Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1630s
  • 1640s
  • 1650s
  • 1660s
  • 1670s
  • 1653
  • 1654
  • 1655
  • 1656
  • 1657
  • 1658
  • 1659
1656 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1656
Ab urbe condita2409
Armenian calendar1105
Assyrian calendar6406
Balinese saka calendar1577–1578
Bengali calendar1063
Berber calendar2606
English Regnal yearCha. 2 – 8 Cha. 2
Buddhist calendar2200
Burmese calendar1018
Byzantine calendar7164–7165
Chinese calendar乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4352 or 4292
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4353 or 4293
Coptic calendar1372–1373
Discordian calendar2822
Ethiopian calendar1648–1649
Hebrew calendar5416–5417
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1712–1713
 - Shaka Samvat1577–1578
 - Kali Yuga4756–4757
Holocene calendar11656
Igbo calendar656–657
Iranian calendar1034–1035
Islamic calendar1066–1067
Japanese calendarMeireki 2
Javanese calendar1578–1579
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3989
Minguo calendar256 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar188
Thai solar calendar2198–2199
Tibetan calendar阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
1782 or 1401 or 629
    — to —
(male Fire-Monkey)
1783 or 1402 or 630
July 2830: Battle of Warsaw.

1656 (MDCLVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1656th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 656th year of the 2nd millennium, the 56th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1656, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.





  • The Stockholm Banco, the first bank to issue banknotes, is founded in Stockholm, Sweden.
  • The only English fifty shilling coin is minted.
  • Konoike Zen'amon (son of Konoike Shinroku) founds a baking and money-changing business in Osaka, Japan.
  • Adams' Grammar School at Newport, Shropshire, England is founded by William Adams.
  • Physician Samuel Stockhausen of the metal mining town of Goslar, Lower Saxony publishes his Libellus de lithargyrii fumo noxio morbifico, ejusque metallico frequentiori morbo vulgò dicto die Hütten Katze oder Hütten Rauch ("Treatise on the Noxious Fumes of Litharge, Diseases caused by them and Miners' Asthma"), a pioneering study of occupational disease.[1][2][3]


Duchess Johanna Magdalena of Saxe-Altenburg
Jan Frans van Douven


Jan van Goyen


  1. ^ Eisinger, J. (July 1982). "Lead and wine: Eberhard Gockel and the colica Pictonum". Medical History. 26 (3): 279–302. doi:10.1017/s0025727300041508. ISSN 0025-7273. PMC 1139187. PMID 6750289.
  2. ^ Risse, Guenter B. (2005). New Medical Challenges During the Scottish Enlightenment. Amsterdam: Rodopi. p. 207. ISBN 90-420-1814-3. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  3. ^ Rosen, George (1943). The History of Miners' Diseases: a medical and social interpretation (book preview). Schuman's. p. 10. Retrieved March 6, 2009.

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