1980 United States census

Twentieth census
of the United States

April 1, 1980

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
USCensus1980.svg
1980 U.S. census logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population226,545,805 (Increase 11.4%)
Most populous ​stateCalifornia
23,667,902
Least populous ​stateAlaska
401,851

The United States census of 1980, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 census.[1] It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

Census questions

The 1980 census collected the following information from all respondents:[2]

  • Address
  • Name
  • Household relationship
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Age
  • Marital status
  • Whether of Spanish/Hispanic origin or descent

It was the first census not to ask for the name of the "head of household."[3]

Approximately 16 percent of households received a "long form" of the 1980 census, which contained over 100 questions. Full documentation on the 1980 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

Microdata from the 1980 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2052.[4]

State rankings

A map showing the population change of each US State by percentage.
RankStatePopulation as of
1980 census
Population as of
1970 census
ChangePercent
change
1 California23,667,90219,953,1343,714,768 Increase18.6% Increase
2 New York17,558,07218,236,967–678,895 Decrease–3.7% Decrease
3 Texas14,229,19111,196,7303,032,461 Increase27.1% Increase
4 Pennsylvania11,863,89511,793,90969,986 Increase0.6% Increase
5 Illinois11,426,51811,113,976312,542 Increase2.8% Increase
6 Ohio10,797,63010,652,017145,613 Increase1.4% Increase
7 Florida9,746,3246,789,4432,956,881 Increase43.6% Increase
8 Michigan9,262,0788,875,083386,995 Increase4.4% Increase
9 New Jersey7,364,8237,168,164196,659 Increase2.7% Increase
10 North Carolina5,881,7665,082,059799,707 Increase15.7% Increase
11 Massachusetts5,737,0375,689,17047,867 Increase0.8% Increase
12 Indiana5,490,2245,193,669296,555 Increase5.7% Increase
13 Georgia5,463,1054,589,575873,530 Increase19.0% Increase
14 Virginia5,346,8184,668,494678,324 Increase15.0% Increase
15 Missouri4,916,6864,676,501240,185 Increase8.3% Increase
16 Wisconsin4,705,7674,417,731288,036 Increase6.5% Increase
17 Tennessee4,591,1203,923,687667,443 Increase17.0% Increase
18 Maryland4,216,9753,922,399294,576 Increase7.5% Increase
19 Louisiana4,205,9003,641,306564,594 Increase15.5% Increase
20 Washington4,132,1563,409,169722,987 Increase21.2% Increase
21 Minnesota4,075,9703,804,971270,999 Increase7.1% Increase
22 Alabama3,893,8883,444,165449,723 Increase13.1% Increase
23 Kentucky3,660,7773,218,706442,071 Increase13.7% Increase
24 South Carolina3,121,8202,590,516531,304 Increase20.5% Increase
25 Connecticut3,107,5763,031,70975,867 Increase2.5% Increase
26 Oklahoma3,025,2902,559,229466,061 Increase18.2% Increase
27 Iowa2,913,8082,824,37689,432 Increase3.2% Increase
28 Colorado2,889,9642,207,259682,705 Increase30.9% Increase
29 Arizona2,718,2151,745,944972,271 Increase55.7% Increase
30 Oregon2,633,1052,091,533541,572 Increase25.9% Increase
31 Mississippi2,520,6382,216,192304,446 Increase13.7% Increase
32 Kansas2,363,6792,246,578117,101 Increase5.2% Increase
33 Arkansas2,286,4351,923,295363,140 Increase18.9% Increase
34 West Virginia1,949,6441,744,237205,407 Increase11.8% Increase
35 Nebraska1,569,8251,483,49386,332 Increase5.8% Increase
36 Utah1,461,0371,059,273401,764 Increase37.9% Increase
37 New Mexico1,302,8941,017,055285,839 Increase28.1% Increase
38 Maine1,124,660992,048132,612 Increase13.4% Increase
39 Hawaii964,691769,913194,778 Increase25.3% Increase
40 Rhode Island947,154946,725429 Increase0.0% Increase
41 Idaho943,935712,567231,368 Increase32.5% Increase
42 New Hampshire920,610737,681182,929 Increase24.8% Increase
43 Nevada800,493488,738311,755 Increase63.8% Increase
44 Montana786,690694,40992,281 Increase13.3% Increase
45 South Dakota690,768665,50725,261 Increase3.8% Increase
46 North Dakota652,717617,76134,956 Increase5.7% Increase
 District of Columbia638,333756,510–118,177 Decrease–15.6% Decrease
47 Delaware594,338548,10446,234 Increase8.4% Increase
48 Vermont511,456444,33067,126 Increase15.1% Increase
49 Wyoming469,557332,416137,141 Increase41.3% Increase
50 Alaska401,851300,382101,469 Increase33.8% Increase

Between the 1980 census and the 1990 census, the United States population increased by approximately 22,164,837 or 9.8%.

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation[5]Region (2016)[6]
01New YorkNew York7,071,639Northeast
02ChicagoIllinois3,005,072Midwest
03Los AngelesCalifornia2,966,850West
04PhiladelphiaPennsylvania1,688,210Northeast
05HoustonTexas1,595,138South
06DetroitMichigan1,203,339Midwest
07DallasTexas904,078South
08San DiegoCalifornia875,538West
09PhoenixArizona789,704West
10BaltimoreMaryland786,775South
11San AntonioTexas785,880South
12IndianapolisIndiana700,807Midwest
13San FranciscoCalifornia678,974West
14MemphisTennessee646,356South
15WashingtonDistrict of Columbia638,333South
16MilwaukeeWisconsin636,212Midwest
17San JoseCalifornia629,442West
18ClevelandOhio573,822Midwest
19ColumbusOhio564,871Midwest
20BostonMassachusetts562,994Northeast
21New OrleansLouisiana557,515South
22JacksonvilleFlorida540,920South
23SeattleWashington493,846West
24DenverColorado492,365West
25Nashville-DavidsonTennessee455,651South
26St. LouisMissouri453,085Midwest
27Kansas CityMissouri448,159Midwest
28El PasoTexas425,259South
29AtlantaGeorgia425,022South
30PittsburghPennsylvania423,938Northeast
31Oklahoma CityOklahoma403,213South
32CincinnatiOhio385,457Midwest
33Fort WorthTexas385,164South
34MinneapolisMinnesota370,951Midwest
35PortlandOregon366,383West
36HonoluluHawaii365,048West
37Long BeachCalifornia361,334West
38TulsaOklahoma360,919South
39BuffaloNew York357,870Northeast
40ToledoOhio354,635Midwest
41MiamiFlorida346,865South
42AustinTexas345,496South
43OaklandCalifornia339,337West
44AlbuquerqueNew Mexico331,767West
45TucsonArizona330,537West
46NewarkNew Jersey329,248Northeast
47CharlotteNorth Carolina314,447South
48OmahaNebraska314,255Midwest
49LouisvilleKentucky298,451South
50BirminghamAlabama284,413South
51WichitaKansas279,272Midwest
52SacramentoCalifornia275,741West
53TampaFlorida271,523South
54Saint PaulMinnesota270,230Midwest
55NorfolkVirginia266,979South
56Virginia BeachVirginia262,199South
57RochesterNew York241,741Northeast
58St. PetersburgFlorida238,647South
59AkronOhio237,177Midwest
60Corpus ChristiTexas231,999South
61Jersey CityNew Jersey223,532Northeast
62Baton RougeLouisiana219,419South
63AnaheimCalifornia219,311West
64RichmondVirginia219,214South
65FresnoCalifornia218,202West
66Colorado SpringsColorado215,150West
67ShreveportLouisiana205,820South
68Lexington-FayetteKentucky204,165South
69Santa AnaCalifornia203,713West
70DaytonOhio203,371Midwest
71JacksonMississippi202,895South
72MobileAlabama200,452South
73YonkersNew York195,351Northeast
74Des MoinesIowa191,003Midwest
75Grand RapidsMichigan181,843Midwest
76MontgomeryAlabama177,857South
77KnoxvilleTennessee175,030South
78AnchorageAlaska174,431West
79LubbockTexas173,979South
80Fort WayneIndiana172,196Midwest
81LincolnNebraska171,932Midwest
82SpokaneWashington171,300West
83RiversideCalifornia170,876West
84MadisonWisconsin170,616Midwest
85Huntington BeachCalifornia170,505West
86SyracuseNew York170,105Northeast
87ChattanoogaTennessee169,565South
88ColumbusGeorgia169,441South
89Las VegasNevada164,674West
90MetairieLouisiana164,160South
91Salt Lake CityUtah163,033West
92WorcesterMassachusetts161,799Northeast
93WarrenMichigan161,134Midwest
94Kansas CityKansas161,087Midwest
95ArlingtonTexas160,113South
96FlintMichigan159,611Midwest
97AuroraColorado158,588West
98TacomaWashington158,501West
99Little RockArkansas158,461South
100ProvidenceRhode Island156,804Northeast

Politics

References

  1. ^ "Population and Area (Historical Censuses)" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 24, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2008.
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 46 (p. 52 of PDF). Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Frum, David (2000). How We Got Here: The '70s. New York: Basic Books. p. 246. ISBN 0-465-04195-7.
  4. ^ PIO, US Census Bureau, Census History Staff. "The "72-Year Rule" – History – U.S. Census Bureau". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 26, 2015.
  5. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  6. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

External links

Media files used on this page

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
Seal of the United States Census Bureau. The blazon is defined here as:

On a shield an open book beneath which is a lamp of knowledge emitting rays above in base two crossed quills. Around the whole a wreath of single leaves, surrounded by an outer band bearing between two stars the words "U.S. Department of Commerce" in the upper portion and "Bureau of the Census" in the lower portion, the lettering concentric with an inner beaded rim and an outer dentilated rim.

Flag of California.svg
Flag of California. This version is designed to accurately depict the standard print of the bear as well as adhere to the official flag code regarding the size, position and proportion of the bear, the colors of the flag, and the position and size of the star.
Flag of Ohio.svg
The flag of the U.S. state of Ohio, officially known as the "Ohio Burgee"
Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg
A former flag of the State of Florida with St Patrick's Saltire, used from 1900 to 1985.
Flag of North Carolina (1885–1991).svg
Flag of North Carolina, 1885–1991
Flag of Wisconsin (1913–1981).svg
Flag of Wisconsin (1913-1981)
Flag of Oregon.svg
Flag of Oregon (obverse): The flag was adopted by the state on February 26, 1925.[1] The state seal was decided in 1903.[2][3]
Flag of Utah (1913–1922).png
Flag of Utah (1913–1922)
Flag of New Mexico.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg
Flag of Montana, 1905—1981
Flag of Alaska.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of Alaska
Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988).svg
Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988)
19980 US Census Map.png
Author/Creator: Mr. Banana Fana Fo Filly, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
1980 US Census map
Flag of Minnesota (1957–1983).svg
A former state flag of Minnesota, used from August 1957 to August 1983.
Flag of Nevada (1929-1991).svg
Flag of Nevada (1929–1991).
Flag of South Dakota (1963-1992).svg
Flag of South Dakota (1963-1992).
USCensus1980.svg
Logo used for the 20th US Census of 1980, on various literature. Variations exist with different colors and the shading of the figures shown in the zero.
Flag of Florida (1900–1985).svg
A former flag of the State of Florida with St Patrick's Saltire, used from 1900 to 1985.
Flag of Montana (1905–1981).svg
Flag of Montana, 1905—1981