Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1671
  • 1672
  • 1673
  • 1674
  • 1675
  • 1676
  • 1677
1674 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1674
Ab urbe condita2427
Armenian calendar1123
Assyrian calendar6424
Balinese saka calendar1595–1596
Bengali calendar1081
Berber calendar2624
English Regnal year25 Cha. 2 – 26 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2218
Burmese calendar1036
Byzantine calendar7182–7183
Chinese calendar癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4370 or 4310
    — to —
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
4371 or 4311
Coptic calendar1390–1391
Discordian calendar2840
Ethiopian calendar1666–1667
Hebrew calendar5434–5435
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1730–1731
 - Shaka Samvat1595–1596
 - Kali Yuga4774–4775
Holocene calendar11674
Igbo calendar674–675
Iranian calendar1052–1053
Islamic calendar1084–1085
Japanese calendarEnpō 2
Javanese calendar1596–1597
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4007
Minguo calendar238 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar206
Thai solar calendar2216–2217
Tibetan calendar阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
1800 or 1419 or 647
    — to —
(male Wood-Tiger)
1801 or 1420 or 648
August 11: Battle of Seneffe
Reception of The Grand Conde

1674 (MDCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1674th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 674th year of the 2nd millennium, the 74th year of the 17th century, and the 5th year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1674, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.





  • July 7 – The Messina revolt against Spanish rule begins on the island of Sicily as the Italian residents besiege the palace of the Spanish Captain-General and drive out the Spanish garrison.
  • July 16 – In a major battle in the Third Anglo-Dutch War, a large fleet of 18 warships from the Dutch Republic, along with 15 troop transports, nine storeships and 3,400 soldiers, arrives at the island of Martinique in the Caribbean Sea for the purpose of invasion and capture of Martinique from the French colonists. Admiral Michiel de Ruyter, commander of the Dutch forces, waits for four days before coming ashore. The French defenders, under the direction of the Governor, Antoine André de Sainte-Marthe, take advantage of the situation to block the entrances to the harbor and to reinforce troops. The Dutch invasion force is forced to retreat after sustaining heavy losses.
  • July 17 – Two skeletons of children are discovered by workmen repairing a staircase at the White Tower (Tower of London), and believed at this time to be the remains of the Princes in the Tower. The urns containing the bones are interred in 1678 in Westminster Abbey, with an inscription in Latin that states "Here lie interred the remains of Edward V, King of England, and Richard, Duke of York, whose long desired and much sought after bones, after over a hundred and ninety years, were found interred deep beneath the rubble of the stairs that led up to the Chapel of the White Tower, on the 17 of July in the Year of Our Lord 1674." [4]
  • August 11 – The French army under Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé defeats the Dutch–Spanish–Austrian army under William III of Orange in the Battle of Seneffe.
  • September 17Sukjong of the Joseon Dynasty, age 13, becomes the new Emperor of Korea upon the death of his father, the Emperor Hyeonjong. Sukjong reigns for more than 45 years until his death on July 12, 1720.
  • September 27 – French Navy Commander Jean-Baptiste de Valbelle arrives at Sicily during the Messina revolt to help the Messinese expel the last Spanish defenders, taking the fort at Faro at the harbor entrance.


  • October 4
    • The Battle of Entzheim takes place in France with 35,000 Holy Roman Empire troops and 22,000 French defenders during the Franco-Dutch War, with the forces fighting near Entzheim south of Strasbourg. While the battle is inconclusive, the outnumbered French win a strategic victory by keeping the Germans from entering French territory. [5] Most of the former battlefield now lies beneath the Strasbourg International Airport.
    • A second coronation is held by the Maratha Empire for the Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhonsle, after the Vedic priest Nischal Puri Goswami decides that the June 18 coronation was "held under inauspicious stars". [6]
  • October 15 – The Torsåker witch trials begin in the Torsåker Parish in Sweden, with over 100 men and women accused of witchcraft and the abduction of children. On June 1, 1675, the mass beheading of the 71 persons convicted takes place at Häxberget, 65 of whom are women. [7] [8] The others are two men and four boys.
  • November 10 – As provided in the Treaty of Westminster of February 19, the Dutch Republic cedes its colony of New Netherland to England. This includes the colonial capital, New Orange, which is returned to its English name of New York. The colonies of Surinam, Essequibo and Berbice remain in Dutch hands.
  • December 4 – Father Jacques Marquette, along with Pierre Poteret and Jacque Poteret, sails southward along the shore of Lake Michigan, accompanied by nine canoes of Indians from the Potawatomi tribe, and comes ashore at what is now Chicago. The three missionaries, the first Europeans to explore the area, camp there for the winter. [9] Marquette notes in his journal "The land bordering it is of now value, except on the prairies," and adds "There are eight to ten quite fine rivers." [10] A historical marker is now erected on the site of the landing. [11] Father Marquette founds a mission (which will in time grow into the city of Chicago) on the shores of Lake Michigan, in order to create a Christian ministry to convent native Americans in the Illinois Confederation.

Date unknown




  1. ^ "Reattribution of the Coins of Suhung", by J. N. Phukan, Journal of the Numismatic Society of India (1982), pp. 66-70
  2. ^ V. G. Hatalkar, Relations Between the French and the Marathas, 1668-1815 (Chidambaran Press, 1958) p. 11
  3. ^ Maharashtra State Gazeteers: Maratha period (Maharashtra State Directorate of Government Printing, Stationary and Publications, 1967) p. 125
  4. ^ Andrew Beattie, Following in the Footsteps of the Princes in the Tower (Pen & Sword Books, 2019)
  5. ^ Spencer C. Tucker, A Global Chronology of Conflict (ABC-CLIO, 2010) p. 651
  6. ^ Shripad Rama Sharma, The Making of Modern India: From A. D. 1526 to the Present Day (Orient Longmans, 1951) p. 223
  7. ^ Lars Guvå, Ångermanland (Almqvist & Wiksell, 1984) p. 135
  8. ^ Rättshistoriskt bibliotek ("Legal history library"), Vol. 48 (Institutet för rättshistorisk forskning, 1962)
  9. ^ John Moses and Joseph Kirkland, History of Chicago, Illinois (Munsell & Company, 1895) p. 15
  10. ^ "Miscellany: Sacred Spots in Illinois", Illinois Catholic Historical Review (January-April, 1923) p. 284
  11. ^ John Graf and Steve Skorpad, Chicago's Monuments, Markers, and Memorials (Arcadia Publishing, 2002) p. 66

Media files used on this page

Nicolaes Tulp.JPG
Das Portrait malte Pickenoy zum Dank für die erfolgte Behandlung seiner Tochter durch Dr. Tulp.
Bataille de Seneffe de B.Gagneraux.JPG
Détail représentant le jeune duc d'Enghien (Henri III Jules de Bourbon-Condé) sauvant son père, le Grand Condé (Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé).
Portrait of Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans in armour by Jean-Baptiste Santerre.png
Portrait of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans (1674-1723) then the "Regent of France" with the sash of the Order of the Holy Spirit, wearing armour.
Portrait of John Milton in National Portrait Gallery, London (detail)