1920 United States census

Fourteenth census
of the United States

January 5, 1920

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population106,021,537 (Increase 15.0%)
Most populous ​stateNew York
10,385,227
Least populous ​stateNevada
77,407

The United States census of 1920, conducted by the Census Bureau during one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 census.

Despite the constitutional requirement that House seats be reapportioned to the states respective of their population every ten years according to the census, members of Congress failed to agree on a reapportionment plan following this census, and the distribution of seats from the 1910 census remained in effect until 1933. In 1929, Congress passed the Reapportionment Act of 1929 which provided for a permanent method of reapportionment and fixed the number of Representatives at 435.

This was the first census in which a state – New York – recorded a population of more than ten million.

This census also marked a significant population shift from rural to urban. According to the Census Bureau, "Beginning in 1910, the minimum population threshold to be categorized as an urban place was set at 2,500. "Urban" was defined as including all territory, persons, and housing units within an incorporated area that met the population threshold. The 1920 census marked the first time in which over 50 percent of the U.S. population was defined as urban."[1]

Census questions

The 1920 census collected the following information:[2]

  • Age
  • single
  • If foreign born, year of immigration to the U.S., whether naturalized and, if so, year of naturalization
  • School attendance
  • Literacy
  • State of residence
  • If foreign-born, the mother tongue
  • Ability to speak English
  • Occupation, industry, and class of worker
  • Whether home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether free or mortgaged

Full documentation for the 1920 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1920 census
Population as of
1910 census
ChangePercent
change
1 New York10,385,2279,113,6141,271,613 Increase14.0% Increase
2 Pennsylvania8,720,0177,665,1111,054,906 Increase13.8% Increase
3 Illinois6,485,2805,638,591846,689 Increase15.0% Increase
4 Ohio5,759,3944,767,121992,273 Increase20.8% Increase
5 Texas4,663,2283,896,542766,686 Increase19.7% Increase
6 Massachusetts3,852,3563,366,416485,940 Increase14.4% Increase
7 Michigan3,668,4122,810,173858,239 Increase30.5% Increase
8 California3,426,8612,377,5491,049,312 Increase44.1% Increase
9 Missouri3,404,0553,293,335110,720 Increase3.4% Increase
10 New Jersey3,155,9002,537,167618,733 Increase24.4% Increase
11 Indiana2,930,3902,700,876229,514 Increase8.5% Increase
12 Georgia2,895,8322,609,121286,711 Increase11.0% Increase
13 Wisconsin2,632,0672,333,860298,207 Increase12.8% Increase
14 North Carolina2,559,1232,206,287352,836 Increase16.0% Increase
15 Kentucky2,416,6302,289,905126,725 Increase5.5% Increase
16 Iowa2,404,0212,224,771179,250 Increase8.1% Increase
17 Minnesota2,387,1252,075,708311,417 Increase15.0% Increase
18 Alabama2,348,1742,138,093210,081 Increase9.8% Increase
19 Tennessee2,337,8852,184,789153,096 Increase7.0% Increase
20 Virginia2,309,1872,061,612247,575 Increase12.0% Increase
21 Oklahoma2,028,2831,657,155371,128 Increase22.4% Increase
22 Louisiana1,798,5091,656,388142,121 Increase8.6% Increase
23 Mississippi1,790,6181,797,114-6,496 Decrease-0.4% Decrease
24 Kansas1,769,2571,690,94978,308 Increase4.6% Increase
25 Arkansas1,752,2041,574,449177,755 Increase11.3% Increase
26 South Carolina1,683,7241,515,400168,324 Increase11.1% Increase
27 West Virginia1,463,7011,221,119242,582 Increase19.9% Increase
28 Maryland1,449,6611,295,346154,315 Increase11.9% Increase
29 Connecticut1,380,6311,114,756265,875 Increase23.9% Increase
30 Washington1,356,6211,141,990214,631 Increase18.8% Increase
31 Nebraska1,296,3721,192,214104,158 Increase8.7% Increase
32 Florida968,470752,619215,851 Increase28.7% Increase
33 Colorado939,629799,024140,605 Increase17.6% Increase
34 Oregon783,389672,765110,624 Increase16.4% Increase
35 Maine768,014742,37125,643 Increase3.5% Increase
36 North Dakota646,872577,05669,816 Increase12.1% Increase
37 South Dakota636,547583,88852,659 Increase9.0% Increase
38 Rhode Island604,397542,61061,787 Increase11.4% Increase
39 Montana548,889376,053172,836 Increase46.0% Increase
40 Utah449,396373,35176,045 Increase20.4% Increase
41 New Hampshire443,083430,57212,511 Increase2.9% Increase
- District of Columbia437,571331,069106,502 Increase32.2% Increase
42 Idaho431,866325,594106,272 Increase32.6% Increase
43 New Mexico360,350327,30133,049 Increase10.1% Increase
44 Vermont352,428355,956-3,528 Decrease-1.0% Decrease
45 Arizona334,162204,354129,808 Increase63.5% Increase
- Hawaii255,881191,87464,007 Increase33.4% Increase
46 Delaware223,003202,32220,681 Increase10.2% Increase
47 Wyoming194,402145,96548,437 Increase33.2% Increase
48 Nevada77,40781,875-4,468 Decrease-5.5% Decrease
- Alaska55,03664,356-9,320 Decrease-14.5% Decrease

Territories

United States Territories
Year of conquest or purchaseTerritoryPopulation
1867Alaska55,036
1898Hawaii255,881
1898Puerto Rico1,299,809
1898Guam13,275
1898Philippine Islands10,314,310
1899American Samoa
1903Panama Canal Zone
1915Haiti
1916Santo Domingo894,652
1916US Virgin Islands

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation[3]Region (2016)[4]
01New YorkNew York5,620,048Northeast
02ChicagoIllinois2,701,705Midwest
03PhiladelphiaPennsylvania1,823,779Northeast
04DetroitMichigan993,078Midwest
05ClevelandOhio796,841Midwest
06St. LouisMissouri772,897Midwest
07BostonMassachusetts748,060Northeast
08BaltimoreMaryland733,826South
09PittsburghPennsylvania588,343Northeast
10Los AngelesCalifornia576,673West
11BuffaloNew York506,775Northeast
12San FranciscoCalifornia506,676West
13MilwaukeeWisconsin457,147Midwest
14WashingtonDistrict of Columbia437,571South
15NewarkNew Jersey414,524Northeast
16CincinnatiOhio401,247Midwest
17New OrleansLouisiana387,219South
18MinneapolisMinnesota380,582Midwest
19Kansas CityMissouri324,410Midwest
20SeattleWashington315,312West
21IndianapolisIndiana314,194Midwest
22Jersey CityNew Jersey298,103Northeast
23RochesterNew York295,750Northeast
24PortlandOregon258,288West
25DenverColorado256,491West
26ToledoOhio243,164Midwest
27ProvidenceRhode Island237,595Northeast
28ColumbusOhio237,031Midwest
29LouisvilleKentucky234,891South
30Saint PaulMinnesota234,698Midwest
31OaklandCalifornia216,261West
32AkronOhio208,435Midwest
33AtlantaGeorgia200,616South
34OmahaNebraska191,601Midwest
35WorcesterMassachusetts179,754Northeast
36BirminghamAlabama178,806South
37SyracuseNew York171,717Northeast
38RichmondVirginia171,667South
39New HavenConnecticut162,537Northeast
40MemphisTennessee162,351South
41San AntonioTexas161,379South
42DallasTexas158,976South
43DaytonOhio152,559Midwest
44BridgeportConnecticut143,555Northeast
45HoustonTexas138,276South
46HartfordConnecticut138,036Northeast
47ScrantonPennsylvania137,783Northeast
48Grand RapidsMichigan137,634Midwest
49PatersonNew Jersey135,875Northeast
50YoungstownOhio132,358Midwest
51SpringfieldMassachusetts129,614Northeast
52Des MoinesIowa126,468Midwest
53New BedfordMassachusetts121,217Northeast
54Fall RiverMassachusetts120,485Northeast
55TrentonNew Jersey119,289Northeast
56NashvilleTennessee118,342South
57Salt Lake CityUtah118,110West
58CamdenNew Jersey116,309Northeast
59NorfolkVirginia115,777South
60AlbanyNew York113,344Northeast
61LowellMassachusetts112,759Northeast
62WilmingtonDelaware110,168South
63CambridgeMassachusetts109,694Northeast
64ReadingPennsylvania107,784Northeast
65Fort WorthTexas106,482South
66SpokaneWashington104,437West
67Kansas CityKansas101,177Midwest
68YonkersNew York100,176Northeast
69LynnMassachusetts99,148Northeast
70DuluthMinnesota98,917Midwest
71TacomaWashington96,965West
72ElizabethNew Jersey95,783Northeast
73LawrenceMassachusetts94,270Northeast
74UticaNew York94,156Northeast
75EriePennsylvania93,372Northeast
76SomervilleMassachusetts93,091Northeast
77WaterburyConnecticut91,715Northeast
78FlintMichigan91,599Midwest
79JacksonvilleFlorida91,558South
80Oklahoma CityOklahoma91,295South
81SchenectadyNew York88,723Northeast
82CantonOhio87,091Midwest
83Fort WayneIndiana86,549Midwest
84EvansvilleIndiana85,264Midwest
85SavannahGeorgia83,252South
86ManchesterNew Hampshire78,384Northeast
87St. JosephMissouri77,939Midwest
88KnoxvilleTennessee77,818South
89El PasoTexas77,560South
90BayonneNew Jersey76,754Northeast
91PeoriaIllinois76,121Midwest
92HarrisburgPennsylvania75,917Northeast
93San DiegoCalifornia74,683West
94Wilkes-BarrePennsylvania73,833Northeast
95AllentownPennsylvania73,502Northeast
96WichitaKansas72,217Midwest
97TulsaOklahoma72,075South
98TroyNew York71,996Northeast
99Sioux CityIowa71,227Midwest
100South BendIndiana70,983Midwest

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s, after which the original sheets were destroyed.[5] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1920 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

Notes

  1. ^ "History: Urban and Rural". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. pp. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  4. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  5. ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.

External links

Media files used on this page

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
Seal of the United States Census Bureau. The blazon is defined here as:

On a shield an open book beneath which is a lamp of knowledge emitting rays above in base two crossed quills. Around the whole a wreath of single leaves, surrounded by an outer band bearing between two stars the words "U.S. Department of Commerce" in the upper portion and "Bureau of the Census" in the lower portion, the lettering concentric with an inner beaded rim and an outer dentilated rim.

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Flag of Illinois, 1915-1969 (1970)
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The flag of the U.S. state of Ohio, officially known as the "Ohio Burgee"
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Flag of California. This version is designed to accurately depict the standard print of the bear as well as adhere to the official flag code regarding the size, position and proportion of the bear, the colors of the flag, and the position and size of the star.
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Flag of Wisconsin (1913-1981)
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Flag of North Carolina, 1885–1991
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Flag of Minnesota (1893-1957).
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Flag of the US State of Oklahoma from 1911 to 1925.
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First official flag of the State of Arkansas
Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg
A former flag of the State of Florida with St Patrick's Saltire, used from 1900 to 1985.
Flag of Florida (1900–1985).svg
A former flag of the State of Florida with St Patrick's Saltire, used from 1900 to 1985.
Flag of Oregon.svg
Flag of Oregon (obverse): The flag was adopted by the state on February 26, 1925.[1] The state seal was decided in 1903.[2][3]
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Flag of South Dakota in 1909 — 1963
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Flag of Montana, 1905—1981
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Flag of Utah (1913–1922)
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Flag of New Hampshire (1909-1931)
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Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
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Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of Alaska
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Flag of West Virginia (1907-1929)
Flag of the State of Georgia (1920–1956).svg
Flag of the State of Georgia (1920-1956)
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Flag of Montana, 1905—1981
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(c) Zscout370, CC BY-SA 3.0
First official flag of the State of Arkansas
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Flag of South Dakota in 1909 — 1963
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Flag of Illinois, 1915-1969 (1970)