1625

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1622
  • 1623
  • 1624
  • 1625
  • 1626
  • 1627
  • 1628
1625 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1625
MDCXXV
Ab urbe condita2378
Armenian calendar1074
ԹՎ ՌՀԴ
Assyrian calendar6375
Balinese saka calendar1546–1547
Bengali calendar1032
Berber calendar2575
English Regnal year22 Ja. 1 – 1 Cha. 1
Buddhist calendar2169
Burmese calendar987
Byzantine calendar7133–7134
Chinese calendar甲子(Wood Rat)
4321 or 4261
    — to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4322 or 4262
Coptic calendar1341–1342
Discordian calendar2791
Ethiopian calendar1617–1618
Hebrew calendar5385–5386
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1681–1682
 - Shaka Samvat1546–1547
 - Kali Yuga4725–4726
Holocene calendar11625
Igbo calendar625–626
Iranian calendar1003–1004
Islamic calendar1034–1035
Japanese calendarKan'ei 2
(寛永2年)
Javanese calendar1546–1547
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3958
Minguo calendar287 before ROC
民前287年
Nanakshahi calendar157
Thai solar calendar2167–2168
Tibetan calendar阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1751 or 1370 or 598
    — to —
阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1752 or 1371 or 599
June 2: The surrender of Breda to Spanish troops after an eleven-month siege.

1625 (MDCXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1625th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 625th year of the 2nd millennium, the 25th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1620s decade. As of the start of 1625, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

September 15: The Capture of Ré island.

January–June

July–December

  • July – The Barbary pirates first attack south-western England.[2] In August they enslave about 60 people from Mount's Bay in Cornwall.[3]
  • August 6Ernest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz is appointed as stadtholder of Groningen.
  • August 16Ernest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz is appointed stadtholder of Drenthe.
  • September 8 – The Treaty of Southampton makes an alliance between England and the Dutch Republic, against Spain.[4]
  • September 13 – A total of 16 rabbis (including Isaiah Horowitz) are imprisoned in Jerusalem.
  • September 15 – After several skirmishes in the preceding days, troops under the Marquis of Toiras successfully recapture the island of Ré, forcing the Duke of Soubise to flee to England, and ending the second Huguenot rebellion.
  • September 24 – A Dutch fleet attacks San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • October 25 – A Dutch fleet attacks the Portuguese garrison at Elmina castle at modern-day Elmina, Ghana, but is defeated with heavy casualties. This defeat, along with the defeats at Bahia and Puerto Rico, causes a five-year-long lull in Dutch attacks on Spanish and Portuguese colonies.
  • November 17Cádiz Expedition: English forces commanded by Admiral George Villiers (which set out from Plymouth on October 8) are decisively defeated by the Spanish at Cádiz.
  • December 9Thirty Years' War: The Netherlands and England sign the Treaty of The Hague, a military peace treaty for providing economical aid to King Christian IV of Denmark, during his military campaigns in Germany.

Date unknown

Births

Carlo Maratta

January–March

  • January 29Thieleman J. van Braght, Dutch Anabaptist author (d. 1664)
  • February 1Leopold Louis, Count Palatine of Veldenz, German noble (d. 1694)
  • February 9Jobst Herman, Count of Lippe, Sternberg and Schwalenberg (d. 1678)
  • February 14Countess Palatine Maria Eufrosyne of Zweibrücken, Swedish princess (d. 1687)
  • February 18Giovanni Giuseppe Cosattini, Italian painter (d. 1699)
  • February 21Joan Huydecoper II, Dutch mayor (d. 1704)
  • March 1William Gregory, English politician and judge (d. 1696)
  • March 14Daniel Gittard, French architect (d. 1686)
  • March 25
    • Ann, Lady Fanshawe, English memoirist (d. 1680)
    • John Collins, English mathematician (d. 1683)

April–June

  • April 4Sir John Drake, 1st Baronet, English Member of Parliament (d. 1669)
  • April 5Domenico Maria Canuti, Italian painter of the Baroque period (d. 1684)
  • April 18Sir John Baber, English physician to Charles II (d. 1704)
  • April 25John Frederick, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, Duke of Brunswick-Calenberg (1665–1679) (d. 1679)
  • May 9George Pitt, English politician (d. 1694)
  • May 11Elisabeth Marie, Duchess of Oels, Regent of Oels (1664–1672) (d. 1686)
  • May 13Carlo Maratta, Italian painter (d. 1713)
  • May 23John Louis, Count of Nassau-Ottweiler (d. 1690)
  • May 25
    • John Davies, Welsh translator and writer (d. 1693)
    • Gaspar Téllez-Girón, 5th Duke de Osuna, Spanish duke (d. 1694)
  • June 8Giovanni Domenico Cassini, Italian astronomer and engineer (d. 1712)
  • June 10János Apáczai Csere, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1659)
  • June 16Samuel Chappuzeau, French scholar (d. 1701)
  • June 17Peder Hansen Resen, Danish historian (d. 1688)
  • June 22Henry Cromwell-Williams, English politician (d. 1673)
  • June 23John Fell, English churchman and influential academic (d. 1686)

July–September

  • July 9Sarah Rapelje, first white European Christian female born in New Netherland (d. 1685)
  • July 10Jean Herauld Gourville, French adventurer (d. 1703)
  • July 27Edward Montagu, 1st Earl of Sandwich (d. 1672)
  • July 30Philippe François, 1st Duke of Arenberg (d. 1674)
  • August 9Hans Rosing, Norwegian bishop (d. 1699)
  • August 10
    • Johann Deutschmann, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1706)
    • Augustine Reding, Swiss abbot and theologian (d. 1692)
  • August 13Rasmus Bartholin, Danish physician and scientist (d. 1698)
  • August 14François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris (d. 1695)
  • August 20Thomas Corneille, French dramatist (d. 1709)[8]
  • August 21John Claypole, English politician (d. 1688)
  • September 2Federico Baldeschi Colonna, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1691)
  • September 4Johan van Rensselaer, Dutch noble (d. 1663)
  • September 5Charles II Otto, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (1669–1671) (d. 1671)
  • September 7Henry Frederick, Count of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1628–1699) (d. 1699)
  • September 8William Bond, first Speaker of the Massachusetts Province House of Representatives (d. 1695)
  • September 13Thomas Reynell, English politician (d. 1698)
  • September 16Gregorio Barbarigo, Italian Catholic saint (d. 1697)
  • September 23Ferdinand Maximilian, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Baden, father of Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden (d. 1669)
  • September 24Johan de Witt, Dutch politician (d. 1672)[9]

October–December

  • October 2Vere Essex Cromwell, 4th Earl of Ardglass, English noble (d. 1687)
  • October 4Jacqueline Pascal, French child prodigy and sister of Blaise Pascal (d. 1661)
  • October 5Edward, Count Palatine of Simmern (d. 1663)
  • October 6Francis Small, English trader and landowner residing primarily in Kittery, Maine (d. 1714)
  • October 9Jacques Henri de Durfort de Duras, French noble (d. 1704)
  • October 10Erik Dahlbergh, Swedish engineer, soldier and field marshal (d. 1703)
  • October 19Pierre Nicole, French Jansenist (d. 1695)
  • October 23Charles Cheyne, 1st Viscount Newhaven, English Member of Parliament (d. 1698)
  • October 26Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł, Polish-Lithuanian noble (d. 1680)
  • October 31Christen Jensen Lodberg, Danish bishop (d. 1693)
  • November 1Oliver Plunkett, Irish archbishop, martyr and saint (d. 1681)
  • November 7Henri II, Duke of Nemours, 7th Duc de Nemours (1652–59) (d. 1659)
  • November 8Mary Rich, Countess of Warwick, 7th daughter of Richard Boyle (d. 1678)
  • November 12Sir Edward Dering, 2nd Baronet, Irish politician (d. 1684)
  • November 13William Christoph, Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Germany (d. 1681)
  • November 20
    • Tønne Huitfeldt, Norwegian landowner and military officer (d. 1677)
    • Paulus Potter, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
  • November 30Jean Domat, French jurist (d. 1696)
  • December 8Margaret Mostyn, English Carmelite nun (d. 1679)
  • December 10Melchior Barthel, German sculptor (d. 1672)
  • December 14Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (d. 1695)
  • December 16Erhard Weigel, German mathematician, astronomer and philosopher (d. 1699)
  • December 20
    • Tamás Esterházy, Hungarian noble (d. 1652)
    • David Gregory, Scottish physician and inventor (d. 1720)
  • December 24Johann Rudolph Ahle, German composer and organist (d. 1673)

Date unknown

  • Margareta Beijer, director of the Swedish royal post office (d. 1675)

Deaths

Arthur Chichester, 1st Baron Chichester died 19 February
Andres de Soto died 5 April
Adriaan van den Spiegel died 7 April
Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche died 18 August
Duchess Anna of Prussia died 30 August
Sofonisba Anguissola died 16 November

January–March

April–June

  • April 5Andres de Soto, Franciscan preacher and spiritual writer (b. 1552)
  • April 7Adriaan van den Spiegel, Flemish physician, anatomist (b. 1578)
  • April 10Michael de Sanctis, Spanish Trinitarian priest (b. 1591)
  • April 15Thomas Field, Irish Jesuit (b. 1546)
  • April 16Nicholas Assheton, English country squire, writer (b. 1590)
  • April 23Maurice, Prince of Orange (b. 1567)
  • April 30
    • Marco Passionei, Italian Catholic, member of the Order of Friars Minor (b. 1560)
    • Lawrence Tanfield, British politician (b. 1551)
  • May 7John Garrard, Lord Mayor of London (1601-1602) (b. 1550)
  • May 25William Barlow, British scientist (b. 1603)
  • June 1Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (b. 1568)
  • June 2Mōri Terumoto, Japanese warrior (b. 1553)
  • June 5Orlando Gibbons, English composer and organist (b. 1583)

July–September

  • July 1Teimuraz I, Prince of Mukhrani, Georgian prince (b. 1572)
  • July 19Samuel Besler, Polish composer (b. 1574)
  • July 26Johannes Piscator, German theologian (b. 1546)
  • August 3Ludovico Bertonio, Italian missionary (b. 1552)
  • August 14Hans Rottenhammer, German artist (b. 1564)
  • August 15Mary Cholmondeley, English medieval lady, litigant over her inheritance (b. 1563)
  • August 18Edward la Zouche, 11th Baron Zouche, English diplomat (b. 1556)
  • August 19Enno III, Count of East Frisia, Count of Ostfriesland (1599-1625) from the Cirksena Family (b. 1563)
  • August 29John Fletcher, English writer (b. 1579)
  • August 30Duchess Anna of Prussia, daughter of Albert Frederick (b. 1576)
  • September 4Thomas Smythe, English diplomat (b. 1558)
  • September 6Thomas Dempster, Scottish historian (b. 1579)
  • September 11Charles Montagu, English politician (b. 1564)
  • September 14
    • Pieter Isaacsz, Dutch painter (b. 1569)
    • Edward Mayhew, English priest (b. 1569)
  • September 19Eitel Frederick von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, German Catholic cardinal (b. 1582)
  • September 20Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (b. 1555)
  • September 26Edward Stafford, 4th Baron Stafford of England (b. 1572)

October–December

Date unknown

References

  1. ^ David Williamson (1986). Debrett's Kings and Queens of Britain. Salem House. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-88162-213-3.
  2. ^ Milton, Giles (2005). White Gold. Hodder & Stoughton.
  3. ^ Matar, Nabil (1998). Islam in Britain, 1558-1685. Cambridge University Press. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-521-62233-2.
  4. ^ Everett, Jason M., ed. (2006). "1625". The People's Chronology. Thomson Gale.
  5. ^ "The Battery Highlights : New York City Gov Parks". nycgovparks.org. Retrieved March 6, 2016.
  6. ^ Wheeler, M.Inst.C.E, William Henry (1896). A History of the Fens of South Lincolnshire, being a description of the rivers Witham and Welland and their estuary, and an account of the Reclamation, Drainage, and Enclosure of the fens adjacent thereto. (2nd ed.). J.M. Newcombe (Boston), Simpkin, Marshall & Co. (London). p. 31. doi:10.1680/ahotfosl2e.50358.
  7. ^ Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 248–253. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  8. ^ David A. Collins (1966). Thomas Corneille: Protean Dramatist. Mouton. p. 14. ISBN 978-3-11-205657-8.
  9. ^ Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen; Rudolf E. O. Ekkart; Quentin Buvelot (1995). Dutch portraits from the seventeenth century. Museum Boymans-Van Beuningen. p. 22. ISBN 978-90-6918-140-0.
  10. ^ Henry Wyles Cushman (1855). A Historical and Biographical Genealogy of the Cushmans: The Descendants of Robert Cushman, the Puritan, from the Year 1617 to 1855. Little, Brown. p. 77.
  11. ^ "James I and VI". BBC History. Retrieved April 2, 2018.

Media files used on this page

Adriaan van den Spieghel.jpg
Adriaan van den Spiegel.
Velazquez-The Surrender of Breda.jpg
La obra representa el momento en que Justino de Nassau rindió la ciudad de Breda, en 1625, a las tropas españolas al mando del general Ambrosio Spínola, que aparece recibiendo las llaves de la ciudad de manos de su enemigo.
Oliver Plunket by Edward Luttrell.jpg

Oliver Plunket, by Edward Luttrell (died 1737). See source website for additional information.

This set of images was gathered by User:Dcoetzee from the National Portrait Gallery, London website using a special tool. All images in this batch have been confirmed as author died before 1939 according to the official death date listed by the NPG.
Soubise 12 15 Septembre 1625.jpg
Soubise_12_15_Septembre_1625