1650

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
  • 1630s
  • 1640s
  • 1650s
  • 1660s
  • 1670s
Years:
  • 1647
  • 1648
  • 1649
  • 1650
  • 1651
  • 1652
  • 1653
1650 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1650
MDCL
Ab urbe condita2403
Armenian calendar1099
ԹՎ ՌՂԹ
Assyrian calendar6400
Balinese saka calendar1571–1572
Bengali calendar1057
Berber calendar2600
English Regnal yearCha. 2 – 2 Cha. 2
(Interregnum)
Buddhist calendar2194
Burmese calendar1012
Byzantine calendar7158–7159
Chinese calendar己丑(Earth Ox)
4346 or 4286
    — to —
庚寅年 (Metal Tiger)
4347 or 4287
Coptic calendar1366–1367
Discordian calendar2816
Ethiopian calendar1642–1643
Hebrew calendar5410–5411
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1706–1707
 - Shaka Samvat1571–1572
 - Kali Yuga4750–4751
Holocene calendar11650
Igbo calendar650–651
Iranian calendar1028–1029
Islamic calendar1059–1061
Japanese calendarKeian 3
(慶安3年)
Javanese calendar1571–1572
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3983
Minguo calendar262 before ROC
民前262年
Nanakshahi calendar182
Thai solar calendar2192–2193
Tibetan calendar阴土牛年
(female Earth-Ox)
1776 or 1395 or 623
    — to —
阳金虎年
(male Iron-Tiger)
1777 or 1396 or 624
(c) Richard Baker, CC BY-SA 2.0
April 27: Battle of Carbisdale.

1650 (MDCL) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1650th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 650th year of the 2nd millennium, the 50th year of the 17th century, and the 1st year of the 1650s decade. As of the start of 1650, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

January–June

  • April 27Battle of Carbisdale: A Royalist army invades mainland Scotland from the Orkney Islands, but is defeated by a Covenanter army.[1]
  • May 17 – A quarter of the New Model Army at the Siege of Clonmel in Ireland is trapped and killed.
  • June 9 – The Harvard Corporation, the more powerful of the two administrative boards of Harvard, is established (the first legal corporation in the Americas).
  • June 23 – Claimant King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland arrives in Scotland (at Garmouth), the only one of the three kingdoms that has accepted him as ruler.

July–December

Date unknown

  • The first modern Palio di Siena horserace is held in Italy.
  • Puritans chop down the original Glastonbury Thorn in England.
  • English highwayman and Captain James Hind campaigns for the Royalist cause (according to his own account).
  • Jews are allowed to return to France.
  • Three-wheeled wheelchairs are invented in Nuremberg by watchmaker Stephan Farffler.
  • Ethiopia deports Portuguese diplomats and missionaries.
  • Einkommende Zeitungen becomes the first German newspaper (ceases 1918).
  • The town of Sharon, Massachusetts is founded.
  • Estimation – Istanbul becomes the largest city of the world, taking the lead from Beijing.[1]

Births

  • January 1George Rooke, Royal Navy admiral (d. 1709)
  • January 10Countess Sophie Amalie of Nassau-Siegen, Duchess consort of Courland (1682-1688) (d. 1688)
  • February 2Nell Gwyn, English actress and royal mistress (d. 1687)
  • February 5Anne-Jules, 2nd duc de Noailles, French general (d. 1708)
  • February 26Tomás Marín de Poveda, 1st Marquis of Cañada Hermosa, Royal Governor of Chile (d. 1703)
  • February 27Jan Verkolje, Dutch painter (d. 1693)
  • March 6John Conyers (MP born 1650), English politician (d. 1725)
  • March 24Sir Jonathan Trelawny, 3rd Baronet, British bishop (d. 1721)
  • March 25
    • Sir Richard Cox, 1st Baronet, England (d. 1733)
    • Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Ilsenburg, German nobleman (d. 1710)
  • April 10Sebastiano Antonio Tanara, Spanish Catholic cardinal (d. 1724)
  • April 15Hedwig of the Palatinate-Sulzbach, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Saxe-Lauenburg (d. 1681)
  • April 18Sir Edward Dering, 3rd Baronet, English politician (d. 1689)
  • April 20
    • Felice Boselli, Italian painter (d. 1732)
    • William Bedloe, English fraudster and informer (d. 1680)
  • April 27Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel, Queen Consort of Denmark (1670-1699) (d. 1714)
  • May 19Cornelis HrR Ridder de Graeff, Dutch nobleman and chief landholder of the Zijpe and Haze Polder (d. 1678)
  • May 26John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general (d. 1722)
  • June 5Ogasawara Nagashige, Japanese daimyō (d. 1732)
  • June 14Carlo Alessandro Guidi, Italian lyric poet (d. 1712)
  • June 25Joseph Sherman (Massachusetts Bay Colony), American politician (d. 1731)
  • July 1Maria Anna Vasa, Polish princess (d. 1651)
  • July 6Frederick Casimir Kettler, Duke of Courland and Semigallia (d. 1698)
  • July 25William Burkitt, English biblical expositor, vicar in Dedham (d. 1703)
  • July 30Edward Lewis (Devizes MP), English politician (d. 1674)
  • August 7Louis Joseph, Duke of Guise (d. 1671)
  • August 16Vincenzo Coronelli, Franciscan friar, Italian cartographer, encyclopedist (d. 1718)
  • August 17Jean Gaston, Duke of Valois (d. 1652)
  • August 27Carl Philipp, Reichsgraf von Wylich und Lottum, Prussian field marshal (d. 1719)
  • August 30Ludovico Sabbatini, Italian priest (d. 1724)
  • September 7Juan Manuel María de la Aurora, 8th duke of Escalona, Spanish aristocrat (d. 1725)
  • September 14Theophilus Oglethorpe, English soldier, MP (d. 1702)
  • September 20Adrian Beverland, Dutch philosopher and jurist who settled in England (d. 1716)
  • September 23Jeremy Collier, English theatre critic, non-juror bishop and theologian (d. 1726)
  • October 9René Auguste Constantin de Renneville, French writer (d. 1723)
  • October 10
    • Jane Rolfe, granddaughter of Pocahontas (d. 1676)
    • Ulisse Giuseppe Gozzadini, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1728)
  • October 19Charles Erskine, Earl of Mar (d. 1689)
  • October 20Robert Shirley, 1st Earl Ferrers, English peer and courtier (d. 1717)
  • October 21Jean Bart, French admiral (d. 1702)
  • October 24Steven Blankaart, Dutch entomologist (d. 1704)
  • November 4 – King William III of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1702)
  • November 7John Robinson, English diplomat (d. 1723)
  • November 17Joanna Koerten, Dutch painter (d. 1715)
  • November 18Robert Walpole (1650–1700), English politician (d. 1700)
  • November 19Henry, Duke of Saxe-Römhild (d. 1710)
  • November 23Joseph Oriol, Spanish Catholic priest, saint (d. 1702)
  • November 28Jan Palfijn, Flemish surgeon and obstetrician (d. 1730)
  • November 30Domenico Martinelli, Italian architect (d. 1718)
  • December 3August of Saxe-Weissenfels (1650–1674), Prince of Saxe-Weissenfels and provost of Magdeburg (d. 1674)
  • December 6Johann Friedrich Mayer (theologian), German Lutheran theologian (d. 1712)
  • December 10Theophilus Hastings, 7th Earl of Huntingdon (d. 1701)
  • December 16
    • Alexander Hermann, Count of Wartensleben, Prussian field marshal (d. 1734)
    • Sir Robert Marsham, 4th Baronet, English politician (d. 1703)
  • December 17Christoph Arnold, German astronomer (d. 1695)
  • December 25Claude Aveneau, French missionary (d. 1711)
  • date unknown
    • Thomas Savery, English engineer and inventor (d. 1715)
    • Jan Antonín Losy, Czech lutist (d. 1721)

Deaths

References

  1. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Battle of Carbisdale (BTL19)". Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  2. ^ Historic Environment Scotland. "Battle of Dunbar II (BTL7)". Retrieved June 18, 2020.
  3. ^ A Scholler in Oxford (1651). Newes from the Dead, or a True and Exact Narration of the Miraculous Deliverance of Anne Greene; whereunto are prefixed certain Poems casually written upon that subject. Oxford: printed by Leonard Lichfield for Tho. Robinson. Includes Latin verses by Christopher Wren.
  4. ^ Hughes, J. Trevor (1982). "Miraculous Deliverance of Anne Green: An Oxford Case Of Resuscitation In The Seventeenth Century". British Medical Journal. 285 (6357): 1792–1793. doi:10.1136/bmj.285.6357.1792. JSTOR 29509089. PMC 1500297. PMID 6816370.
  5. ^ Gowing, Laura (2004). "Greene, Anne (c. 1628–1659)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/11413. Retrieved March 14, 2020. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  6. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBradley, Emily Tennyson (1893). "Levinz, Robert". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 161.

Media files used on this page

Dorgon, the Prince Rui (17th century).jpg
Dorgon (Manchu: Dorgon; simplified Chinese: 多尔衮; traditional Chinese: 多爾袞; pinyin: Duō'ěrgǔn) (17 November 1612 – 31 December 1650), also known as Hošoi Mergen Cin Wang, the Prince Rui, was Nurhaci's 14th son and a prince of the Qing Dynasty.
Ardvreck Castle.jpg
(c) Richard Baker, CC BY-SA 2.0
Ardvreck Castle on the Shore of Loch Assynt