1943

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1940
  • 1941
  • 1942
  • 1943
  • 1944
  • 1945
  • 1946
1943 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1943
MCMXLIII
Ab urbe condita2696
Armenian calendar1392
ԹՎ ՌՅՂԲ
Assyrian calendar6693
Baháʼí calendar99–100
Balinese saka calendar1864–1865
Bengali calendar1350
Berber calendar2893
British Regnal yearGeo. 6 – 8 Geo. 6
Buddhist calendar2487
Burmese calendar1305
Byzantine calendar7451–7452
Chinese calendar壬午年 (Water Horse)
4639 or 4579
    — to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
4640 or 4580
Coptic calendar1659–1660
Discordian calendar3109
Ethiopian calendar1935–1936
Hebrew calendar5703–5704
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1999–2000
 - Shaka Samvat1864–1865
 - Kali Yuga5043–5044
Holocene calendar11943
Igbo calendar943–944
Iranian calendar1321–1322
Islamic calendar1361–1363
Japanese calendarShōwa 18
(昭和18年)
Javanese calendar1873–1874
Juche calendar32
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4276
Minguo calendarROC 32
民國32年
Nanakshahi calendar475
Thai solar calendar2486
Tibetan calendar阳水马年
(male Water-Horse)
2069 or 1688 or 916
    — to —
阴水羊年
(female Water-Goat)
2070 or 1689 or 917

1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1943rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 943rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 43rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1940s decade.

Events

Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.

January

February

March

A low level attack on a Japanese ship during the Battle of the Bismarck Sea
Jewish prisoners being deported from the Kraków Ghetto

April

May

This photograph, from the Stroop Report, shows captured fighters in the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising.
The Möhne Dam breached following Operation Chastise, carried out by the "Dambusters" of the RAF.

June

July

The U.S. Liberty ship SS Robert Rowan explodes during the Allied invasion of Sicily, July 11, 1943.
The bombing of Hamburg during 1943.
Wladyslaw Sikorski, Polish military and political leader of the Polish government in exile during World War 2
Mussolini

August

Mackenzie King, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill at the 1943 Quebec Conference.

September

October

November

The first Lebanese flag hand drawn and signed by the deputies of the Lebanese parliament, November 11, 1943. The French Mandate ends and Lebanon gains independence in November 1943.
Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill on the verandah of the Soviet Embassy in Tehran during the Tehran Conference

December

Date unknown

Births

Births
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

February

March

April

May

June

(c) Magnus Fröderberg/norden.org, CC BY 2.5 dk
(c) Jac. de Nijs, CC BY-SA 3.0
Florence Ballard

July

(c) Gage Skidmore, CC BY-SA 3.0
Kurtwood Smith
(c) Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0

August

(c) Georges Biard, CC BY-SA 3.0

September

October

(c) Larry D. Moore, CC BY-SA 3.0
R.L. Stine

November

December

(c) Gage Skidmore, CC BY-SA 3.0

Deaths

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January

Agustin Pedro Justo

February

Karl Leopold von Möller
Blessed Maria Josefa Karolina Brader

March

Hans Woellke
Blessed Maria Restituta Kafka

April

May

Blessed Grzegorz Bolesław Frąckowiak
Rida Pasha al-Rikabi

June

July

Kazimierz Junosza-Stępowski
Saint Ignacia Nazaria March Mesa
  • July 2Alice Mary Dowd, American educator and poet (b. 1855)
  • July 4
  • July 5
    • Leonardo Ferrulli, Italian pilot (killed in action) (b. 1918)
    • Kazimierz Junosza-Stępowski, Polish actor (b. 1880)
  • July 6
    • Teruo Akiyama, Japanese admiral (killed in action) (b. 1891)
    • Nazaria Ignacia March Mesa, Spanish-born Roman Catholic religious sister, canonized (b. 1889)
  • July 8
    • Jean Moulin, French resistance fighter (injuries from suicide attempt in custody) (b. 1899)
    • Sir Harry Oakes, American-born British gold mine owner (murdered) (b. 1874)
  • July 11Eugen Lovinescu, Romanian critic, academic and novelist (b. 1881)
  • July 12
  • July 13
    • Lorenzo Barcelata, Mexican composer (b. 1898)
    • Marianna Biernacka, Polish Roman Catholic religious sister, martyr and blessed (killed) (b. 1888)
    • Luz Long, German long jump athlete (killed in action) (b. 1913)
    • Alexander Schmorell, Russian-born German White Rose resistance member, Orthodox Church passion bearer and saint (executed) (b. 1917)
  • July 14Mariya Borovichenko, Soviet medical officer (killed in action) (b. 1925)
  • July 16Saul Raphael Landau, Polish Jewish lawyer, journalist, publicist and Zionist activist (b. 1870)
  • July 19
    • Martin Faust, American film actor (b. 1886)
    • Giuseppe Terragni, Italian architect (b. 1904)
  • July 20
    • Maria Gay, Spanish opera singer (b. 1879)
    • Charles Hazelius Sternberg, American fossil collector and paleontologist (b. 1850)
  • July 21
  • July 23Mario Nicolis di Robilant, Italian general (b. 1855)
  • July 26Luis Barros Borgoño, Chilean politician (b. 1858)
  • July 28Charles Granval, French actor (b. 1882)
  • July 29William Ewart Hart, Australian aviator, dentist (b. 1885)
  • July 30Max Eitingon, Belarusian-German medical doctor and psychoanalyst (b. 1881)
  • July 31

August

Blessed Franz Jägerstätter

September

October

November

Metropolitan Gurie Grosu

December

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal.png

References

  1. ^ Levine, Alan (2012). From Axis Victories to the Turn of the Tide: World War II, 1939-1943. Potomac Books. p. 188.
  2. ^ Waters, John M. Jr., CAPT USCG (December 1966). "Stay Tough". United States Naval Institute Proceedings. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  3. ^ "The Eruption of Parícutin (1943–1952)". How Volcanoes Work. Archived from the original on June 4, 2007. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
  4. ^ "Parícutin, Mexico". Volcano World. Archived from the original on February 6, 2012. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
  5. ^ "Parícutin: The Birth of a Volcano". Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
  6. ^ Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 194. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
  7. ^ Copeland, B. Jack, ed. (2006). Colossus: the Secrets of Bletchley Park's Codebreaking Computers. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284055-4.
  8. ^ Caidin, Martin (1978) [1966]. The Ragged, Rugged Warriors. Bantam. p. 37. The American and Australian planes swept up and down the Bismarck Sea, shooting at any sign of life. Cannon shells and streams of bullets tore into Japanese on life rafts.
  9. ^ Mallison, Sally V.; Mallison, W. Thomas. Roberson, Horace B., Jr. (ed.). "Chapter IX, Naval Targeting: Lawful Objects of Attack". International Law Studies. 64: 257. Once the ships were sunk, the U.S. Armed Forces followed practices, much criticized when the offenders were German or Japanese, of killing as many of the helpless survivors in the water as possible.
  10. ^ Chary, Frederick B. (1972). The Bulgarian Jews and the Final Solution, 1940–1944. University of Pittsburgh Press. ISBN 978-0-8229-3251-2.
  11. ^ Rohwer, J.; Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 196. ISBN 1-55750-105-X.
  12. ^ "HMS Thunderbolt (N 25)". uboat.net. Retrieved October 21, 2010.
  13. ^ Warren, C. E. T.; Benson, James (1958). "The Admiralty regrets ...": the story of His Majesty's submarine Thetis and Thunderbolt. London: Harrap.
  14. ^ Hofmann, Albert. "LSD — My Problem Child". The Psychedelic Library. Retrieved January 19, 2020.
  15. ^ Bombing of Aberdeen, news.stv.tv; accessed December 6, 2014.
  16. ^ "Los Angeles Zoot Suit Riots". Los Angeles Almanac.
  17. ^ Cosgrove, Ben (June 18, 2014). "Hatred on the Home Front: The Detroit Race Riots During WWII". Time Life. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  18. ^ Arad, Yitzhak (1999). Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka: The Operation Reinhard Death Camps. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. p. 371. ISBN 0-253-21305-3.
  19. ^ "Belzec". Holocaust Encyclopedia. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  20. ^ "Badolgio Declares Rome An 'Open City', Pittsburgh Press, August 15, 1943, p. 1
  21. ^ Muggenthaler, August Karl (1977). German Raiders of WWII. Prentice-Hall. p. 276. ISBN 0-13-354027-8.
  22. ^ "HMS Eclipse, destroyer". naval-history.net. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  23. ^ Tomblin, Barbara (2004). With Utmost Spirit: Allied Naval Operations in the Mediterranean, 1942–1945. University Press of Kentucky. pp. 308–310.
  24. ^ Jackson, Carlton (1997). Forgotten Tragedy: The Sinking of HMT Rohna. Naval Institute Press.
  25. ^ United States Geological Survey (September 4, 2009). "PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog" (Version 2008_06.1 ed.). USGS.
  26. ^ Infield, Glenn B. (1967). Disaster at Bari.
  27. ^ "December 3rd, 1943". Archived from the original on March 10, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2013.
  28. ^ Mann, Chris (2012). British Policy and Strategy towards Norway, 1941–45. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 34–35.
  29. ^ "British Sink Scharnhorst". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 27, 1943. p. 1.
  30. ^ "Year by Year 1943" – History Channel International.
  31. ^ [Schriften der Königsberger Gelehrten-Gesellschaft: Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse; 18,2 (trans: "Writings of the Königsberg Scholarly Society: Spiritual Scientific Class No. 18.2")]: (Halle ["Halle an der Saale"]: M. Niemeyer, 1943.)
  32. ^ Elizabeth A. Brennan; Elizabeth C. Clarage (1999). Who's who of Pulitzer Prize Winners. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 323. ISBN 978-1-57356-111-2.
  33. ^ Sharon Davis (1997). The Sixties. Mainstream. p. 184. ISBN 978-1-85158-836-7.
  34. ^ Steve Hochman (1999). Popular Musicians. Salem Press. p. 263. ISBN 978-0-89356-987-7.
  35. ^ "Obituary: Ian Dunn". The Independent. March 21, 1998.
  36. ^ ’60s icon Ronnie Spector, who sang ‘Be My Baby,’ dies at 78
  37. ^ "Sylvester McCoy". BFI. Retrieved January 9, 2022.
  38. ^ "Benvenuti, Giacomo". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (in Italian). Vol. 8. 1966. Retrieved October 20, 2021.
  39. ^ [https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/laurence-binyon Laurence Binyon 1869–1943]
  40. ^ Simon Kuper (2012). Ajax, the Dutch, the War; The Strange Tale of Soccer During Europe's Darkest Hour
  41. ^ J.O.H. Jesperson (1860-1943)
  42. ^ "Henri Fertet". Musée de l'Ordre de la Libération (in French). Retrieved December 1, 2019.
  43. ^ Johan Ludwig Mowinckel
  44. ^ Great Parons Series

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Wallace Shawn at Pen America/Free Expression Literature, May 2014. © Ed Lederman/PEN American Center
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Barry Manilow live at the Xcel Energy Center in St. Paul, MN.
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Photo of John Denver from a television special where he served as the program's narrator.
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Photograph of the breached Möhne Dam taken by Flying Officer Jerry Fray of No. 542 Squadron from his Spitfire PR IX, six Barrage balloons are above the dam
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Director David Cronenberg on the red carpet at the 32nd Annual Genie Awards, Toronto, Canada.
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Doris "Dorie" Miller, Mess Attendant Second Class, USN (1919-1943) just after being presented with the Navy Cross by Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, on board USS Enterprise (CV-6) at Pearl Harbor, 27 May 1942. The medal was awarded for heroism on board USS West Virginia (BB-48) during the Pearl Harbor Attack, 7 December 1941. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.
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Franklin D. Roosevelt, Chiang Kai-shek, and Winston Churchill at the Cairo Conference, 1943.
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Trade ad for Randy Newman's album Sail Away.

To better adapt it to his respective Wikipedia article, the ad was cropped and cleaned in a graphics editing program. The original can be viewed at the source below.
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René Préval (*1943), President of Haiti (1996-2001, 2006-), in Brasília, March 11th, 2006.
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Karl Landsteiner (June 14, 1868 – June 26, 1943)

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Princess Christina, Mrs. Magnuson on the way to the castle church at the Royal Palace in Stockholm before the wedding between Princess Madeleine and Christopher O'Neill 8 June 2013.
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Denis Sassou Nguesso
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Joni Mitchell, performing in 1983
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Carlos Blanco Galindo - 32nd President of Bolivia
Bombing of Hamburg.ogg

This is Video (Ogg Theora) This is Video (Ogg Theora)

During World War II, and especially in july/august 1943, Hamburg, Germany was severely damaged by aerial bombardment, with some 55,000 people killed.
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picture of Prime Minister Rida Pasha al-Rikabi, the first post-Ottoman Prime Minister of Syria.1918 to 1920
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Author R. L. Stine at the 2008 Texas Book Festival, Austin, Texas, United States.
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Photo of Mother Caridad Brader, founder of the Franciscan Congregation of Mary Immaculate, located in the Santa Clara Normal Superior School
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Joe Pesci in 2009.
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German occupied Poland. A column of captive Jews march with bundles down the main thoroughfare in Krakow during the liquidation of the Krakow Ghetto. SS guards oversee the deportation action to the extermination camps.
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Robbie Robertson performing on stage at the Crossroads Guitar Festival 2007
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Fats Waller, three-quarter length portrait, seated at piano, facing front.
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Baltimore,Md. First Mariner Arena. I have lots of other front row pics. Mick is hard to get cause he's always moving around. email me if you'd like some more of my works.
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Foografía de Agustín Pedro Justo.
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Author/Creator:

Design of the medal: The Nobel Foundation. Sculptor and engraver: Erik Lindberg (1902).

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This image is a version of a photograph of one side (the front side) of the 1947 Nobel Prize Medal in Physics presented to Sir Edward Victor Appleton by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on display at the University of Edinburgh. The Medal was on display in Appleton Tower, University of Edinburgh, where it was photographed by David Monniaux, who uploaded his digitized photograph to Wikipedia in 2005. It is a photograph of the "front side" of the medal that Appleton received, not the "back side," which is specific to the medals for Physics and Chemistry.

Note that the Economics prize uses a different medal, see [1].

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Photograph of Joseph Gordon Coates in 1931.
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นายกรัฐมนตรี และภริยา เข้าเฝ้าทูลละอองพระบาท สมเด็จพระเทพรัตนราชสุดาฯ สยามบรมราชกุมารี ในงานพระราชทานเลี้ยงอาหารค่ำแก่ผู้ได้รับพระราชทานรางวัลสมเด็จเจ้าฟ้ามหิดล ประจำปี 2553 และกล่าวเชิญชวนดื่มถวายพระพร ณ พระที่นั่งบรมราชสถิตยมโหฬาร ในพระบรมมหาราชวัง วันพุธ ที่ 26 มกราคม พ.ศ.2554 (Photographer attached to the Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Thailand : Peerapat Wimolrungkarat / พีรพัฒน์ วิมลรังครัตน์) @is50mm
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Sergei Rachmaninoff, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly right
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Eric Idle after the Monty Python Live (Mostly) show.
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Kazimierz Junosza-Stępowski w sztuce K.H.Rostworowskiego Kajus Cezar Kaligula - w roli tytułowej
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Conductor Sir John Eliot Gardiner at rehearsal in Wrocław (Poland) during the Wratislavia Cantans Festival - Photo taken by Maciej Schumacher (Goździelewski)
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David Hilbert, wearing a dashing hat
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Photo of actress Sharon Tate from the 1967 film Valley of the Dolls.
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Official Portrait of PM Gyula Peidl
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Rumäniendeutscher Autor, Journalist und Politiker
Nazaria.jpg
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Nazaria Ignacia March Mesa
Quebec conference 1943.png
Rt. Hon. Mackenzie King, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Rt. Hon. Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference
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O presidente da Alemanha, Horst Köhler, em Brasília.
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Władysław Sikorski, Polish commander in chief and prime minister during World War II
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First hand drawn flag of Lebanon. Flag as drawn and approved by the members of the Lebanese Parliament during the declaration of independence in 1943.
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Christopher Walken in February 2008
Stroop Report - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 08.jpg
Original or archival image caption, which may be erroneous, biased, obsolete or politically extreme.
German: Diese Banditen verteidigten sich mit der Waffe
These bandits offered armed resistance
title QS:P1476,de:"Diese Banditen verteidigten sich mit der Waffe"
label QS:Lde,"Diese Banditen verteidigten sich mit der Waffe"
label QS:Lfr,"Ces bandits ont résisté par les armes"
label QS:Lcs,"Tito bandité vzdorovali silou zbraní"
label QS:Len,"These bandits offered armed resistance"
label QS:Leo,"Tiuj cxi banditoj rezistis per forto de armiloj"
label QS:Lpl,"Ci bandyci stawiali zbrojny opór"
Evstafiev-ratko-mladic-1993-w.jpg
(c) I, Evstafiev, CC-BY-SA-3.0
General Ratko Mladić during UN-mediated talks at Sarajevo airport in 1993.
Taj aldin.jpg
Taj aldin alhusni: 3rd prisedent of syria / President Taj al-Din al-Hasani inspecting the Guard of Honor on November 2,1941.
SC180476.jpg

During the Allied invasion of Sicily the Liberty ship Robert Rowan (K-40) explodes after being hit by a German Ju 88 bomber off of Gela, Sicily (Italy), on (11 July 1943).

Robert Rowan was built at the North Carolina Shipbuilding Company, Wilmington, North Carolina (USA). She was laid down on 3 March 1943, launched 6 April, and delivered to the Isthmain Steamship Company on 13 April. Her maiden voyage started on 14 May 1943 at Hampton Roads, Virginia (USA) to Oran (Algeria) as part of convoy UGS-8A. She was sent on to Gela, Sicily (Italy) to support the invasion of Sicily ("Operation Husky"). She arrived at Gela 11 July 1943 with a cargo of ammunition and 334 soldiers of the 18th Infantry. She also carried 14 U.S. Navy personnel, 32 U.S. Navy armed guards, and 41 crewmen. Just before 14:00 hrs German Junkers Ju 88 bombers appeared overhead and attacked the ships in the bay. During the attack the Rowan was hit by three 500 kg bombs. One bomb passed through the ship, but the other two exploded in the holds. Because of the nature of the cargo the ship was abandoned without any attempt to put the fire out. All 421 men on board safely evacuated the ship and were picked up by PT boats and transferred to nearby destroyers. Within twenty minutes the fire reached her munitions with a tremendous explosion tearing the ship in half. The burning ship came to rest on an even keel and burned for two days. The destroyer USS McLanahan (DD-615) tried to sink the ship because the fires lit up the area during the night, but this failed as the water was too shallow. The hulk lay in the waters off Gela until 1948 when it was sold and scrapped.
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