Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1627
  • 1628
  • 1629
  • 1630
  • 1631
  • 1632
  • 1633
1630 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1630
Ab urbe condita2383
Armenian calendar1079
Assyrian calendar6380
Balinese saka calendar1551–1552
Bengali calendar1037
Berber calendar2580
English Regnal yearCha. 1 – 6 Cha. 1
Buddhist calendar2174
Burmese calendar992
Byzantine calendar7138–7139
Chinese calendar己巳(Earth Snake)
4326 or 4266
    — to —
庚午年 (Metal Horse)
4327 or 4267
Coptic calendar1346–1347
Discordian calendar2796
Ethiopian calendar1622–1623
Hebrew calendar5390–5391
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1686–1687
 - Shaka Samvat1551–1552
 - Kali Yuga4730–4731
Holocene calendar11630
Igbo calendar630–631
Iranian calendar1008–1009
Islamic calendar1039–1040
Japanese calendarKan'ei 7
Javanese calendar1551–1552
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3963
Minguo calendar282 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar162
Thai solar calendar2172–2173
Tibetan calendar阴土蛇年
(female Earth-Snake)
1756 or 1375 or 603
    — to —
(male Iron-Horse)
1757 or 1376 or 604
July 6: Gustav Adolf of Sweden makes landfall in Pomerania.

1630 (MDCXXX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1630th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 630th year of the 2nd millennium, the 30th year of the 17th century, and the 1st year of the 1630s decade. As of the start of 1630, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.


The Winthrop Fleet sails towards New England.


  • February 22Native American Quadequine introduces popcorn to English colonists.
  • MarchFedorovych Uprising: Zaporozhian Cossacks rebel against the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, and occupy a large part of modern-day Ukraine. After a number of indecisive skirmishes with a Polish army sent to pacify the region, the Treaty of Pereyaslav is signed, ending the uprising.
  • March 3 – A fleet sent by the Dutch West India Company captures Recife from the Portuguese, establishing Dutch Brazil.
  • March 9 – The 1630 Crete earthquake occurs.
  • April 8Puritan migration to New England (1620-1640): Winthrop Fleet – The ship Arbella and three others set sail from the Solent in England, with 400 passengers under the leadership of John Winthrop, headed for the Massachusetts Bay Colony in America; seven more, with another 300 aboard, follow in the next few weeks.
  • June – Scottish-born Presbyterian (and former physician) Alexander Leighton is brought before Archbishop William Laud's Star Chamber court in London for publishing the seditious pamphlet An Appeale to the Parliament, or, Sions Plea Against the Prelacy, an attack on Anglican bishops (printed in the Netherlands, 1628). He is sentenced to be pilloried and whipped, have his ears cropped, one side of his nose slit, and his face branded with "SS" (for "sower of sedition"), to be imprisoned, and be degraded from holy orders.[1]
  • June 6Swedish warships depart from Stockholm, Sweden for Central Europe.
  • June 14 – Passengers of the Arbella, including Anne Bradstreet, America's first poet of significance, finally set foot in the New World at Salem, Massachusetts.


Date unknown

  • Paramaribo (in modern-day Suriname) is first settled by the English.
  • The Deccan Famine of 1630–32 in India begins; it will kill some two million.
  • In the Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan's Pearl Mosque at Lahore Fort is consecrated (completed 1635).
  • The central square of Covent Garden in London is laid out, and a market begins to develop there.
  • Johann Heinrich Alsted's Encyclopaedia septem tomis distincta is published.
  • Settlers leave Pannaway Plantation and begin to settle in Strawbery Banke which in 1653 is renamed Portsmouth, New Hampshire.


Chatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Jan Vermeer van Utrecht
Pieter Gerritsz van Roestraten
Estephan El Douaihy



  • April 1Jacob Boreel, Dutch diplomat and politician (d. 1697)
  • April 7Ulrik Christian Gyldenløve, commander-in-chief of the Danish army (d. 1658)
  • April 16Lambert van Haven, Danish architect (d. 1695)
  • April 21Pieter Gerritsz van Roestraten, Dutch painter (d. 1700)
  • April 28Charles Cotton, English poet and writer (d. 1687)
  • May 3
    • Thomas Rosewell, English minister (d. 1692)
    • Jacob von Sandrart, German engraver (d. 1708)
  • May 4Hendrik Schoock, Dutch painter (d. 1707)
  • May 6Johan Hadorph, Swedish director-general of the Central Board of National Antiquities (d. 1693)
  • May 12Jean-Baptiste de Santeul, French writer (d. 1697)
  • May 17John Howe, English Puritan theologian (d. 1705)
  • May 29 – King Charles II of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1685)[4]
  • June 1Carlo Barberini, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1704)
  • June 4Jacques Rousseau, French painter (d. 1693)
  • June 7John Talbot of Lacock, English politician and general (d. 1714)
  • June 8Wolf Caspar von Klengel, German architect in Saxony (d. 1691)
  • June 10Willem van Bemmel, Dutch Golden Age painter (d. 1708)
  • June 24Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle, English politician (d. 1691)




  • Stefano Erardi, Maltese painter (d. 1716)[6]
  • John Leslie, 1st Duke of Rothes, Scottish noble (d. 1681)
  • Lucy Walter, Welsh mistress to King Charles II of England


Ambrogio Spinola


  1. ^ Condick, Frances (2004). "Leighton, Alexander (c.1570–1649)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online ed.). doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/16395. Retrieved March 20, 2013. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  2. ^ "Historical note". Archives Guide - Town of Boston. City of Boston. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
  3. ^ "Louis XIII | king of France". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
  4. ^ "Charles II | Biography, Accomplishments, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved December 30, 2020.
  5. ^ Keith Busby (1993). Les Manuscrits de Chrétien de Troyes. Rodopi. p. 95. ISBN 90-5183-603-1.
  6. ^ Schiavone, Michael J. (2009). Dictionary of Maltese Biographies Vol. 1 A–F. Pietà: Pubblikazzjonijiet Indipendenza. p. 756. ISBN 9789993291329.
  7. ^ Samuel Egerton Brydges (1805). Censura Literaria. Longman. p. 302.
  8. ^ University of Texas at Austin. Humanities Research Center; Johannes Kepler (1971). Johannes Kepler, 1571-1630: Exhibit of Books, Manuscripts and Related Materials, Quadricentennial Celebration. University of Texas at Austin. p. 3.

Media files used on this page

King Charles II by John Michael Wright or studio.jpg
This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have a known author, but have manually examined for strong evidence that the author was dead before 1939, such as approximate death dates, birth dates, floruit dates, and publication dates. See source website for additional information.
Winthrop Fleet.jpg
Arrival of the Winthrop Colony in Boston
Jan davids de heem-fleurs avec portrait guillaume III d'Orange.jpg
French: Guirlande de fleurs et de fruits avec le portrait de Guillaume III d'Orange. Edit this at Wikidata
Flower garland with portrait of William III of Orange, aged 10
label QS:Lfr,"Guirlande de fleurs et de fruits avec le portrait de Guillaume III d'Orange"
label QS:Len,"Flower garland with portrait of William III of Orange, aged 10"
Johannes Kepler 1610.jpg
Portrait d'un inconnu, qui daterait de 1610, souvent confondu avec Johannes Kepler.
Shivaji British Museum.jpg
छत्रपती शिवाजी महाराजांचे हे चित्र लंडन इथल्या ब्रिटीश संग्रहालयातील आहे.
Pieter Gerritsz van Roestraten, by Abraham Bloteling.jpg
Pieter Gerritsz. van Roestraeten, Haarlem 1629/1630 - Londen 1698
  • mezzotint
  • 27.4 x b. 21.4 mm
  • ca. 1660 -1690
  • inscribed b.l.: P Roestrate Pinxit
  • inscribed b.r.: A Blooteling. fecit et ex
Olaus Rudbeck Sr (portrait by Martin Mijtens Sr, 1696).jpg
Rudbeck was an anatomist, and one of the discoverers of the lymphic vessels in 1651-52 (discovered independently by the Dane Thomas Bartholin at about the same time), and was long professor of Medicine at Uppsala University. He also founded the earliest botanical garden in Uppsala (later named after Carolus Linnaeus) and initiated a major botanical work with detailed copperplate engravings, some of which were printed but many of which were destroyed in the Uppsala fire in 1702 before publication. He is also known as an engineer and architect, who, among other things, designed the anatomical theatre in the Gustavianum building in Uppsala, and as a speculative historical writer who tried to prove that Sweden was in fact the lost Atlantis.
Gustav II Adolf landstiger i Tyskland.jpg
Gustav II Adolf landstiger i Tyskland