1672

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1669
  • 1670
  • 1671
  • 1672
  • 1673
  • 1674
  • 1675
1672 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1672
MDCLXXII
Ab urbe condita2425
Armenian calendar1121
ԹՎ ՌՃԻԱ
Assyrian calendar6422
Balinese saka calendar1593–1594
Bengali calendar1079
Berber calendar2622
English Regnal year23 Cha. 2 – 24 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2216
Burmese calendar1034
Byzantine calendar7180–7181
Chinese calendar辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4368 or 4308
    — to —
壬子年 (Water Rat)
4369 or 4309
Coptic calendar1388–1389
Discordian calendar2838
Ethiopian calendar1664–1665
Hebrew calendar5432–5433
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1728–1729
 - Shaka Samvat1593–1594
 - Kali Yuga4772–4773
Holocene calendar11672
Igbo calendar672–673
Iranian calendar1050–1051
Islamic calendar1082–1083
Japanese calendarKanbun 11
(寛文11年)
Javanese calendar1594–1595
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4005
Minguo calendar240 before ROC
民前240年
Nanakshahi calendar204
Thai solar calendar2214–2215
Tibetan calendar阴金猪年
(female Iron-Pig)
1798 or 1417 or 645
    — to —
阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
1799 or 1418 or 646
June 12: King Louis XIV of France crosses the Rhine at Lobith.
December 30: Siege of Coevorden

1672 (MDCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1672nd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 672nd year of the 2nd millennium, the 72nd year of the 17th century, and the 3rd year of the 1670s decade. As of the start of 1672, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

August 20: Cornelis and Johan de Witt are killed by a mob in The Hague.


January–March

  • January 2 – After the government of England is unable to pay the nation's debts, King Charles II decrees the Stop of the Exchequer, the suspension of payments for one year "upon any warrant, securities or orders, whether registered or not registered therein, and payable within that time, excepting only such payments as shall grow due upon orders on the subsidy, according to the Act of Parliament, and orders and securities upon the fee farm rents, both which are to be proceeded upon as if such a stop had never been made." The money saved by not paying debts is redirected toward the expenses of the upcoming war with the Dutch Republic, but the effect is for the halt by banks for extending further credit to the Crown. Before the end of the year, the suspension of payments is extended from December 31 to May 31, and then to January 31, 1674.
  • January 11 – The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, national science academy for England, elects Isaac Newton to its membership and then demonstrations Newton's reflecting telescope to King Charles II.
  • January 13Pope Clement X issues regulations for the prerequisites of removing relics of Roman Catholic saints from sacred cemeteries, requiring advance approval from the Cardinal Vicar in Rome before the remains of the saint could be allowed for view. The Cardinal Vicar is directed to bar regular persons from viewing remains, and to limit inspection to high prelates and to princes.
  • January 25 – The Theatre Royal, located at the time on Bridges Street in London, burns down. [1] A replacement structure is built on Drury Lane in 1674.
  • February 16 (February 6, 1671 O.S.) – Isaac Newton sends for publication a paper regarding his experiments on the refraction of light through glass prisms and makes the first identification of the "primary colors" of visible light on the electromagnetic spectrum, reporting that "The Original or primary colours are, Red, Yellow, Green, Blew, and a Violet-purple, together with Orange, Indico, and an indefinite variety of Intermediate gradations." [2]
  • February 25Willem, Prince of Orange, the 21-year-old Stadtholder of Gelderland and Utrecht, is approved by the States General of the Dutch Republic to command the Dutch States Army for the impending war with England.
  • March 15Charles II of England issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence, suspending execution of Penal Laws against Protestant nonconformists and Roman Catholics in his realms;[3] this will be withdrawn the following year under pressure from the Parliament of England.
  • March 16 – At the Synod of Jerusalem, presided over by Dositheos II of Jerusalem, the 68 bishops and representatives from the whole of Eastern Orthodox Christendom close by approving the Orthodox dogma against the challenge of Protestantism, declaring against "the falsehoods of the adversaries which they have devised against the Eastern Church" and making a goal of "reformation of their innovations and for their return to the catholic and apostolic church in which their forefathers also were." [4]
  • March 17 – The Third Anglo-Dutch War begins as the Kingdom of England declares war on the Dutch Republic.[3]

April–June

July–September

October–December

  • October 2Manuel de Cendoya, Spain's Governor of Florida, breaks ground for the construction of the Castillo de San Marcos, a masonry fortress designed to protect St. Augustine. [7] Governor Cendoya follows on November 9 with the ceremonial laying for the first stone for the foundation.
  • October 18 – The Treaty of Buchach, between the Ottoman Empire and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, is signed.
  • November 24 – Five-year-old Sikandar Adil Shah is enthroned as the last Sultan of Bijapur (located in southwestern India in what is now the Karnataka state) upon the death of his father, the Sultan Ali Adil Shah II. In 1686, the sultanate of Bijapur is conquered and annexed by the Mughal Empire.
  • November 28 – After more than five years of administration of the Treasury of England by a five-member commission, Lord Clifford of Chudleigh, one of the commission members, becomes the Lord High Treasurer of England.
  • December 18
    • Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp ends her regency of the Swedish Empire after more than 12 years, having exercised power in the name of her minor son, Charles XI, since the death of her husband Karl X Gustav in 1660. Hedwig Eleonora had served as the chair of the six-member Regency Council.
    • An English invasion force captures the Caribbean island of Tobago from Dutch colonists and destroys the settlement.
  • December 23 – French astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini discovers Rhea, a previously-unknown satellite of the planet Saturn. Rhea is the second-largest overall, and the third moon of Saturn to be discovered by Earth astronomers, Titan having been found by Christiaan Huygens on March 25, 1655 and Iapetus by Cassini on October 25, 1671.
  • December 30 – Troops of the Dutch Republic, under the command of Carl von Rabenhaupt, are able to reclaim lost territory for the first time in the Third Anglo-Dutch War, liberating Coevorden, which had been forced to surrender to France on July 1. The moment, a boost for morale in what is remembered in Dutch history as the Rampjaar (the "Disaster Year"), is later memorialized in a painting by Pieter Wouwerman, The Storming of Coevorden.

Undated

  • Richard Hoare becomes a partner in the London goldsmith's business which, as private banking house C. Hoare & Co., will survive through to the 21st century.[8]
  • Foundation of the Chorina Comedy, the first theater in Russia.


Births

Peter I of Russia

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Brian Dobbs, Drury Lane: Three Centuries of the Theatre Royal, 1663–1971 (Cassell, 1972) p. 51
  2. ^ "A Letter of Mr. Isaac Newton, Professor of the Mathematicks in the University of Cambridge; Containing His New Theory about Light and Colors: Sent by the Author to the Publisher from Cambridge, Febr. 6. 1671/72; In Order to be Communicated to the R. Society", Philosophical Transactions, February 19, 1671/72
  3. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  4. ^ The Acts and Decrees of the Synod of Jerusalem, Sometimes Called the Council of Bethlehem, Holden Under Dositheus, Patriarch of Jerusalem in 1672, translated by J. N. W. B. Robertson (Thomas Baker publishing, 1899) pp. 173-181
  5. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 191–192. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  6. ^ Olaf van Nimwegen, The Dutch Army and the Military Revolutions, 1588-1688 (Boydell Press, 2010) p. 448
  7. ^ Albert C. Manucy, The Building of Castello de San Marcos (U.S. National Park Service, 2014)
  8. ^ Hutchings, Victoria (2005). Messrs Hoare, Bankers: a History of the Hoare Banking Dynasty.
  9. ^ St James Press; Anthony Levi; Retired Professor of French Anthony Levi (1992). Guide to French Literature: Beginnings to 1789. St. James Press. ISBN 978-1-55862-159-6.
  10. ^ Joseph Addison (1858). Addison's Spectator. Derby & Jackson. p. 306.
  11. ^ Stanley Sandler (2002). Ground Warfare: An International Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 676. ISBN 978-1-57607-344-5.
  12. ^ Harry W. Gay (1975). Four French Organist-composers, 1549-1720. Memphis State University Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-87870-022-6.
  13. ^ Valborg Lindgärde (March 8, 2018). "Maria Gustava Gyllenstierna". Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  14. ^ "Denis Gaultier". ArkivMusic. Retrieved April 2, 2021.
  15. ^ "Heinrich Schütz | German composer". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  16. ^ The Polish Review. Polish Institute of Arts and Sciences in America. 2001. p. 246.
  17. ^ Copleston, Frederick Charles (2003). A history of philosophy, Volume 4. Continuum International. p. 174. ISBN 978-0-8264-6898-7.

Media files used on this page

De bestorming van Coevorden, 30 december 1672, SK-A-486.jpg
De bestorming en verovering van Coevorden op 30 december 1672 door de troepen onder bevel van generaal Rabenhaupt. Infanterie en cavalerie trekken op in de richting van de vestingswallen om de versterkte stad.
Jan de Baen- De lijken van de gebroeders de Witt.jpg
The mutilated corpses of Johan and Cornelis de Witt, hung on the stake on the Groene Zoodje in The Hague, 20 August 1682. Bottom right a man with a torch.
Annebradstreet.jpg
one of the more common paintings of anne bradstreet