1675

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1672
  • 1673
  • 1674
  • 1675
  • 1676
  • 1677
  • 1678
1675 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1675
MDCLXXV
Ab urbe condita2428
Armenian calendar1124
ԹՎ ՌՃԻԴ
Assyrian calendar6425
Balinese saka calendar1596–1597
Bengali calendar1082
Berber calendar2625
English Regnal year26 Cha. 2 – 27 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2219
Burmese calendar1037
Byzantine calendar7183–7184
Chinese calendar甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
4371 or 4311
    — to —
乙卯年 (Wood Rabbit)
4372 or 4312
Coptic calendar1391–1392
Discordian calendar2841
Ethiopian calendar1667–1668
Hebrew calendar5435–5436
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1731–1732
 - Shaka Samvat1596–1597
 - Kali Yuga4775–4776
Holocene calendar11675
Igbo calendar675–676
Iranian calendar1053–1054
Islamic calendar1085–1086
Japanese calendarEnpō 3
(延宝3年)
Javanese calendar1597–1598
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4008
Minguo calendar237 before ROC
民前237年
Nanakshahi calendar207
Thai solar calendar2217–2218
Tibetan calendar阳木虎年
(male Wood-Tiger)
1801 or 1420 or 648
    — to —
阴木兔年
(female Wood-Rabbit)
1802 or 1421 or 649
June 18: Battle of Fehrbellin

1675 (MDCLXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1675th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 675th year of the 2nd millennium, the 75th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1675, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

January–March

April–June

  • April 13 – King Charles II of England suspends Parliament after just nine weeks when the members refuse to vote additional funding to him. [1]
  • April 20 – An uprising by the Chahars in the Chinese Empire region of Inner Mongolia, led by brothers Abunai Khan and Lubuzung Khan with 3,000 followers, is harshly put down by Imperial troops of the Manchu Dynasty. Survivors of the battle, part of the Revolt of the Three Feudatories, are put to death.
  • April 27Lê Hy Tông becomes the new Emperor of Vietnam at the age of 12, after being appointed as a figurehead by the warlord Trịnh Tạc upon the death of Lê Gia Tông.
  • AprilEnglish merchant Anthony de la Roché, blown off course after rounding Cape Horn eastabout, makes the first discovery of land south of the Antarctic Convergence, landing on South Georgia and (probably) Gough Island.[4][5][6]
  • May 6 – The Siege of Ponda, an action by the Maratha Empire in southern India against the Sultanate of Bijapur, ends after four weeks when the Mughal Empire fails to send reinforcements. Most of the defenders are massacred after Emperor Shivaji's troops storm the fortress in what is now a small city in the Indian state of Goa.
  • May 15 – After an invasion and attempt to take over the German principality of Brandenburg, the army of Sweden makes its first conquest, forcing the surrender of the fortress at Löcknitz.
  • May 18 – Misirliohlu Ibrahim Pasha becomes the new ruler of Tripolitania, a province of the Ottoman Empire at the time and now part of the North African nation of Libya. He reigns for 19 months as the Beylerbey of Tripoli.
  • May 23Sujinphaa becomes the new figurehead monarch of the Ahom kingdom in northeastern India, enthroned at the capital at Garhgaon (now in the Indian state of Assam), after Gobar Roja is deposed and executed by order of the nobles who control the nation.
  • June 1 – The Torsåker witch trials is concluded in Sweden with the execution of 71 persons (65 of them women) executed on the same day at the village of Häxberget. The condemned prisoners are beheaded and their bodies are then burned. [7] [8]
  • June 8John Sassamon's alleged murderers are executed at Plymouth.
  • June 11 – Armed Wampanoag warriors are reported traveling around Swansea, Massachusetts.
  • June 14– Colonial authorities of Rhode Island, Plymouth, and Massachusetts attempt a negotiation with Metacomet (King Philip), leader of the Wampanoags, and seek guarantees of fidelity from the Nipmuck and Narragansett tribes. The negotiations end after 11 days, closing on June 25.
  • June 21– Reconstruction of St Paul's Cathedral begins in London under the direction of Christopher Wren, to replace that the portion destroyed by the Great Fire of London nine years earlier.[9]
  • June 24King Philip's War breaks out, as the Wampanoags attack Swansea.
  • June 26– The Wampanoag warriors begin a three-day assault on English colonial towns in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in North America, with an assault on the villages of Rehoboth and Taunton. At the same time, Massachusetts troops march to Swansea, to join the Plymouth Colony troops. The warriors elude colonial troops and leave Mount Hope for Pocasset, Massachusetts. The Mohegan tribe travels to Boston, in order to assist the English colonists against the Wampanoags.
  • June 28Brandenburg defeats the Swedes in the Battle of Fehrbellin.

July–September

  • July 15 – The Narragansett tribe signs a peace treaty with Connecticut.
  • July 1624 – An envoy from Massachusetts attempts to negotiate with the Nipmuck tribe.
  • August 24 – The Nipmucks attack Massachusetts troops and besiege Brookfield, Massachusetts.
  • August 10 – King Charles II of England places the foundation stone of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in London; construction begins.
  • August 13 – The Massachusetts Council orders that Christian Indians are to be confined to designated praying towns.
  • September 12 – While Wampanoags and Nipmucks attack Deerfield, Massachusetts, Captain Samuel Moseley commands Massachusetts troops in an attack on the Pennacook tribe.
  • September 12 – English colonists abandon Deerfield, Squakeag, and Brookfield due to a coalition of Indian attacks.
  • September 15 – The Bremen-Verden Campaign of the Northern Wars begins, with the invasion of Amt Wildeshausen by the Münster army, and their advance on Verden via the city of Bremen.
  • September 18 – The Narragansetts sign a treaty with the English in Boston; meanwhile, Massachusetts troops are ambushed near Northampton, Massachusetts.
  • September 20 – In England, a fire destroys most of the town of Northampton. According to a contemporary account, "the market place (which was a very goodly one), the stately church of Allhallows, 2 other parish churches and above three-fourth parts of the whole town was consumed and laid in ashes.".[10]

October–December

  • October 5 – The Pocomtuc tribe attacks and destroys the English settlement at Springfield, Massachusetts.
  • October 13 – The Massachusetts Council convenes and agrees that all Christian Indians should be ordered to move to Deer Island.
  • October 29Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz makes the first use of the long s (∫) as a symbol of the integral in calculus.
  • November 2– Commissioners of the Massachusetts Bay Colony and the Plymouth Colony (which are later merged into Massachusetts) begin a 10-day discussion on organizing a united force to attack the Narragansett tribe.
  • November 11
    • Guru Teg Bahadur, ninth of the Sikh gurus, is executed by Mughal rulers, proclaiming that he prefers death rather than disavowing the right of Hindus to practice their own religion. He is succeeded by Guru Gobind Singh, who becomes the as tenth Guru.
    • Gottfried Leibniz makes the earliest known use of infinitesimal calculus in breaking down of a on a function.
  • December 11Antonio de Vea expedition enters San Rafael Lake in western Patagonia.[11]
  • December 19 – United colonial forces attack the Narragansetts at the Great Swamp Fight.
  • December 241675–1676 Malta plague epidemic begins.

Date unknown

Births

Deaths

References

  1. ^ a b Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 191–192. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  2. ^ Willmoth, Frances (2004). "Flamsteed, John (1646–1719)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved February 4, 2011.(subscription or UK public library membership required)
  3. ^ "HMY Mary", Coflein Database, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Wales
  4. ^ Headland, Robert (1992). The Island of South Georgia (2nd ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-42474-7.
  5. ^ de Seixas y Lovera, Francisco (1690). Descripcion geographica, y derrotero de la region austral Magallanica. Madrid: Antonio de Zafra.
  6. ^ Wace, N. M. (1969). "The discovery, exploitation and settlement of the Tristan da Cunha Islands". Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society of Australasia (South Australian Branch). 10: 11–40.
  7. ^ Lars Guvå, Ångermanland (Almqvist & Wiksell, 1984) p. 135
  8. ^ Rättshistoriskt bibliotek ("Legal history library"), Vol. 48 (Institutet för rättshistorisk forskning, 1962)
  9. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  10. ^ "Fires, Great", in The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance, Cornelius Walford, ed. (C. and E. Layton, 1876) p30
  11. ^ de Vea, Antonio (1886). "Expedición de Antonio de Vea". Anuario Hidrográfico de la Marina de Chile (in Spanish). Valparaíso. pp. 539–596.
  12. ^ Samuel Clarke (April 13, 1998). Samuel Clarke: A Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God: And Other Writings. Cambridge University Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-0-521-59995-5.
  13. ^ "JONES, WILLIAM (1675?-1749), mathematician". Dictionary of Welsh Biography. National Library of Wales. Retrieved October 27, 2021.
  14. ^ "Charles III (or IV) | duke of Lorraine [1604–1675]". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved September 20, 2021.

Media files used on this page

Indians Attacking a Garrison House.jpg
Indians Attacking a Garrison House, from an Old Wood Engraving This is likely a depiction of the attack on the Haynes Garrison, Sudbury, April 21, 1676
Cropped version of Jan Vermeer van Delft 002.jpg
The only supposed portrait of Jan Vermeer.
18th century painting of Guru teg bahadur.jpg
Author/Creator: Ms Sarah Welch, Licence: CC BY-SA 4.0
Cropped derivative work of Guru teg bahadur.jpg available on wikimedia commons under creative commons license.
Schlacht bei Fehrbellin2.JPG
Author/Creator: Dismar Degen , Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
In der Mitte auf dem Schimmel Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm