1900 United States census

Twelfth census of the United States

June 1, 1900

1900 census Kershaw Lindauer.gif
Example of Population Schedule from the 1900 census
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population76,212,168 (Increase 21.01%)
Most populous ​stateNew York
7,268,894
Least populous ​stateNevada
42,335

The United States census of 1900, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900,[1] determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.01% from the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 census.

The census saw the nation's largest city, New York City, more than double in size due to the consolidation with Brooklyn, becoming in the process the first U.S. city to record a population growth of over three million.

Census questions

The 1900 census collected the following information:[2]

  • address
  • name
  • relationship to head of family
  • sex
  • race (listed as "Color or race" on the census)
  • age, month and year born
  • marital status and, if married, number of years married
  • for women, number of children born and number now living
  • place of birth of person, and their parents
  • if foreign born, year of immigration and whether naturalized
  • occupation
  • months not employed
  • school
  • ability to speak English
  • whether on a farm farmer
  • home owned or rented, and, if owned, whether mortgaged

Full documentation for the 1900 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s, after which the original sheets were destroyed.[3] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1900 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1900 census
Population as of
1890 census
ChangePercent
change
1 New York7,268,8945,997,8531,271,041 Increase21.2% Increase
2 Pennsylvania6,302,1155,258,1131,044,002 Increase19.9% Increase
3 Illinois4,821,5503,826,352995,198 Increase26.0% Increase
4 Ohio4,157,5453,672,329485,216 Increase13.2% Increase
5 Missouri3,106,6652,679,185427,480 Increase16.0% Increase
6 Texas3,048,7102,235,527813,183 Increase36.4% Increase
7 Massachusetts2,805,3462,238,947566,399 Increase25.3% Increase
8 Indiana2,516,4622,192,404324,058 Increase14.8% Increase
9 Michigan2,420,9822,093,890327,092 Increase15.6% Increase
10 Iowa2,231,8531,912,297319,556 Increase16.7% Increase
11 Georgia2,216,3311,837,353378,978 Increase20.6% Increase
12 Kentucky2,147,1741,858,635288,539 Increase15.5% Increase
13 Wisconsin2,069,0421,693,330375,712 Increase22.2% Increase
14 Tennessee2,020,6161,767,518253,098 Increase14.3% Increase
15 North Carolina1,893,8101,617,949275,861 Increase17.1% Increase
16 New Jersey1,883,6691,444,933438,736 Increase30.4% Increase
17 Virginia1,854,1841,655,980198,204 Increase12.0% Increase
18 Alabama1,828,6971,513,401315,296 Increase20.8% Increase
19 Minnesota1,751,3941,310,283441,111 Increase33.7% Increase
20 Mississippi1,551,2701,289,600261,670 Increase20.3% Increase
21 California1,485,0531,213,398271,655 Increase22.4% Increase
22 Kansas1,470,4951,428,10842,387 Increase3.0% Increase
23 Louisiana1,381,6251,118,588263,037 Increase23.5% Increase
24 South Carolina1,340,3161,151,149189,167 Increase16.4% Increase
25 Arkansas1,311,5641,128,211183,353 Increase16.3% Increase
26 Maryland1,188,0441,042,390145,654 Increase14.0% Increase
27 Nebraska1,066,3001,062,6563,644 Increase0.3% Increase
28 West Virginia958,800762,794196,006 Increase25.7% Increase
29 Connecticut908,420746,258162,162 Increase21.7% Increase
 Oklahoma790,391258,657531,734 Increase205.6% Increase
30 Maine694,466661,08633,380 Increase5.0% Increase
31 Colorado539,700413,249126,451 Increase30.6% Increase
32 Florida528,542391,422137,120 Increase35.0% Increase
33 Washington518,103357,232160,871 Increase45.0% Increase
34 Rhode Island428,556345,50683,050 Increase24.0% Increase
35 Oregon413,536317,70495,832 Increase30.2% Increase
36 New Hampshire411,588376,53035,058 Increase9.3% Increase
37 South Dakota401,570348,60052,970 Increase15.2% Increase
38 Vermont343,641332,42211,219 Increase3.4% Increase
39 North Dakota319,146190,983128,163 Increase67.1% Increase
 District of Columbia278,718230,39248,326 Increase21.0% Increase
40 Utah276,749210,77965,970 Increase31.3% Increase
41 Montana243,329142,924100,405 Increase70.3% Increase
 New Mexico195,310160,28235,028 Increase21.9% Increase
42 Delaware184,735168,49316,242 Increase9.6% Increase
43 Idaho161,77288,54873,224 Increase82.7% Increase
 Hawaii154,001
 Arizona122,93188,24334,688 Increase39.3% Increase
44 Wyoming92,53162,55529,976 Increase47.9% Increase
 Alaska63,59232,05231,540 Increase98.4% Increase
45 Nevada42,33547,355-5,020 Decrease-10.6% Decrease
 United States76,212,16862,979,76613,232,402 Increase21.0% Increase

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation[4]Region (2016)[5]
01New YorkNew York3,437,202Northeast
02ChicagoIllinois1,698,575Midwest
03PhiladelphiaPennsylvania1,293,697Northeast
04St. LouisMissouri575,238Midwest
05BostonMassachusetts560,892Northeast
06BaltimoreMaryland508,957South
07ClevelandOhio391,768Midwest
08BuffaloNew York352,387Northeast
09San FranciscoCalifornia342,782West
10CincinnatiOhio325,902Midwest
11PittsburghPennsylvania321,616Northeast
12New OrleansLouisiana287,104South
13DetroitMichigan285,704Midwest
14MilwaukeeWisconsin285,315Midwest
15WashingtonDistrict of Columbia278,718South
16NewarkNew Jersey246,070Northeast
17Jersey CityNew Jersey206,433Northeast
18LouisvilleKentucky204,731South
19MinneapolisMinnesota202,718Midwest
20ProvidenceRhode Island175,597Northeast
21IndianapolisIndiana169,164Midwest
22Kansas CityMissouri163,752Midwest
23Saint PaulMinnesota163,065Midwest
24RochesterNew York162,608Northeast
25DenverColorado133,859West
26ToledoOhio131,822Midwest
27AlleghenyPennsylvania129,896Northeast
28ColumbusOhio125,560Midwest
29WorcesterMassachusetts118,421Northeast
30SyracuseNew York108,374Northeast
31New HavenConnecticut108,027Northeast
32PatersonNew Jersey105,171Northeast
33Fall RiverMassachusetts104,863Northeast
34St. JosephMissouri102,979Midwest
35OmahaNebraska102,555Midwest
36Los AngelesCalifornia102,479West
37MemphisTennessee102,320South
38ScrantonPennsylvania102,026Northeast
39LowellMassachusetts94,969Northeast
40AlbanyNew York94,151Northeast
41CambridgeMassachusetts91,886Northeast
42PortlandOregon90,426West
43AtlantaGeorgia89,872South
44Grand RapidsMichigan87,565Midwest
45DaytonOhio85,333Midwest
46RichmondVirginia85,050South
47NashvilleTennessee80,865South
48SeattleWashington80,671West
49HartfordConnecticut79,850Northeast
50ReadingPennsylvania78,961Northeast
51WilmingtonDelaware76,508South
52CamdenNew Jersey75,935Northeast
53TrentonNew Jersey73,307Northeast
54BridgeportConnecticut70,996Northeast
55LynnMassachusetts68,513Northeast
56OaklandCalifornia66,960West
57LawrenceMassachusetts62,559Northeast
58New BedfordMassachusetts62,442Northeast
59Des MoinesIowa62,139Midwest
60SpringfieldMassachusetts62,059Northeast
61SomervilleMassachusetts61,643Northeast
62TroyNew York60,651Northeast
63HobokenNew Jersey59,364Northeast
64EvansvilleIndiana59,007Midwest
65ManchesterNew Hampshire56,987Northeast
66UticaNew York56,383Northeast
67PeoriaIllinois56,100Midwest
68CharlestonSouth Carolina55,807South
69SavannahGeorgia54,244South
70Salt Lake CityUtah53,531West
71San AntonioTexas53,321South
72DuluthMinnesota52,969Midwest
73EriePennsylvania52,733Northeast
74ElizabethNew Jersey52,130Northeast
75Wilkes-BarrePennsylvania51,721Northeast
76Kansas CityKansas51,418Midwest
77HarrisburgPennsylvania50,167Northeast
78PortlandMaine50,145Northeast
79YonkersNew York47,931Northeast
80NorfolkVirginia46,624South
81WaterburyConnecticut45,859Northeast
82HolyokeMassachusetts45,712Northeast
83Fort WayneIndiana45,115Midwest
84YoungstownOhio44,885Midwest
85HoustonTexas44,633South
86CovingtonKentucky42,938South
87AkronOhio42,728Midwest
88DallasTexas42,638South
89SaginawMichigan42,345Midwest
90LancasterPennsylvania41,459Northeast
91LincolnNebraska40,169Midwest
92BrocktonMassachusetts40,063Northeast
93BinghamtonNew York39,647Northeast
94AugustaGeorgia39,441South
95PawtucketRhode Island39,231Northeast
96AltoonaPennsylvania38,973Northeast
97WheelingWest Virginia38,878South
98MobileAlabama38,469South
99BirminghamAlabama38,415South
100Little RockArkansas38,307South

References

  1. ^ "1900 Overview", History, US Census Bureau
  2. ^ "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. ^ Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.
  4. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  5. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.

External links

Media files used on this page

Flag of Ohio.svg
The flag of the U.S. state of Ohio, officially known as the "Ohio Burgee"
Flag of North Carolina (1885–1991).svg
Flag of North Carolina, 1885–1991
Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg
A former flag of the State of Florida with St Patrick's Saltire, used from 1900 to 1985.
Flag of Oregon.svg
Flag of Oregon (obverse): The flag was adopted by the state on February 26, 1925.[1] The state seal was decided in 1903.[2][3]
Flag of Alaska.svg
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC0
Flag of Alaska
Flag of New Mexico (1912-1925).svg
Reconstruction of the first (unofficial) flag of the state of New Mexico (1915 - 1925), designed by Col. Ralph E. Twitchell. For another reconstruction (with somewhat different proportions and monochrome seal), see plate XXXVI, page 152 of The Flag Book of the United States by Whitney Smith (William Morrow and Company, 1970).
Flag of New York (1778-1901).svg
State Flag of New York from 1896 to April 2, 1901
Louisiana Pelican Flag 1861.svg
Flag of Louisiana 1861
Flag of Massachusetts (1908-1971).svg
Author/Creator: RoyFocker 12, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Reverse side of the Flag of Massachusetts from 1908 to 1971. Vectorized version of Image:us-ma-ov.gif
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg
US Flag with 45 stars. In use 4 July 1896–3 July 1908. Created by jacobolus using Adobe Illustrator, and released into the public domain. This flag was used during the Spanish-American War.
Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg
Flag of Montana, 1905—1981
Flag of Minnesota (1893–1957).svg
Flag of Minnesota (1893-1957).
Flag of Nevada (1905-1915).svg
The first flag of Nevada was created by Governor John Sparks and Col. Harry Day in 1905. It was based strongly on Nevada's natural resources of gold and silver.
Flag of West Virginia (1905–1907).png
Flag of West Virginia (1905-1907)
1900 census Kershaw Lindauer.gif
*Enumeration District 111, Sheet 28, Line 74
  • Rye, Westchester County, New York, USA

Household

  • Charles F. Lindauer, head, b. April 1836 in Pennsylvania
  • Anna A. Lindauer, wife, b. February 1841 in New York
  • Arthur Lindauer, son, b. August 1886 in New Jersey
  • Harry Lindauer, son, b. January 1877 in New Jersey
  • LeBaron Lindauer, son, b. August 1878 in New York
  • Grover Dunne, nephew
  • Louis Miller, nephew

Household Interpreted

Notes

  • Note: Louis Miller, must be the person identified as the "brother of Grover Lindauer" in a family photo
  • Source: US Census, New York, 1900

Source

US Census, New York, 1900
Flag of Kansas (1925–1927).svg
The Alternate Flag of Kansas aka the "Banner of Kansas"
Flag of Tennessee (1897-1905).svg
Flag of Tennessee, 1897-1905 Origin and authenticity of this flag is unconfirmed
Flag of Vermont (1837-1923).svg
The Vermont state flag—as adopted on 20 October 1837—was the current U.S. flag with the multiple stars replaced by a single large star with the Vermont coat of arms (from the seal) within the star. The details of the star were unspecified, and both 5-point and 8-point stars were used with 8-points slightly more common.
The red and blue colours are from the U.S. flag; Old Glory Blue (Pantone 281, #002664), and Old Glory Red (Pantone 193, #BB133E).
Flag of South Dakota (1909-1963).svg
Flag of South Dakota in 1909 — 1963
Pennsylvania State Flag 1863 pubdomain.jpg
State Flag of Pennsylvania, circa 1863; source: State Museum of Pennsylvania, crop of public domain image to highlight state coat of arms.
Flag of South Carolina (1861).svg
Flag of South Carolina (1861-1865)
Flag of Wisconsin (1866–1913).png
Flag of Wisconsin (1866-1913)
Flag of Utah (1903–1904).svg
Flag of Utah (c. 1903)
Flag of Florida (1900–1985).svg
A former flag of the State of Florida with St Patrick's Saltire, used from 1900 to 1985.
Flag of Arkansas (1913).svg
(c) Zscout370, CC BY-SA 3.0
First official flag of the State of Arkansas
Flag of Illinois (1915-1969).svg
Flag of Illinois, 1915-1969 (1970)
Flag of New Hampshire (1909-1931).png
Flag of New Hampshire (1909-1931)
Flag of Maine (1901–1909).png
Flag of Maine (1901 to 1909)
Flag of Hawaii (1896).svg
Flag of Hawaii in 1896. Notice the narrow fimbriation/border around the St. George's Cross.
Flag of Oklahoma (1911–1925).svg
Flag of the US State of Oklahoma from 1911 to 1925.