1930 United States census

Fifteenth census
of the United States

April 1, 1930

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
1930 census Norton Carr.jpg
Population Schedule Robert (Bob) Barker - South Dakota's Indian Census Roll; April 1, 1930.jpg
Indian Census Roll
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population122,775,046 (Increase 13.7%)
Most populous ​stateNew York
12,588,066
Least populous ​stateNevada
91,058

The United States census of 1930, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 census.

Census questions

The 1930 census collected the following information:[1]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • home owned or rented
    • if owned, value of home
    • if rented, monthly rent
  • whether owned a radio set
  • whether on a farm
  • sex
  • race
  • age
  • marital status and, if married, age at first marriage
  • school attendance
  • literacy
  • birthplace of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born:
    • language spoken at home before coming to the U. S.
    • year of immigration
    • whether naturalized
    • ability to speak English
  • occupation, industry and class of worker
  • whether at work previous day (or last regular work day)
  • veteran status
  • if Indian:
    • whether of full or mixed blood
    • tribal affiliation

Full documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949, after which the original sheets were destroyed.[2] The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, and available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1930 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1930 census[3]
Population as of
1920 census
ChangePercent
change
1 New York12,588,06610,385,2272,202,839 Increase21.2% Increase
2 Pennsylvania9,631,3508,720,017911,333 Increase10.5% Increase
3 Illinois7,630,6546,485,2801,145,374 Increase17.7% Increase
4 Ohio6,646,6975,759,394887,303 Increase15.4% Increase
5 Texas5,824,7154,663,2281,161,487 Increase24.9% Increase
6 California5,677,2513,426,8612,250,390 Increase65.7% Increase
7 Michigan4,842,3253,668,4121,173,913 Increase32.0% Increase
8 Massachusetts4,249,6143,852,356397,258 Increase10.3% Increase
9 New Jersey4,041,3343,155,900885,434 Increase28.1% Increase
10 Missouri3,629,3673,404,055225,312 Increase6.6% Increase
11 Indiana3,238,5032,930,390308,113 Increase10.5% Increase
12 North Carolina3,170,2762,559,123611,153 Increase23.9% Increase
13 Wisconsin2,939,0062,632,067306,939 Increase11.7% Increase
14 Georgia2,908,5062,895,83212,674 Increase0.4% Increase
15 Alabama2,646,2482,348,174298,074 Increase12.7% Increase
16 Tennessee2,616,5562,337,885278,671 Increase11.9% Increase
17 Kentucky2,614,5892,416,630197,959 Increase8.2% Increase
18 Minnesota2,563,9532,387,125176,828 Increase7.4% Increase
19 Iowa2,470,9392,404,02166,918 Increase2.8% Increase
20 Virginia2,421,8512,309,187112,664 Increase4.9% Increase
21 Oklahoma2,396,0402,028,283367,757 Increase18.1% Increase
22 Louisiana2,101,5931,798,509303,084 Increase16.9% Increase
23 Mississippi2,009,8211,790,618219,203 Increase12.2% Increase
24 Kansas1,880,9991,769,257111,742 Increase6.3% Increase
25 Arkansas1,854,4821,752,204102,278 Increase5.8% Increase
26 South Carolina1,738,7651,683,72455,041 Increase3.3% Increase
27 West Virginia1,729,2051,463,701265,504 Increase18.1% Increase
28 Maryland1,631,5261,449,661181,865 Increase12.5% Increase
29 Connecticut1,606,9031,380,631226,272 Increase16.4% Increase
30 Washington1,563,3961,356,621206,775 Increase15.2% Increase
31 Florida1,468,211968,470499,741 Increase51.6% Increase
32 Nebraska1,377,9631,296,37281,591 Increase6.3% Increase
33 Colorado1,035,791939,62996,162 Increase10.2% Increase
34 Oregon953,786783,389170,397 Increase21.8% Increase
35 Maine797,423768,01429,409 Increase3.8% Increase
36 South Dakota692,849636,54756,302 Increase8.8% Increase
37 Rhode Island687,497604,39783,100 Increase13.7% Increase
38 North Dakota680,845646,87233,973 Increase5.3% Increase
39 Montana537,606548,889-11,283 Decrease-2.1% Decrease
40 Utah507,847449,39658,451 Increase13.0% Increase
 District of Columbia486,869437,57149,298 Increase11.3% Increase
41 New Hampshire465,293443,08322,210 Increase5.0% Increase
42 Idaho445,032431,86613,166 Increase3.0% Increase
43 Arizona435,573334,162101,411 Increase30.3% Increase
44 New Mexico423,317360,35062,967 Increase17.5% Increase
 Hawaii368,300255,881112,419 Increase43.9% Increase
45 Vermont359,611352,4287,183 Increase2.0% Increase
46 Delaware238,380223,00315,377 Increase6.9% Increase
47 Wyoming225,565194,40231,163 Increase16.0% Increase
48 Nevada91,05877,40713,651 Increase17.6% Increase
 Alaska59,27855,0364,242 Increase7.7% Increase

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation[4]Region (2016)[5]
01New YorkNew York6,930,446Northeast
02ChicagoIllinois3,376,438Midwest
03PhiladelphiaPennsylvania1,950,961Northeast
04DetroitMichigan1,568,662Midwest
05Los AngelesCalifornia1,238,048West
06ClevelandOhio900,429Midwest
07St. LouisMissouri821,960Midwest
08BaltimoreMaryland804,874South
09BostonMassachusetts781,188Northeast
10PittsburghPennsylvania669,817Northeast
11San FranciscoCalifornia634,394West
12MilwaukeeWisconsin578,249Midwest
13BuffaloNew York573,076Northeast
14WashingtonDistrict of Columbia486,869South
15MinneapolisMinnesota464,356Midwest
16New OrleansLouisiana458,762South
17CincinnatiOhio451,160Midwest
18NewarkNew Jersey442,337Northeast
19Kansas CityMissouri399,746Midwest
20SeattleWashington365,583West
21IndianapolisIndiana364,161Midwest
22RochesterNew York328,132Northeast
23Jersey CityNew Jersey316,715Northeast
24LouisvilleKentucky307,745South
25PortlandOregon301,815West
26HoustonTexas292,352South
27ToledoOhio290,718Midwest
28ColumbusOhio290,564Midwest
29DenverColorado287,861West
30OaklandCalifornia284,063West
31Saint PaulMinnesota271,606Midwest
32AtlantaGeorgia270,366South
33DallasTexas260,475South
34BirminghamAlabama259,678South
35AkronOhio255,040Midwest
36MemphisTennessee253,143South
37ProvidenceRhode Island252,981Northeast
38San AntonioTexas231,542South
39OmahaNebraska214,006Midwest
40SyracuseNew York209,326Northeast
41DaytonOhio200,982Midwest
42WorcesterMassachusetts195,311Northeast
43Oklahoma CityOklahoma185,389South
44RichmondVirginia182,929South
45YoungstownOhio170,002Midwest
46Grand RapidsMichigan168,592Midwest
47HartfordConnecticut164,072Northeast
48Fort WorthTexas163,447South
49New HavenConnecticut162,655Northeast
50FlintMichigan156,492Midwest
51NashvilleTennessee153,866South
52SpringfieldMassachusetts149,900Northeast
53San DiegoCalifornia147,995West
54BridgeportConnecticut146,716Northeast
55ScrantonPennsylvania143,433Northeast
56Des MoinesIowa142,559Midwest
57Long BeachCalifornia142,032West
58TulsaOklahoma141,258South
59Salt Lake CityUtah140,267West
60PatersonNew Jersey138,513Northeast
61YonkersNew York134,646Northeast
62NorfolkVirginia129,710South
63JacksonvilleFlorida129,549South
64AlbanyNew York127,412Northeast
65TrentonNew Jersey123,356Northeast
66Kansas CityKansas121,857Midwest
67ChattanoogaTennessee119,798South
68CamdenNew Jersey118,700Northeast
69EriePennsylvania115,967Northeast
70SpokaneWashington115,514West
71Fall RiverMassachusetts115,274Northeast
72Fort WayneIndiana114,946Midwest
73ElizabethNew Jersey114,589Northeast
74CambridgeMassachusetts113,643Northeast
75New BedfordMassachusetts112,597Northeast
76ReadingPennsylvania111,171Northeast
77WichitaKansas111,110Midwest
78MiamiFlorida110,637South
79TacomaWashington106,817West
80WilmingtonDelaware106,597South
81KnoxvilleTennessee105,802South
82PeoriaIllinois104,969Midwest
83CantonOhio104,906Midwest
84South BendIndiana104,193Midwest
85SomervilleMassachusetts103,908Northeast
86El PasoTexas102,421South
87LynnMassachusetts102,320Northeast
88EvansvilleIndiana102,249Midwest
89UticaNew York101,740Northeast
90DuluthMinnesota101,463Midwest
91TampaFlorida101,161South
92GaryIndiana100,426Midwest
93LowellMassachusetts100,234Northeast
94WaterburyConnecticut99,902Northeast
95SchenectadyNew York95,692Northeast
96SacramentoCalifornia93,750West
97AllentownPennsylvania92,563Northeast
98BayonneNew Jersey88,979Northeast
99Wilkes-BarrePennsylvania86,626Northeast
100RockfordIllinois85,864Midwest

Notes

  1. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  2. ^ The United States National Archives and Records Administration. "FAQs about the 1930 Census". National Archives website. Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  3. ^ "1930 Census: Volume 1. Population, Number and Distribution of Inhabitants". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 26, 2017. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
  4. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  5. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

External links

Media files used on this page

Flag of Ohio.svg
The flag of the U.S. state of Ohio, officially known as the "Ohio Burgee"
Flag of California.svg
Flag of California. This version is designed to accurately depict the standard print of the bear as well as adhere to the official flag code regarding the size, position and proportion of the bear, the colors of the flag, and the position and size of the star.
Flag of Oregon.svg
Flag of Oregon (obverse): The flag was adopted by the state on February 26, 1925.[1] The state seal was decided in 1903.[2][3]
Flag of New Mexico.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of Nevada.svg
Flag of the State of Nevada. The flag is described in Nevada Revised Statutes Chapter 235, Sec. 20 as follows: The body of the flag must be of solid cobalt blue. On the field in the upper left quarter thereof must be two sprays of Sagebrush with the stems crossed at the bottom to form a half wreath. Within the sprays must be a five-pointed silver star with one point up. The word “Nevada” must also be inscribed below the star and above the sprays, in a semicircular pattern with the letters spaced apart in equal increments, in the same style of letters as the words “Battle Born.” Above the wreath, and touching the tips thereof, must be a scroll bearing the words “Battle Born.” The scroll and the word “Nevada” must be golden-yellow. The lettering on the scroll must be black-colored sans serif gothic capital letters.
Flag of Alaska.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of Alaska
Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
Seal of the United States Census Bureau. The blazon is defined here as:

On a shield an open book beneath which is a lamp of knowledge emitting rays above in base two crossed quills. Around the whole a wreath of single leaves, surrounded by an outer band bearing between two stars the words "U.S. Department of Commerce" in the upper portion and "Bureau of the Census" in the lower portion, the lettering concentric with an inner beaded rim and an outer dentilated rim.

1930 census Norton Carr.jpg
*1930 US Census, New Jersey:
  • Enumeration District 115, Sheet 10B, Line 61-64, Image 20/55
  • 61 Clendenny Avenue, Jersey City, Hudson County, New Jersey, USA

Household

  • Sarah Norton, head, age 55
  • Catherine Norton, daughter, age 30 [sic]
  • James Norton, head, age 34, m. age 34, jeweler
  • Helen Norton, wife, age 30, m. age 30

Household Interpreted

Source

US Census, New Jersey, 1930
Flag of Kansas (1927-1961).svg
Flag of Kansas, 1927—1961
Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg
Flag of Montana, 1905—1981
Flag of Minnesota (1893–1957).svg
Flag of Minnesota (1893-1957).
Flag of the State of Georgia (1920–1956).svg
Flag of the State of Georgia (1920-1956)
Flag of South Dakota (1909-1963).svg
Flag of South Dakota in 1909 — 1963
Flag of Oklahoma (1925–1941).svg
Flag of Oklahoma, 1925—1941
Flag of Utah (1913–1922).png
Flag of Utah (1913–1922)
Flag of North Carolina (1885–1991).svg
Flag of North Carolina, 1885–1991
Flag of Wisconsin (1913–1981).svg
Flag of Wisconsin (1913-1981)
Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg
A former flag of the State of Florida with St Patrick's Saltire, used from 1900 to 1985.
Flag of Illinois (1915-1969).svg
Flag of Illinois, 1915-1969 (1970)
Flag of New Hampshire (1909-1931).png
Flag of New Hampshire (1909-1931)