–7498
Chinese calendar戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
4685 or 4625
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4686 or 4626
Coptic calendar1705–1706
Discordian calendar3155
Ethiopian calendar1981–1982
Hebrew calendar5749–5750
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2045–2046
 - Shaka Samvat1910–1911
 - Kali Yuga5089–5090
Holocene calendar11989
Igbo calendar989–990
Iranian calendar1367–1368
Islamic calendar1409–1410
Japanese calendarShōwa 64 / Heisei 1
(平成元年)
Javanese calendar1921–1922
Juche calendar78
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4322
Minguo calendarROC 78
民國78年
Nanakshahi calendar521
Thai solar calendar2532
Tibetan calendar阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
2115 or 1734 or 962
    — to —
阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
2116 or 1735 or 963
Unix time599616000 – 631151999

1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1989th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 989th year of the 2nd millennium, the 89th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1980s decade.

1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. These are collectively known as the Revolutions of 1989. While revolutions against communist governments in Eastern Europe mainly succeeded, the year also saw the suppression by the Chinese government of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in Beijing.

It was the year of the first Brazilian presidential election in 29 years, since the end of the military government in 1985 that ruled the country for more than twenty years, and marked the redemocratization process's final point.

F. W. de Klerk was elected as State President of South Africa, and his regime gradually dismantled the apartheid system over the next five years, culminating with the 1994 election that brought jailed African National Congress leader Nelson Mandela to power.

The first commercial Internet service providers surfaced in this year,[1][2] as well as the first written proposal for the World Wide Web and New Zealand, Japan and Australia's first Internet connections. The first babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis were conceived in late 1989.[3]

Events

January

February

(c) RIA Novosti archive, image #827820 / A. Solomonov / CC-BY-SA 3.0
Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan

March

Mass demonstration at the Hungarian state television headquarters

April

May

June

July

August

Baltic Way in Estonia

September

October

The Phillips disaster

November

A peaceful demonstration in Prague during the Velvet Revolution

December

Flames engulf a building following the United States invasion of Panama

Date unknown

  • The first Al-Qaeda-related cell in the United States begins operation in New York City.
  • Kamchatka opens to Russian civilian visitors.
  • Richard C. Duncan introduces the Olduvai theory, about the collapse of industrial civilization.
  • The global concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth's atmosphere reaches 350 parts per million by volume.
  • Walmart posts revenues and profits triple its 1986 figures and rivals Kmart and Sears in importance in the American market.[53]
  • The Breguet Alizé propeller-driven anti-submarine planes are retired from active carrier service in the French Navy.
  • N.W.A are the first gangsta rap group to sell 1,000,000 copies of an album with their controversial 1988 debut album Straight Outta Compton.[54]

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

(c) Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0
(c) MTV International, CC BY 3.0
Nina Dobrev
Emily Meade
© Marie-Lan Nguyen / Wikimedia Commons, CC BY 3.0

February

Jeremy Sumpter
(c) Gage Skidmore, CC BY-SA 3.0

March

Daniella Monet
(c) Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0
(c) Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0
Pierre Niney

April

Aysel Teymurzadeh
Luke Bracey
  • April 2Liis Lass, Estonian actress
  • April 3Ankit Narang, Indian actor
  • April 4Chris Herd, Australian footballer
  • April 5Lily James, British actress
  • April 8
    • Nicholas Megalis, American singer-songwriter
    • Hitomi Takahashi, Japanese singer
    • Gabriella Wilde, English actress and model
  • April 9Danielle Kahle, American figure skater
  • April 12Lim Heem Wei, Singaporean artistic gymnast
  • April 13Vladislav Yegin, Russian ice hockey player
  • April 17Beau Knapp, American actor
  • April 18
    • Jessica Jung, American-born Korean singer
    • Alia Shawkat, American actress
  • April 19
    • Kim Nam-chun, South Korean footballer (d. 2020)
    • Ashley Everett, American dancer and actress
    • Simu Liu, Canadian actor, writer and stuntman
  • April 20
    • Alex Black, American actor
    • Nina Davuluri, American public speaker and advocate
    • Carlos Valdes, Colombian actor and singer
  • April 21Tatyana McFadden, Russian-born American paralympian athlete[63]
  • April 22Louis Smith, British gymnast
  • April 23
  • April 24Ian Matos, Brazilian diver
  • April 25
  • April 26
    • Luke Bracey, Australian actor
    • Daesung, South Korean singer
  • April 28Kim Sung-kyu, South Korean singer and dancer
  • April 29Foxes, British singer-songwriter

May

Prince Royce
Alexey Negodaylo

June

Lucy Hale
Renee Olstead
(c) Gage Skidmore, CC BY-SA 3.0
Mark Fischbach

July

David Henrie
Phoebe Tonkin
(c) gdcgraphics, CC BY-SA 3.0
Rory Culkin
Zelda Williams
  • July 1
    • Daniel Ricciardo, Australian Formula 1 driver
    • Farouk Ben Mustapha, Tunisian footballer
  • July 2
    • Dev, American singer
    • Alex Morgan, American soccer player
  • July 4Yoon Doo-joon, Korean singer
  • July 7
    • Jamie Johnston, Canadian actor and singer-songwriter
    • Kim Bum, South Korean actor
  • July 8
    • Dmitry Abakumov, Russian football player
    • Yarden Gerbi, Israeli world champion judoka
    • Ahmad Fakri Saarani, Malaysian footballer
  • July 10
    • Fazrul Hazli, Malaysian footballer
    • Carlos Zambrano, Peruvian footballer
  • July 11
    • Shareeka Epps, American actress
    • David Henrie, American actor and director
    • Martin Klizan, Slovak tennis player
  • July 12
    • Phoebe Tonkin, Australian actress and model
    • Rakep Patel, Kenyan cricketer
  • July 13Sayumi Michishige, Japanese singer
  • July 14Cyril Rioli, Australian rules footballer
  • July 15Tristan Wilds, American actor and singer
  • July 16
  • July 18Jamie Benn, Canadian ice hockey player
  • July 21
    • Chris Gunter, Welsh footballer
    • Marco Fabián, Mexican footballer
    • Rory Culkin, American actor
  • July 22
    • Trent Boult, New Zealand cricketer
    • Kamal G, Indian film director, film editor and film producer
  • July 23
  • July 25Noel Callahan, Canadian actor
  • July 27Charlotte Arnold, Canadian actress
  • July 28
    • Adrien Broner, African-American professional boxer
    • Felipe Kitadai, Brazilian Olympic medalist judoka
    • Amy Yang, South Korean golfer
  • July 30Aleix Espargaró, Spanish Grand prix motorcycle racer
  • July 31
    • Victoria Azarenka, Belarusian tennis player
    • Alexis Knapp, American actress and singer
    • Marshall Williams, Canadian actor and musician
    • Zelda Williams, American actress

August

September

Steliana Nistor
Jason Derulo

October

November

(c) Gage Skidmore, CC BY-SA 3.0

December

(c) Cosmopolitan UK, CC BY 3.0
Ashley Benson
Jane Levy

Deaths

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

Emperor Hirohito

February

March

Sa`id Al-Mufti

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

(c) RIA Novosti archive, image #25981 / Vladimir Fedorenko / CC-BY-SA 3.0

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

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Further reading

  • Ash, Timothy Garton. The Magic Lantern: The Revolution of '89 Witnessed in Warsaw, Budapest, Berlin, and Prague (1999) excerpt
  • Kenney, Padraic, ed. 1989: Democratic Revolutions at the Cold War's End: A Brief History with Documents (2009)
  • Sebestyen, Victor. Revolution 1989: The Fall of the Soviet Empire (2010) excerpt

External links

Media files used on this page

Rubik's cube v3.svg
Author/Creator: User:Booyabazooka, User:Meph666 modified by User:Niabot, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Rubik's Cube, color scheme modified, with shadow and reflection
Jane Levy WonderCon 2013.jpg
Author/Creator: Gage Skidmore, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Jane Levy speaking at the 2013 WonderCon at the Anaheim Convention Center in Anaheim, California.
James Harden (30735342912).jpg
Author/Creator: Keith Allison from Hanover, MD, USA, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Rockets at Wizards 11/7/16
Havla 1989.jpg
Author/Creator: MD, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Vaclav Havel and protesters commemorate the struggle for Freedom and Democracy at Prague memorial during 1989 Velvet Revolution.
Aly Michalka May 2017.jpg
Author/Creator: GabboT, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Aly Michalka 02
Maurice evans 1956.JPG
Publicity photo of Maurice Evans for his performance on the television program Hallmark Hall of Fame.
Hayden Panettiere in 2011 04 (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: Tabercil, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.0
Hayden Panettiere at Fan Expo in Toronto.
RIAN archive 25981 Academician Sakharov.jpg
(c) RIA Novosti archive, image #25981 / Vladimir Fedorenko / CC-BY-SA 3.0
“Academician Sakharov”. Academician Andrei Sakharov being interviewed at a conference of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences.
Dakota Johnson Venice 2018 (cropped).jpg
Author/Creator: Pietro Luca Cassarino, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Dakota Johnson signing autographs during the 2018 Venice Film Festival
Nina Dobrev during an interview in August 2018 02.png
(c) MTV International, CC BY 3.0
Nina Dobrev during an interview on the film Dog Days on August 13, 2018.
Adèle Haenel Cannes 2017.jpg
(c) Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0
Adèle Haenel au festival de Cannes
Shane van Gisbergen 2020 Supercars launch.jpg
Author/Creator: Kytabu, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Shane van Gisbergen at the 2020 Supercars season launch
Nemzeti Ünnep - Szabadság tér 1989.03.15 (4).jpg
Author/Creator: Derzsi Elekes Andor, Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
Live on the 15th of March, 1989. Hungary, Budapest, the statue of Petőfi Sándor, Szabadság square, Kossuth square, Pest bridgehead of the Margaret bridge. After decades of forbidden national days, on the 15th of March, 1989, the communist regime of Hungary allowed people to celebrate 1848 –1849 revolution. Parallel with the state celebration at the National Museum, independant organisations called the public to gather at the statue of Petőfi Sándor. Published under Creative Commons in the Metapolisz DVD line. All of the photos and vids in the Metapolisz DVD line are under Creative Commons and can be used even for commercial – for profit – purposes. Recommended Citation Derzsi Elekes Andor: Metapolisz DVD line http://nektar.oszk.hu/en/manifestation/2623913 Megjelent Creative Commons alatt a Metapolisz sorozatban. A Metapolisz sorozat valamennyi képe és filmje Creative Commons alatti valamint kereskedelmi - for profit - célra is felhasználható. Ajánlott hivatkozás: Derzsi Elekes Andor: Metapolisz DVD line http://nektar.oszk.hu/en/manifestation/2623913 Tags: Hungary Magyarország 1989 March the 15th Budapest change of the system Bégány Attila Derzsi Elekes Andor Metapolisz

Nemzeti Ünnep – Budapest, 1989.03.15 A felvétel 1989. március 15 –én, szerdán készült, Budapesten, a Petőfi szobornál (1, 2), a Szabadság téren (3, 4), a Kossuth téren (5, 6) illetve a Margit híd pesti hídfőjénél (7). A cellulóz film jpg formátumra szkennelt előhívása. Plakátok: 1. IGAZ…………..ÉST !, 2………MEDIKUS CSOPORT, 3. RENDŐRÁLLAM HELYETT JOGÁLLAMOT  ! 4. BO……..hogy Források: Petőfi szobor, Szabadság tér: http://www.osaarchivum.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=644&Itemid=657&lang=hu, MDF fáklyás felvonulás: http://www.osaarchivum.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=644&Itemid=657&lang=hu, Állambiztonsági jelentés: (Napi Operatív Információs Jelentés) 23. oldal http://www.osaarchivum.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=606&Itemid=628&lang=hu, 1989. március 15 – Az ellenzék előszőr mutatta meg az erejét http://hirszerzo.hu/hirek/2009/3/15/101224_1989_marcius_15_az_ellenzek_eloszor_mutatta, Március 15-e a magyar fővárosban http://videotorium.hu/hu/recordings/details/2131,Marcius_15-e_a_magyar_fovarosban,

Címkék: Nemzeti Ünnep 1989. március 15 Budapest Magyarország Petőfi szobor Szabadság tér Kossuth tér Margit híd rendszerváltás Bégány Attila Derzsi Elekes Andor Metapolisz
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Offizielles Pressefoto des Liechtensteinischen Fürsten Franz Josef II. .
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AySel in Moscow, 2009
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Nicole Ross of the United States at the Saint-Maur Women's Foil World Cup.
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Elizabeth Olsen speaking at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con International in San Diego, California.
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Onew during a fansign event in Goyang on June 29, 2018.
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Katinka Hosszú with bronze medal of 200m backstroke on 2015 World Aquatics Championships, Kazan
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Cropped portrait of Emperor Hirohito
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Social Liberal leader and PM Hilmar Baunsgaard
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Alex Morgan during the USWNT friendly against New Zealand on May 16, 2019, in St. Louis.
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Photo of John Cassavetes as Johnny Staccato from the television program of the same name.
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Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach makes her way towards the Music Room in Malacañan Palace to meet President Rodrigo R. Duterte for a courtesy call on July 18
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Photo of Bette Davis.
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Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos at an armed forces full honor departure ceremony with Secretary of State, George Shultz, in attendence. Cropped image.
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Joe Jonas at the Paris Hilton: Marquee The Star Sydney 2012.
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2018 FIFA World Cup qualification – UEFA Group D)Austria (red shirts) vs. Wales (white shirts) 2-2 (1-2) – 2016-10-06 in Vienna, Ernst-Happel-Stadion – The photo shows Gareth Bale (Wales).
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Lucy Hale on the red carpet at the 38th People's Choice Awards on January 11, 2012, at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles, California.
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Portret Nicolae Ceaușescu.
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“Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan”. A Soviet unit pictured prior to their withdrawal from Afghanistan. 1989.
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Professional baseball player Billy Martin
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Corbin Bleu After Theater Godspell, In New York, April 2012..
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The Fall of the Berlin Wall, 1989. The photo shows a part of a public photo documentation wall at the Brandenburg Gate, Berlin. The photo documentation is permanently placed in the public.
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Bebe Rexha at the 2019 iHeartRadio Music Awards in Los Angeles, California on March 14, 2019 - Photo by Glenn Francis of www.PacificProDigital.com
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PewDiePie at PAX Prime 2015, cropped from original
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160312 공감 발매기념 인천 팬사인회에서의 정준영.
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Baby Driver Australian Premiere - Arrivals

SYDNEY, AUSTRALIA - JULY 12: Ansel Elgort, Edgar Wright and Lily James arrive ahead of the Baby Driver Australian Premiere at Event Cinemas George Street on July 12, 2017 in Sydney, Australia. Photography Eva Rinaldi
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David Henrie attends the Variety's Power of Youth Event at Paramount Studios in Hollywood, CA, Oct 24, 2010
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Design of the medal: The Nobel Foundation. Sculptor and engraver: Erik Lindberg (1902).

, Licence: Cc-by-sa-3.0

This image is a version of a photograph of one side (the front side) of the 1947 Nobel Prize Medal in Physics presented to Sir Edward Victor Appleton by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on display at the University of Edinburgh. The Medal was on display in Appleton Tower, University of Edinburgh, where it was photographed by David Monniaux, who uploaded his digitized photograph to Wikipedia in 2005. It is a photograph of the "front side" of the medal that Appleton received, not the "back side," which is specific to the medals for Physics and Chemistry.

Note that the Economics prize uses a different medal, see [1].

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Lucille Ball in a 1955 film still, for I Love Lucy episode "Face to Face", aired on November 14, 1955.
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Prince Royce
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Gromyko vertrekt van Schiphol, nummer 13 Gromyko (kop)
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Neptune
Original Caption Released with Image: During August 16 and 17, 1989, the Voyager 2 narrow-angle camera was used to photograph Neptune almost continuously, recording approximately two and one-half rotations of the planet. These images represent the most complete set of full disk Neptune images that the spacecraft will acquire. This picture from the sequence shows two of the four cloud features which have been tracked by the Voyager cameras during the past two months. The large dark oval near the western limb (the left edge) is at a latitude of 22 degrees south and circuits Neptune every 18.3 hours. The bright clouds immediately to the south and east of this oval are seen to substantially change their appearances in periods as short as four hours. The second dark spot, at 54 degrees south latitude near the terminator (lower right edge), circuits Neptune every 16.1 hours. This image has been processed to enhance the visibility of small features, at some sacrifice of color fidelity. The Voyager Mission is conducted by JPL for NASA's Office of Space Science and Applications.
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Nicholas Hoult speaking at the 2019 WonderCon, for "Tolkien", at the Anaheim Convention Center in Anaheim, California.

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صورة لسعيد المفتي الذي توفي 1989
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Actress and musician Daniella Monet being interviewed for Throw Back with Nickelodeon in 2019
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Орденом Дружбы награждён олимпийский чемпион в бобслее Алексей Негодайло.
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Taron Egerton speaking at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con International in San Diego, California.
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Edward Ochab (1906-1989) - Polish communist social activist and politician. From December 1948 he was a deputy member of the (communist) Polish United Workers' Party (PZPR) Politburo, and a full member from 1954. Between 20 March and 21 October 1956 first secretary of the party.
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Publicity photo of Anthony Quayle TV special, "The Story of David"
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Rory McIlroy drives during a practice day for the 2013 BMW PGA Championship at Wentworth Club.
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Steliana Nistor (b. 1989) at the Mediterraneo Gym Cup July 5th 2008 in Rome
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Marion Maréchal-Le Pen speaking at the 2018 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland.

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Markiplier speaking at the 2018 PAX West in Seattle, Washington.
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Konrad Lorenz
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Pua Kealoha passport photo
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Phoebe Tonkin at The Paley Center For Media's PaleyFest 2014 Honoring "The Originals"
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Pierre Niney à l'avant-première parisienne de "Frantz"
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Ted Bundy 31 years old, in custody, Florida, July 1978, 10 years before his state execution in 1989.
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Rory Culkin at the 2008 Toronto International Film Festival
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Original Jan 30 1947 Sugar Ray Robinson Welterweight Champion Boxing Wire Photo
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William Shockley, Nobel Prize in physics
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Aerial photo of complex as seen from north to south. Dark arrow at top points to the north edge of the staging area for responding mutual aid equipment. Area of origin thought to be near center (light arrow). Appendix F1. Aerial photo of complex as seen from north to south, from page 89 of http://ncsp.tamu.edu/reports/USFA/pasadena.pdf . This is a document is under the auspices of the United States Fire Administration, Technical Report Series, entitled "Phillips Petroleum Chemical Plant Explosion and Fire -- Pasadena, Texas" from the Federal Emergency Management Agency, United States Fire Administration, National Fire Data Center.
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Ashley Benson at the 38th People's Choice Awards, Red Carpet 2012.
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AFDW Airmen celebrated the U.S. Air Force 71st birthday by attending a special live screening of Captain Marvel at the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, hosted by Good Morning America Sep. 18, 2018. As the first female character to headline a Marvel franchise, Capt. Carol Danvers (actress Brie Larson) exemplifies the barrier-breaking spirit found in every generation of Airmen going back to 1947. (United States Air Force photo by 2d Lt Jessica Cicchetto)(Released)
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Salvador Dalí 1939
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Australian actor Luke Bracey at The Hunger Games Premiere, Sydney, Australia
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