1800 United States census

1800 United States census

August 4, 1800 (1800-08-04)

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population5,308,483 (Increase 35.1%)
Most populous ​stateVirginia
886,149
Least populous ​stateDelaware
64,273

The United States census of 1800 was the second census conducted in the United States. It was conducted on August 4, 1800.

It showed that 5,308,483 people were living in the United States, of whom 893,602 were enslaved. The 1800 census included the new District of Columbia. The census for the following states were lost: Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Census questions

The 1800 census asks the following information in columns, left to right:[1]

ColumnTitle
1Name of the head
2Number of free white males under age 10
3Number of free white males of age 10 and under 16
4Number of free white males of age 16 and under 26
5Number of free white males of age 26 and under 45
6Number of free white males of age 45 and over.
7Number of free white females under age 10
8Number of free white females of age 10 and under 16
9Number of free white females of age 16 and under 26
10Number of free white females of age 26 and under 45
11Number of free white females of age 45 and over.
12Number of all other free persons
13Number of slaves

This census is one of the several for which some of the original data are no longer available. Original census returns for Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia were lost over the years.[2]

Data availability

No microdata from the 1800 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State and regional populations

DistrictFree white males under age 10,Free white males age 10–16Free white males age 16–26Free white males age 26–45Free white males over age 45Free white females under age 10Free white females age 10–16Free white females age 16–26Free white females age 26–45Free white females over age 45All other free personsSlavesTotal
New Hampshire30,69414,88116,37917,58911,71529,87114,19317,15318,38112,1428528183,858
Massachusetts63,64632,50737,90539,72931,34860,92030,67440,49143,83335,3406,4520422,845
Maine27,97012,30512,90015,3188,33926,89911,33813,29514,4968,0418180151,719
Connecticut37,94619,40821,68323,18018,97635,73618,21823,56125,18620,8275,330951251,002
Vermont29,42012,04613,24216,5448,07628,27211,36612,60615,2877,0495570154,465
Rhode Island9,9455,3525,8895,7854,8879,5245,0266,4636,9195,6483,30438069,122
New York (excluding Duchess, Ulster, Orange counties)83,16136,95340,04552,45425,49779,15432,82239,08647,71023,1618,57315,602484,065
New York (Duchess, Ulster, Orange counties)16,9367,3209,2309,1406,35816,3196,6499,0308,7015,4901,8015,011101,985
New Jersey33,90015,85916,30119,95612,62932,62214,82717,01819,53311,6004,40212,422211,149
Pennsylvania (eastern district)52,76724,43829,39333,86420,82451,17623,42729,87930,89219,32911,253557327,979
Pennsylvania (western district)50,45921,62324,86925,46917,76148,44820,36224,09522,95414,0663,3111,149274,566
Delaware8,2504,4375,1215,0122,2137,6284,2775,5434,9812,3908,2686,15364,273
Maryland (including Washington County in the District of Columbia[a], but excluding parts of Baltimore County)33,52016,58120,56022,16912,61732,46315,71821,50620,36311,24018,646102,465317,348
Maryland (additional return for Baltimore County)567226318343249517222375318199418474,276
Virginia (eastern district)57,83725,99832,44434,58819,08754,59725,46934,80732,64118,82113,194322,199676,682
Virginia (western district)34,60114,50216,26415,67411,13432,72613,36615,9233,63215,1691,93023,597203,518
Virginia (Alexandria and part of Fairfax County in the District of Columbia[a])8893204835572216703134794731893831,1725,949
North Carolina63,11827,07331,56031,20918,68859,07425,87432,98930,66517,5147,043133,296478,103
South Carolina37,41116,15617,76119,34410,24434,66415,85718,14517,2369,4373,185146,151345,591
Georgia19,8418,4699,78710,9144,95718,4077,9149,2438,8353,8941,91959,699162,686
Kentucky37,27414,04515,70517,6999,23834,94913,43315,52414,9347,07574140,343220,959
Northwest Territory9,3623,6474,6364,8331,9558,6443,3533,8613,3421,395337045,365
Indiana Territory8543474666452627912804243931151631355,641[b]
Mississippi Territory9993564827802909533763524621651823,4898,850
DistrictFree white males under age 10Free white males age 10–16Free white males age 16–26Free white males age 26–45Free white males over age 45Free white females under age 10Free white females age 10–16Free white females age 16–26Free white females age 26–45Free white females over age 45All other free personsSlavesTotal
Uncorrected Total741,367334,849383,423422,795257,526705,024315,354391,848392,167250,296102,685875,6265,172,312
Tennessee[c]19,2277,1948,2828,3524,12518,4507,0428,5546,9923,49130913,584105,602
Maryland corrected[d]36,75117,74321,92923,55313,71234,70316,78722,91521,72512,18019,987107,707349,692
Corrected Total763,288359,792392,765432,979262,497725,197323,243401,436400,203254,524104,294893,6055,305,982

^ a: At the time of the 1800 census, the territory donated to form the District of Columbia was still being administered by the states of Maryland and Virginia. The state of Maryland included the population of the District under its control within its own return. The population of the District of Columbia within Maryland was 8,144 persons, including 5,672 whites, 400 free blacks, and 2,472 enslaved persons.[3]

^ b: Persons 766 added to the particular items of this return.

^ c: This return has been received since the communication of the above Aggregate to Congress.

^ d: This return has also been since received, and is stated by the Marshal to be more correct than the first.[4]

City populations

RankCityStatePopulation[5][6]Region (2016)[7]
01New YorkNew York60,515Northeast
02PhiladelphiaPennsylvania41,220Northeast
03BaltimoreMaryland26,514South
04BostonMassachusetts24,937Northeast
05CharlestonSouth Carolina18,824South
06Northern LibertiesPennsylvania10,718Northeast
07SouthwarkPennsylvania9,621Northeast
08SalemMassachusetts9,457Northeast
09ProvidenceRhode Island7,614Northeast
10NorfolkVirginia6,926South
11NewportRhode Island6,739Northeast
12NewburyportMassachusetts5,946Northeast
13RichmondVirginia5,737South
14NantucketMassachusetts5,617Northeast
15PortsmouthNew Hampshire5,339Northeast
16GloucesterMassachusetts5,313Northeast
17AlbanyNew York5,289Northeast
17SchenectadyNew York5,289Northeast
19MarbleheadMassachusetts5,211Northeast
20New LondonConnecticut5,150Northeast
21NorwalkConnecticut5,146Northeast
21SavannahGeorgia5,146South
23AlexandriaDistrict of Columbia4,971South
24MiddleboroughMassachusetts4,458Northeast
25New BedfordMassachusetts4,361Northeast
26GrotonConnecticut4,302Northeast
27LancasterPennsylvania4,292Northeast
28New HavenConnecticut4,049Northeast
29BeverlyMassachusetts3,881Northeast
30TauntonMassachusetts3,860Northeast
31GilmantonNew Hampshire3,752Northeast
32PortlandMassachusetts[8]3,704Northeast
33HudsonNew York3,664Northeast
34PlymouthMassachusetts3,524Northeast
35HartfordConnecticut3,523Northeast
36PetersburgVirginia3,521South
37NorwichConnecticut3,476Northeast
38South KingstownRhode Island3,438Northeast
39EveshamNew Jersey3,381Northeast
40WashingtonDistrict of Columbia3,210South
41DanburyConnecticut3,180Northeast
42ColchesterConnecticut3,163Northeast
43SmithfieldRhode Island3,120Northeast
44GreenwichConnecticut3,047Northeast
45GeorgetownDistrict of Columbia2,993South
46AndoverMassachusetts2,941Northeast
47LynnMassachusetts2,837Northeast
48FarmingtonConnecticut2,809Northeast
49North KingstownRhode Island2,794Northeast
50HaverhillMassachusetts2,730Northeast
51BristolConnecticut2,722Northeast
52BerlinConnecticut2,702Northeast
53LondonderryNew Hampshire2,650Northeast
54RochesterNew Hampshire2,646Northeast
55YorkPennsylvania2,503Northeast

References

  1. ^ "1800 Census Questions". Archived from the original on April 27, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  2. ^ Dollarhide, William (2001). The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. North Salt Lake, Utah: HeritageQuest. p. 8.
  3. ^ "District of Columbia – Race and Hispanic Origin: 1800 to 1990" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 4, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  4. ^ "Enumeration of Persons in the several districts of The United States" (PDF). 1800. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  5. ^ Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  6. ^ "Population of Connecticut Towns 1756-1820". Connecticut Secretary of the State. State of Connecticut. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  7. ^ "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  8. ^ In present day Maine.

External links

Media files used on this page

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
Seal of the United States Census Bureau. The blazon is defined here as:

On a shield an open book beneath which is a lamp of knowledge emitting rays above in base two crossed quills. Around the whole a wreath of single leaves, surrounded by an outer band bearing between two stars the words "U.S. Department of Commerce" in the upper portion and "Bureau of the Census" in the lower portion, the lettering concentric with an inner beaded rim and an outer dentilated rim.