Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1630s
  • 1640s
  • 1650s
  • 1660s
  • 1670s
  • 1656
  • 1657
  • 1658
  • 1659
  • 1660
  • 1661
  • 1662
1659 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1659
Ab urbe condita2412
Armenian calendar1108
Assyrian calendar6409
Balinese saka calendar1580–1581
Bengali calendar1066
Berber calendar2609
English Regnal year10 Cha. 2 – 11 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2203
Burmese calendar1021
Byzantine calendar7167–7168
Chinese calendar戊戌(Earth Dog)
4355 or 4295
    — to —
己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4356 or 4296
Coptic calendar1375–1376
Discordian calendar2825
Ethiopian calendar1651–1652
Hebrew calendar5419–5420
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1715–1716
 - Shaka Samvat1580–1581
 - Kali Yuga4759–4760
Holocene calendar11659
Igbo calendar659–660
Iranian calendar1037–1038
Islamic calendar1069–1070
Japanese calendarManji 2
Javanese calendar1581–1582
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3992
Minguo calendar253 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar191
Thai solar calendar2201–2202
Tibetan calendar阳土狗年
(male Earth-Dog)
1785 or 1404 or 632
    — to —
(female Earth-Pig)
1786 or 1405 or 633
February 11: Assault on Copenhagen

1659 (MDCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1659th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 659th year of the 2nd millennium, the 59th year of the 17th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1659, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.




  • July – Christiaan Huygens's important work on astronomy, Systema Saturnium, is published.[2]
  • July 16 – Princess Henriette Catherine of Nassau marries John George II, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, in Groningen.
  • September 30Peter Stuyvesant of New Netherland forbids tennis playing during religious services (first mention of tennis in what will be the U.S.).
  • October 12 – The English Rump Parliament dismisses John Lambert, and other generals.
  • October 13 – General-major John Lambert drives out the English Rump-government.
  • November 7Treaty of the Pyrenees: King Louis XIV of France and King Philip IV of Spain agree to French acquisition of the counties of Roussillon and Upper Cerdanya (Principality of Catalonia) and most of Artois, and formally end their 24-year war.
  • November 25 – Dutch forces under Michiel de Ruyter free the Danish city of Nyborg from Swedish conquest (earlier in the year).
  • December 16 – General Monck demands free parliamentary elections in Scotland.
  • December 26 – The Long Parliament reforms occur in Westminster.

Date unknown

  • First British colonists arrive on Saint Helena.
  • Spanish Infanta Maria Theresa brings cocoa to Paris.
  • Diego Velázquez's portrait of Infanta Maria Theresa is first exhibited.
  • Thomas Hobbes publishes De Homine.
  • Parisian police raid a monastery, sending monks to prison for eating meat and drinking wine during Lent.
  • Drought occurs in India.[3]
  • Peter Swink, the first known non-white settler to own land in Massachusetts, and first known African to live in Springfield, Massachusetts, arrives. He holds a seat in the town meetings.


Henry Every
  • January 1Margaret Wemyss, 3rd Countess of Wemyss, Scottish noble (d. 1705)
  • January 4James Pierpont, Connecticut Congregationalist minister, a founder of Yale University (d. 1714)
  • January 11Ambrose Browne, English politician (d. 1688)
  • January 13Johann Arnold Nering, German architect (d. 1695)
  • January 17
    • Takatsukasa Kanehiro, Japanese court noble of the Edo period (d. 1725)
    • Antonio Veracini, Italian composer (d. 1745)
  • January 18Damaris Cudworth Masham, English philosopher (d. 1708)
  • January 21Adriaen van der Werff, Dutch painter (d. 1722)
  • January 28Sir Samuel Barnardiston, 2nd Baronet, English politician (d. 1709)
  • February 1Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch Pacific Ocean explorer (d. 1729)
  • February 14Theodore Eustace, Count Palatine of Sulzbach (d. 1732)
  • February 27William Sherard, English botanist (d. 1728)
  • March 4Pierre Lepautre (1659–1744), French sculptor (d. 1744)
  • March 6Salomon Franck, German lawyer, scientist and poet (d. 1725)
  • March 8Isaac de Beausobre, French Protestant pastor (d. 1738)
  • March 25John Asgill, Irish politician (d. 1738)
  • March 26William Wollaston, English philosopher (d. 1724)
  • April 8Christopher Tancred, English politician (d. 1705)
  • April 14
    • Albrecht of Saxe-Weissenfels, German prince (d. 1692)
    • William Delaune, English academic administrator and clergyman (d. 1728)
  • April 15Adam Ludwig Lewenhaupt, Swedish general (d. 1719)
  • April 16Jacques le Moyne de Sainte-Hélène, Canadian soldier (d. 1690)
  • April 29
    • Sophia Elisabet Brenner, Swedish writer (d. 1730)
    • Date Tsunamura, Japanese daimyō at the center of the Date Sōdō (d. 1719)
  • May 4John Dunton, English bookseller and author (d. 1733)
  • June 3David Gregory, Scottish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1708)
  • June 5Wolfgang George Frederick von Pfalz-Neuburg, German bishop (d. 1683)
  • June 7Henry Thompson (1659–1700), English politician and landowner (d. 1700)
  • June 11Yamamoto Tsunetomo, Japanese samurai (d. 1719)
  • June 15Claude de Ramezay, Canadian politician (d. 1724)
  • June 22Simon-Pierre Denys de Bonaventure, French officer and governor of Acadia (d. 1711)
  • June 26Sir John Brownlow, 3rd Baronet, English politician (d. 1697)
  • July 3Franz Beer, Austrian architect (d. 1726)
  • July 6Albert Wolfgang, Count of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (d. 1715)
  • July 8Justus van Huysum, Dutch painter (d. 1716)
  • July 14John Hutton (1659–1731), English politician (d. 1731)
  • July 16Anne Wharton, English poet (d. 1685)
  • July 18Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (d. 1743)
  • July 22Noadiah Russell, American colonial clergyman, a founder of Yale University (d. 1713)
  • July 28
    • Asano Tsunanaga, Japanese daimyō, ruler of the Hiroshima Domain (d. 1708)
    • Charles Ancillon, French Protestant pastor (d. 1715)
  • August 1Sebastiano Ricci, Italian painter (d. 1734)
  • August 2Andrew Archer, English politician (d. 1741)
  • August 17Robert Challe, French colonialist (d. 1721)
  • August 20Henry Every, English pirate (d. after 1696)
  • September 1Domenico Egidio Rossi, Italian architect (d. 1715)
  • September 5Michel Sarrazin, Canadian scientist (d. 1734)
  • September 10Henry Purcell, English composer (d. 1695)
  • September 12
    • Dirk Maas, Dutch painter (d. 1717)
    • Ferdinand Willem, Duke of Württemberg-Neuenstadt, Dutch general and noble (d. 1701)
  • September 13Claud Hamilton, 4th Earl of Abercorn, Scottish and Irish peer (k. in action 1691)
  • September 18Caleb Banks, English politician (d. 1696)
  • October 13George Verney, 12th Baron Willoughby de Broke, English peer and clergyman (d. 1728)
  • October 22Georg Ernst Stahl, German chemist (d. 1734)
  • October 28Nicholas Brady (poet), English poet and Anglican clergyman (d. 1726)
  • November 3Hui-bin Jang, Korean royal consort (d. 1701)
  • November 10Albert Borgard, Danish artillery and engineer officer (d. 1751)
  • November 19Jacques-Louis de Valon, French poet (d. 1719)
  • December 2John Brereton, 4th Baron Brereton, Irish peer (d. 1718)
  • December 12Francesco Galli Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1739)
  • December 18Matthieu Petit-Didier, French Benedictine theologian (d. 1728)
  • December 28François Catrou, French historian and Jesuit priest (d. 1737)


Willem Drost
Abel Tasman


  1. ^ On display at Westminster Abbey.
  2. ^ Robert D. Huerta (2003). Giants of Delft: Johannes Vermeer and the Natural Philosophers : the Parallel Search for Knowledge During the Age of Discovery. Bucknell University Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-8387-5538-9.
  3. ^ Khadg Singh Valdiya (2004). Coping with Natural Hazards: Indian Context. Orient Blackswan. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-250-2735-5.

Media files used on this page

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A globe icon in the Ambox-content style. This icon is used for important issues relating to the world and for stating the bias of worldwide information.
Henry Purcell by John Closterman.jpg

Henry Purcell, Artist Unknown. See source website for additional information.

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
Stormningen av Köpenhamn 11 feb. 1659.jpg
Assault on Copenhagen, February 11, 1659. - Stormningen av Köpenhamn 11 feb. 1659