Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1882
  • 1883
  • 1884
  • 1885
  • 1886
  • 1887
  • 1888
1885 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1885
Ab urbe condita2638
Armenian calendar1334
Assyrian calendar6635
Baháʼí calendar41–42
Balinese saka calendar1806–1807
Bengali calendar1292
Berber calendar2835
British Regnal year48 Vict. 1 – 49 Vict. 1
Buddhist calendar2429
Burmese calendar1247
Byzantine calendar7393–7394
Chinese calendar甲申年 (Wood Monkey)
4581 or 4521
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4582 or 4522
Coptic calendar1601–1602
Discordian calendar3051
Ethiopian calendar1877–1878
Hebrew calendar5645–5646
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1941–1942
 - Shaka Samvat1806–1807
 - Kali Yuga4985–4986
Holocene calendar11885
Igbo calendar885–886
Iranian calendar1263–1264
Islamic calendar1302–1303
Japanese calendarMeiji 18
Javanese calendar1814–1815
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4218
Minguo calendar27 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar417
Thai solar calendar2427–2428
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
2011 or 1630 or 858
    — to —
(female Wood-Rooster)
2012 or 1631 or 859

1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1885th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 885th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1880s decade. As of the start of 1885, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.





The Reitwagen (riding car), the first internal combustion motorcycle (1885)


Date unknown

The Benz Patent-Motorwagen, built in 1885
  • Karl Benz produces the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, regarded as the first automobile (patented and publicly launched the following year).[12]
  • John Kemp Starley demonstrates the Rover safety bicycle, regarded as the first practical modern bicycle.[13]
  • Chile's Matrimony and Civil Registry laws come into effect.
  • The Home Insurance Building in Chicago, designed by William Le Baron Jenney, is completed. With ten floors and a fireproof weight-bearing metal frame, it is regarded as the first skyscraper.[14]
  • Bicycle Playing Cards are first produced.
  • The Soldiers' and Sailors' Families Association is established in the United Kingdom, to provide charitable assistance.
  • Camp Dudley, the oldest continually running boys' camp in the United States, is founded.
  • John Ormsby publishes his new English translation of Don Quixote, acclaimed as the most scholarly made up to that time. It will remain in print through the 20th Century.
  • Michigan Technological University (originally Michigan Mining School) opens its doors for the first time, in the future Houghton County Fire Hall.
  • Chuo Law College, as predecessor of Chuo University, founded in Kanda, Tokyo, Japan.
  • Before November 1 – More than 24,000 Christians killed, 225 churches burnt, seventeen orphanages and ten convents destroyed in Cochinchina, now known as Vietnam.[15]


January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December · Date unknown


Claude Fuess










(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1989-0630-504 / UnknownUnknown / CC-BY-SA 3.0



Date unknown

  • Alessandro Tonini, Italian aeronautical engineer and aircraft designer and manufacturer (d. 1932)




Date unknown

  • Eugenia Kisimova, Bulgarian feminist, philanthropist and women's rights activist (b. 1831)

In fiction

  • September 2September 7 – The film Back to the Future Part III takes place during this time. Dr. Emmett Brown is initially murdered by Buford "Mad Dog" Tannen in Hill Valley, California (1885); however, Marty McFly later prevents this murder.
  • The stage "Bury My Shell at Wounded Knee", in the 1992 video game Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Turtles in Time, is set in this year.
  • The Nickelodeon TV movie, Lost in the West, takes place in this year.


  1. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 310–311. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 438–440. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ Dow Record Book Adds Another First. Philly.com. Retrieved 2013-07-08.
  4. ^ Hansen (1992), p. 28.
  5. ^ The Hutchinson Factfinder. Helicon. 1999. ISBN 1-85986-000-1.
  6. ^ "Cremation". The Times. No. 31405. London. March 27, 1885. p. 10.
  7. ^ Mackenzie, John (1887). Austral Africa: Losing It or Ruling It; Being Incidents and Experiences in Bechuanaland, Cape Colony, and England. London: Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington via World Digital Library. Archived from the original on April 12, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  8. ^ "Silverton". The Argus. Melbourne, Vic. July 30, 1885. p. 10. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  9. ^ Gardiner, Mark (1997). Classic motorcycles. MetroBooks. p. 16. ISBN 1-56799-460-1.
  10. ^ Brown, Roland (2005). The Ultimate History of Fast Motorcycles. Bath: Parragon. p. 6. ISBN 1-4054-5466-0.
  11. ^ Wilson, Hugo (1993). The Ultimate Motorcycle Book. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 8–9. ISBN 1-56458-303-1.
  12. ^ Benz, Carl Friedrich (1925). Lebensfahrt eines deutschen erfinders; erinnerungen eines achtzigjahrigen. Leipzig: Koehler & Amelang.
  13. ^ "Icons of Invention: Rover safety bicycle, 1885". Making the Modern World. Science Museum (London). Archived from the original on May 22, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  14. ^ "Home Insurance Building". SkyscraperPage. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved June 27, 2011.
  15. ^ "24,346 Christians Massacred, Altogether, In Cochin-China". The Cornishman. No. 387. December 17, 1885. p. 8.
  16. ^ Martin Bucco; G. K. Hall & Company (1986). Critical Essays on Sinclair Lewis. G.K. Hall. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8161-8698-3.
  17. ^ Radio Liberty Research Bulletin. Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. 1985. p. 8.
  18. ^ Richard R. Hobbs (1997). Naval Science. Naval Institute Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-55750-373-2.
  19. ^ O. Classe; [Anonymus AC02468681] (2000). Encyclopedia of Literary Translation Into English: A-L. Taylor & Francis. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-884964-36-7.
  20. ^ Current Biography: Who's News and Why, 1953. Hw Wilson Company. June 1953. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-8242-0119-7.
  21. ^ Schiavone, Michael J. (2009). Dictionary of Maltese Biographies Vol. 2 G–Z. Pietà: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza. pp. 1594–1595. ISBN 9789993291329.
  22. ^ Obituary, The Musical Times, September 1950, p. 362
  23. ^ Marques, Virgílio (2018). "Notas biográficas". Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  24. ^ "Ezen a napon született Kürschner Izidor, a kiváló játékos és világjáró edző, akinek Brazíliában szobrot állítottak". www.mtkbudapest.hu.
  25. ^ Beacham's Guide to Literature for Young Adults. Beacham Pub. 1989. p. 929. ISBN 978-0-933833-11-1.
  26. ^ John Worthen (July 31, 1992). D. H. Lawrence: The Early Years 1885-1912: The Cambridge Biography of D. H. Lawrence. Cambridge University Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-521-43772-1.
  27. ^ K. R. Srinivasa Iyengar (1963). Francois Mauriac: Novelist & Moralist. Asia Publishing House. p. 2.
  28. ^ Lawrence S. Rainey (December 15, 1991). Ezra Pound and the Monument of Culture: Text, History, and the Malatesta Cantos. University of Chicago Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-226-70316-9.
  29. ^ Mangion, Fabian (March 8, 2015). "Recalling a brave, sincere patriot forgotten by Malta". Times of Malta. Archived from the original on December 25, 2018. Retrieved December 24, 2018.
  30. ^ Albert W. Halsall (January 1, 1998). Victor Hugo and the Romantic Drama. University of Toronto Press. p. 206. ISBN 978-0-8020-4322-1.

Further reading

  • "Appletons' Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1885". Appletons' Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year. New York: D. Appleton and Co. 25: 42 v. 1887. hdl:2027/hvd.hb0r95.

Media files used on this page

ZweiRadMuseumNSU Reitwagen.JPG
Author/Creator: Joachim Köhler, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
First motorcycle called "Reitwagen" by Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach (1885) (264 cm³, Einzylinder-Viertakt-Motor, 0,5 PS, Glührohrzündung, Luftkühlung)
Thomas Andrews Hendricks.jpg
Thomas Andrews Hendricks.
Washington Monument Dusk Jan 2006.jpg
Author/Creator: Diliff, Licence: CC BY-SA 2.5
El Monumento a Washington al atardecer
Ulysses S. Grant 1870-1880.jpg
The 18th President of the United States Ulysses S. Grant.
Clementine Churchill 1915.jpg
Clementine Churchill, Baroness Spencer-Churchill (1885-1977), wife of Sir Winston Churchill
Carl Spitzweg.jpg
Carl Spitzweg (1808-1885)
Victor Hugo by Étienne Carjat 1876 - full.jpg
Portrait photograph of Victor Hugo published in the widely distributed serial publication entitled Galerie contemporaine, littéraire, artistique. Issued in parts from 1876 to 1884 by the firm of Goupil & Cie, the series contained 241 portraits of leading figures from the worlds of art, literature, music, science, and politics by a host of Parisian photographers. The illustrations were printed as woodburytypes–a photomechanical process that reproduced the continuous tones of photography but did so with pigmented gelatin molded to a varying thickness. The speed and economy with which woodburytypes could be printed, as well as their permanence (unlike traditional photographic processes that were subject to fading), made them a highly practical substitute for albumen silver prints in book publication or other situations where mass production was desirable.
Bundesarchiv Bild 183-1989-0630-504, Heinrich Brüning.jpg
(c) Bundesarchiv, Bild 183-1989-0630-504 / UnknownUnknown / CC-BY-SA 3.0
For documentary purposes the German Federal Archive often retained the original image captions, which may be erroneous, biased, obsolete or politically extreme. Info non-talk.svg

Heinrich Brüning Politiker des Zenrums und Staatsmann geb. 26.11.1885 in Münster gest. 30.3.1970 in Norwich (Vt.) Brüning war 1921/30 Geschäftsführer des Deutschen Gewerkschaftsbundes, 1924/33 Mitglied des Reichstages. Als Führer der Zenrumsfraktion wurde er 1930 Reichskanler, regierte diktatorisch mit Notverordnungen. Brüning mußte 1932 zurücktreten. 1933 emigrierte er in die USA und war 1934/52 Professor in Oxford, Boston und Cambridge, dann 1952/55 an der Universität Köln. Bis zu seinem Tod lebte er wieder in den USA. Abgebildete Personen:

  • Brüning, Heinrich Dr.: Reichskanzler, Zentrum, Deutschland
Bess Truman cropped.jpg
First Lady Bess Truman
Portrait of Claude Moore Fuess, 10th Headmaster of Phillips Academy Andover 1933-1948, from the 1918 Pot Pourri.