1805

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1802
  • 1803
  • 1804
  • 1805
  • 1806
  • 1807
  • 1808
1805 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1805
MDCCCV
French Republican calendar13–14
Ab urbe condita2558
Armenian calendar1254
ԹՎ ՌՄԾԴ
Assyrian calendar6555
Balinese saka calendar1726–1727
Bengali calendar1212
Berber calendar2755
British Regnal year45 Geo. 3 – 46 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar2349
Burmese calendar1167
Byzantine calendar7313–7314
Chinese calendar甲子年 (Wood Rat)
4501 or 4441
    — to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4502 or 4442
Coptic calendar1521–1522
Discordian calendar2971
Ethiopian calendar1797–1798
Hebrew calendar5565–5566
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1861–1862
 - Shaka Samvat1726–1727
 - Kali Yuga4905–4906
Holocene calendar11805
Igbo calendar805–806
Iranian calendar1183–1184
Islamic calendar1219–1220
Japanese calendarBunka 2
(文化2年)
Javanese calendar1731–1732
Julian calendarGregorian minus 12 days
Korean calendar4138
Minguo calendar107 before ROC
民前107年
Nanakshahi calendar337
Thai solar calendar2347–2348
Tibetan calendar阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1931 or 1550 or 778
    — to —
阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1932 or 1551 or 779

1805 (MDCCCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar, the 1805th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 805th year of the 2nd millennium, the 5th year of the 19th century, and the 6th year of the 1800s decade. As of the start of 1805, the Gregorian calendar was 12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

After thirteen years the First French Empire abolished the French Republican Calendar in favour of the Gregorian calendar.

Events

January–March

  • January 11 – The Michigan Territory is created.[1]
  • February 7 – King Anouvong becomes ruler of Vientiane on the death of his brother Inthavong.
  • February 15 – The Harmony Society is officially formed as a Christian community in Harmony, Pennsylvania.
  • March 1 – Justice Samuel Chase is acquitted of impeachment charges by the United States Senate.
  • March 4 – Thomas Jefferson is sworn in for a second term as President of the United States.
  • March 5 – The New Brunswick Legislature passes a bill to advance literacy in the province, which eventually leads to the creation of public education in Canada.

April–June

July–September

October–December

  • December 2 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Austerlitz – French troops under Napoleon decisively defeat a joint Russo-Austrian force.
  • December 26 – The Peace of Pressburg between France and Austria is signed in the Primate's Palace, Pressburg (modern-day Bratislava).
  • December 31 – The French Republican Calendar (which featured a 10-day week until 1802) is used for the last time, 8 days after being annulled by Napoleon, with the final official date being "9 Nivôse in Year XIV of the Revolution".[9]

Date unknown

  • James Squire becomes the first brewer in Australia to cultivate hops.
  • The Old Man of the Mountain, a natural rock formation in the U.S. state of New Hampshire, is first mentioned by two workmen, Francis Whitcomb and Luke Brooks.
  • Napoleon orders his soldiers to be vaccinated.

Births

January–June

July–December

Jeanne Deroin
  • July 5 – Robert FitzRoy, English meteorologist, captain and politician (d. 1865)
  • July 29 – Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (d. 1859)
  • July 30 – Rudolf Wagner, German anatomist, pathologist (d. 1864)
  • August 4 – William Rowan Hamilton, Irish physicist (d. 1865)
  • September 19 – John Stevens Cabot Abbott, American historian, pastor and pedagogical writer (d. 1877)
  • September 27 – George Müller, Prussian evangelist, founder of the New Orphan Houses, Ashley Down, Bristol in England (d. 1898)
  • November 14 – Fanny Mendelssohn, German composer, pianist (d. 1847)
  • November 28 – John Lloyd Stephens, American traveler, diplomat and Mayanist archaeologist (d. 1852)
  • December 2 – Cicero Price, American commodore (d. 1888)
  • December 10 – William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist (d. 1879)
  • December 12 – Henry Wells, American businessman, founder of Wells Fargo (d. 1878)
  • December 22 – John Obadiah Westwood, English entomologist (d. 1893)
  • December 23 – Joseph Smith, American religious leader, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement (d. 1844)
  • December 31 – Jeanne Deroin, French socialist and feminist (d. 1894)

Undated

  • Maiden of Ludmir, Jewish religious leader (d. 1888)
  • James Pratt, last of two men to be executed in UK for homosexuality (d. 1835)
  • Cochise, Indigenous American (Apache) leader (d. 1874)
  • Jesse Chisholm, Indigenous American (Cherokee) fur trader and merchant (d. 1868)

Deaths

January–June

  • January 7 – Ebenezer Sproat, American Continental Army officer, pioneer to the Ohio Country (b. 1752)
  • January 9 – Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • January 17 – Paschen von Cossel, German lawyer (b. 1714)
  • January 18 – John Moore (archbishop of Canterbury) (b. 1730)
  • January 23 – Claude Chappe, French telecommunication pioneer (b. 1763)
  • February 2 – Thomas Banks, English sculptor and artist (b. 1735)
  • February 11 – Queen Jeongsun, Korean regent (b. 1745)
  • February 20 – Justus Claproth, German jurist, inventor of the de-inking process of recycled paper (b. 1728)
  • February 25 – Thomas Pownall, English colonial statesman (b. 1722)
  • March 4 – Jean-Baptiste Greuze, French painter (b. 1725)
  • May 7 – William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1737)
  • May 9 – Friedrich Schiller, German playwright (b. 1759)
  • May 12 – Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim, 71st Grandmaster of the Order of Malta (b. 1744)
  • May 25
    • William Paley, English philosopher (b. 1743)
    • Anna Maria Rückerschöld, Swedish author (d. 1725)
  • May 28 – Luigi Boccherini, Tuscan-born composer (b. 1743)
  • June 3 – Princess Louise of Saxe-Meiningen, Landgravine of Hesse-Philippsthal-Barchfeld (b. 1752)
  • June 18 – Arthur Murphy, Irish writer (b. 1727)
  • June 19 – Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée, French painter (b. 1724)

July–December

  • July 31 – Dheeran Chinnamalai, Tamil king (b. 1756)
  • August 3 – Christopher Anstey, English writer (b. 1724)
  • August 28
  • September 27 – William Moultrie, American general (b. 1730)
  • September 28 – Christoph Franz von Buseck, Prince-Bishop of Bamberg (b. 1724)
  • October 5
  • October 21
    • John Cooke, English captain (b. 1762)
      John Cooke
    • Horatio Nelson, British admiral (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1758)
  • November 24 – Jacques Antoine Marie de Cazalès, French orator, politician (b. 1758)
  • December 16 – Saverio Cassar, Gozitan priest, rebel leader (b. 1746)
  • December 23
    • Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer, naturalist (b. 1723)
    • Geneviève Thiroux d'Arconville, French novelist, translator and chemist (b. 1720)

Undated

  • Rafaela Herrera, Nicaraguan heroine (b. 1742)
  • Bety of Betsimisaraka, queen regnant (b. 1735)

References

  1. ^ Commission, Michigan Historical; Society, Michigan State Historical (1888). Michigan Historical Collections. Michigan Historical Commission. p. 218.
  2. ^ Karen Jones and John Wills, The American West: Competing Visions (Edinburgh University Press, 2009) p17
  3. ^ Kinley Brauer and William E. Wright, Austria in the Age of the French Revolution, 1789-1815 (Berghahn Books, 1990) p11
  4. ^ "Baird, David", in A New General Biographical Dictionary, Volume 3, ed. by Hugh James Rose (T. Fellowes, 1857) p20
  5. ^ Tales of the Wars; Or, Naval and Military Chronicle (William Mark Clark, 1836) p329
  6. ^ The Englishman's library: comprising a series of historical, biographical, and national information (Charles Knight, 1824) p165
  7. ^ Grocott, Terence (2002). Shipwrecks of the Revolutionary & Napoleonic Eras. Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-164-5.
  8. ^ H. Arnold Barton, Scandinavia in the Revolutionary Era: 1760–1815 (University of Minnesota Press, 1986) p267
  9. ^ Thomas Carlyle, The French Revolution (Courier Corporation, 2012) p210

Media files used on this page

Captain John Cooke, 1763-1805.jpg
From the museum's website
A half-length portrait of Captain John Cooke wearing a captain's full-dress uniform (over three years), 1795-1812; sea and sky form the background. He was captain of the 'Nymphe' when, together with the 'San Fiorenzo', they captured the French frigates, 'Résistance' and 'Constance' off Brest in March 1797. He was killed at Trafalgar when commanding the 'Bellerophon', being one of two captains to die there: the other was George Duff of the 'Mars'. The 'Bellerophon' was engaged in close action with the French 'L'Aigle'. At 11 minutes past one, while reloading his pistols for the third time, Cooke was shot in the chest and fell to the deck. A 14-year-old midshipman, George Pearson, rushed forward to lend assistance but he was felled by a splinter. Mortally wounded, Cooke's last words to his quartermaster were 'Let me lay one minute'.
Turner, The Battle of Trafalgar (1806).jpg
The Battle of Trafalgar, as seen from the mizen starboard shrouds of the Victory by J. M. W. Turner
Friedrich Schiller by Ludovike Simanowiz.jpg
Friedrich Schiller (1759–1805), German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright in 1793 or 1794
Joseph Smith, Jr. portrait owned by Joseph Smith III.jpg
Painting by an unknown painter, circa 1842. The original is owned by the Community of Christ archives. It is on display at the Community of Christ headquarters in Independence Missouri, where its provenance is explained. The painting was originally in the possession of Joseph Smith III (died 1914), who is recorded as commenting on the painting. The c. 1842 date is given by the Community of Christ, the painting's owner.
Jeanne Deroin 1.jpeg
Jeanne Deroin (1805-1894), socialiste et féministe française, photo
Fanny Hensel 1842.jpg
Portrait of Fanny Hensel