1621

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1618
  • 1619
  • 1620
  • 1621
  • 1622
  • 1623
  • 1624
1621 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1621
MDCXXI
Ab urbe condita2374
Armenian calendar1070
ԹՎ ՌՀ
Assyrian calendar6371
Balinese saka calendar1542–1543
Bengali calendar1028
Berber calendar2571
English Regnal year18 Ja. 1 – 19 Ja. 1
Buddhist calendar2165
Burmese calendar983
Byzantine calendar7129–7130
Chinese calendar庚申(Metal Monkey)
4317 or 4257
    — to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
4318 or 4258
Coptic calendar1337–1338
Discordian calendar2787
Ethiopian calendar1613–1614
Hebrew calendar5381–5382
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1677–1678
 - Shaka Samvat1542–1543
 - Kali Yuga4721–4722
Holocene calendar11621
Igbo calendar621–622
Iranian calendar999–1000
Islamic calendar1030–1031
Japanese calendarGenna 7
(元和7年)
Javanese calendar1542–1543
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3954
Minguo calendar291 before ROC
民前291年
Nanakshahi calendar153
Thai solar calendar2163–2164
Tibetan calendar阳金猴年
(male Iron-Monkey)
1747 or 1366 or 594
    — to —
阴金鸡年
(female Iron-Rooster)
1748 or 1367 or 595
The Siege of Montauban.

1621 (MDCXXI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1621st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 621st year of the 2nd millennium, the 21st year of the 17th century, and the 2nd year of the 1620s decade. As of the start of 1621, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

January–June

July–December

Date unknown

  • The Venezuelan city of Petare is founded by Spanish conquistadors, as San Jose de Guanarito.
  • The Swedish city of Gothenburg is founded by King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden.[7] The king also grants city rights to Luleå, Piteå and Torneå (Tornio). Riga falls under the rule of Sweden.
  • Tamblot starts the Tamblot Uprising, in the Philippines.
  • The Dutch East India Company sends 2,000 soldiers, under the command of Jan Pieterszoon Coen, to the Banda Islands, in order to force the local inhabitants to accept the Dutch trade monopoly on the lucrative nutmeg, grown almost exclusively on those islands. The soldiers proceed to massacre most of the 15,000 indigenous inhabitants.


Births

Lamoral II Claudius Franz, Count of Thurn and Taxis
Erzsébet Thurzó
William Penn
Rutger von Ascheberg born 2 June
Edward Proger

January–March

  • January 16Magnus Celsius, Swedish astronomer and mathematician (d. 1679)
  • January 27Thomas Willis, English doctor who played an important part in the history of anatomy (d. 1675)
  • January 30George II Rákóczi, Hungarian nobleman (d. 1660)
  • February 2Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (d. 1679)
  • February 4Frederick, Burgrave of Dohna, Dutch officer, and governor of Orange (d. 1688)
  • February 14Sibylla Schwarz, German poet (d. 1638)
  • February 20Erzsébet Thurzó, Hungarian noblewoman (d. 1642)
  • February 21Rebecca Nurse, Massachusetts colonist, executed as a witch (d. 1692)
  • February – Lamoral II Claudius Franz, Count of Thurn and Taxis, Postmaster General of the Holy Roman Empire (1646–1676) (d. 1676)
  • March 1John Alleyn, Cornish barrister (d. 1663)
  • March 2Louis Günther II, Count of Schwarzburg-Ebeleben (1642–1681) (d. 1681)
  • March 9Egbert van der Poel, Dutch painter (d. 1664)
  • March 16Georg Neumark, German poet and composer of hymns (d. 1681)
  • March 24John VI, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (1621–1667) (d. 1667)
  • March 26 (bapt.)Jacob van der Ulft, Dutch painter (d. 1689)
  • March 27Margrave Charles Magnus of Baden-Durlach (d. 1658)
  • March 28Heinrich Schwemmer, German music teacher and composer (d. 1696)
  • March 31Andrew Marvell, English metaphysical poet and politician (d. 1678)[8]

April–June

  • April 1Guru Tegh Bahadur, 9th Sikh Guru (d. 1675)
  • April 7Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken (1640–1642) (d. 1642)
  • April 17
    • Henry Vaughan, Welsh author (d. 1695)[9]
    • Thomas Vaughan, Welsh philosopher (d. 1666)[9]
  • April 23
    • Georg Arnold, Austrian musician (d. 1676)
    • William Penn, English admiral and politician (d. 1670)
  • April 25Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, Anglo-Irish soldier, statesman and dramatist (d. 1679)
  • May 25David Beck, Dutch portrait painter (d. 1656)
  • June 2
    • Rutger von Ascheberg, Courland-born soldier in Swedish service (d. 1693)
    • Jørgen Bjelke, Norwegian officer and nobleman (d. 1696)
    • Isaac van Ostade, Dutch painter (d. 1649)
  • June 6Petar Zrinski, Croatian viceroy (executed 1671)
  • June 16Edward Proger, Member of Parliament for Brecknockshire (d. 1713)
  • June 29Willem van der Zaan, Dutch admiral (d. 1669)

July–September

October–December

  • October 3
    • Claude Maltret, French Jesuit (d. 1674)
    • Friedrich Werner, German musician (d. 1660)
  • October 8Maximilian Henry of Bavaria, Roman Catholic bishop (d. 1688)
  • October 18Michael Angelo Immenraet, Flemish painter (d. 1683)
  • October 20Şehzade Ömer, Ottoman prince (d. 1622)
  • October 21
    • Nicholas Barré, French Minim friar, priest and founder (d. 1686)
    • Richard Standish, English politician (d. 1662)
  • October 23Lord John Stewart, Scottish aristocrat, Royalist commander in the English Civil War (d. 1644)
  • October 24Serafina of God, founder of seven Carmelite monasteries of nuns in southern Italy (d. 1699)
  • October 29The London Pageant of 1621 celebrates the inauguration of Edward Barkham (Lord Mayor).[14]
  • November 11Israel Tonge, English churchman and anti-Catholic conspirator (d. 1680)
  • November 15
    • Cornelis Geelvinck, Dutch mayor (d. 1689)
    • Henry Mordaunt, 2nd Earl of Peterborough, English diplomat (d. 1697)
  • December 3Bohuslav Balbín, Czech writer and Jesuit (d. 1688)
  • December 10Christian Albert, Burgrave and Count of Dohna, German nobleman and general in the army of Brandenburg (d. 1677)
  • December 12Gerard Pietersz Hulft, Dutch general (d. 1656)
  • December 23
    • Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, English politician (d. 1682)
    • Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate whose mysterious death caused anti-Catholic uproar in England (d. 1678)

Approximate date

  • Richard Allestree, English churchman and provost of Eton College (d. 1681)

Deaths

January–March

Pietro Aldobrandini
Servant of God Ana de Jesús

April–June

Venerable Anne de Xainctonge
  • April 1Cristofano Allori, Italian painter (b. 1577)
  • April 6
    • Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria (b. 1574)
    • Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford (b. 1539)
  • April 18Bridget Chaworth, English noble (b. 1542)
  • April 21Anne of Ostfriesland, German noblewoman (b. 1562)
  • April – John Carver, first governor of Plymouth Colony
  • May 3Elizabeth Bacon, English Tudor gentlewoman (b. 1541)
  • May 11Johann Arndt, German theologian (b. 1555)
  • May 15Hendrick de Keyser, Dutch architect and sculptor (b. 1565)
  • June 2
    • Dorothea of Lorraine (b. 1545)
    • Eilhard Lubinus, German theologian (b. 1565)
  • June 8Anne de Xainctonge, French Roman Catholic nun (b. 1567)
  • June 21
    • Kryštof Harant z Polžic a Bezdružic, Bohemian composer, soldier and author (executed) (b. 1564)
    • Maxmilián Hošťálek, Czech noble and politician (executed) (b. 1564)
    • Joachim Andreas von Schlick, Czech leader (executed) (b. 1569)
    • Jan Jesenius, Slovak physician (executed) (b. 1566)
  • June 23Zsigmond Forgách, Hungarian noble and soldier (b. 1559)
  • June 26Christence Kruckow, Danish noble (b. 1558)

July–September

Guillaume du Vair
John Barclay
Bahāʾ al-dīn al-ʿĀmilī

October–December

Paul Phélypeaux de Pontchartrain

References

  1. ^ Philbrick, Nathaniel (2006). Mayflower: A Story of Community, Courage and War. New York: Penguin Books. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-14-311197-9.
  2. ^ Claudio Monteverdi (October 31, 1980). The Letters of Claudio Monteverdi. Cambridge University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-521-23591-4.
  3. ^ "Kojamo-veistos yhdistää asiat, joista 400-vuotias Tornio elää: teräksen ja lohen – tutkija listaa 5 tapahtumaa, jotka ovat muuttaneet kaupunkia". YLE (in Finnish). Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  4. ^ Nelson Greene (1931). History of the Valley of the Hudson: River of Destiny, 1609-1930. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 215.
  5. ^ a b Stanisław Żółkiewski (1959). Expedition to Moscow: A Memoir. Polonica Publications. p. 34.
  6. ^ George Sarton (1936). A Volume of Studies on the History of Mathematics and the History of Science: Presented to Professor David Eugene Smith on His 76th Birthday (Jan. 21, 1936). Saint Catherine Press Limited. p. 724-725.
  7. ^ Maurice Willmore Barley; Council for British Archaeology (1977). European towns: their archaeology and early history. Published for the Council for British Archaeology by Academic Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-12-078850-7.
  8. ^ Andrew Marvell, Poet & Politician, 1621-78: An Exhibition to Commemorate the Tercentenary of His Death, British Library Reference Division, 14 July-1 October 1978. British Museum Publications for the British Library. 1978. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-7141-0395-2.
  9. ^ a b Adolphus William Ward (1949). The Cambridge history of English literature: From the beginnings to the cycles of romance. CUP Archive. p. 37.
  10. ^ Marie Odile Sweetser (1987). La Fontaine. Twayne Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-8057-6639-4.
  11. ^ Lund, Emil Ferdinand Svitzer (1897). "Leonora Christina, Grevinde Ulfeld". Danske malede portraetter: en beskrivende katalog (in Danish). 2. Copenhagen: Gyldendal. pp. 193–203.
  12. ^ "First baby beaver born on Exmoor in 400 years". BBC News. July 13, 2021.
  13. ^ "Louis II de Bourbon, 4e prince de Condé | French general and prince". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
  14. ^ Tracey Hill, Pageantry and Power: A Cultural History of the Early Modern Lord Mayor's Show, 1585–1639 (Manchester, 2017), p. 312.
  15. ^ "PICKERING, Christopher (c.1556-1621), of Threlkeld, Cumb.; later of Ormside alias Prinshead, Westmld". History of Parliament. Retrieved May 20, 2018.
  16. ^ Kenneth Meyer Setton (1991). Venice, Austria, and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century. American Philosophical Society. p. 37. ISBN 978-0-87169-192-7.
  17. ^ Selma Jeanne Cohen; George E. Dorris (1998). International Encyclopedia of Dance: A Project of Dance Perspectives Foundation, Inc. Oxford University Press. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-19-512309-8.
  18. ^ Frederick Charles Danvers (1988). The Portuguese in India: Being a History of the Rise and Decline of Their Eastern Empire. Asian Educational Services. p. 219. ISBN 978-81-206-0391-2.
  19. ^ Pearl Hogrefe (1977). Women of Action in Tudor England: Nine Biographical Sketches. Iowa State University Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-8138-0910-6.

Media files used on this page

Thurzo Erzsebet.jpg
Erzsébet Thurzó, daughter of Imre Thurzó and wife of István esterházy
Xainctonge Gemälde2.jpg
A painting of about 1687 showing Anne de Xainctonge, foundress of the Society of the Sisters of Saint Ursule of Anne de Xainctonge
Phélypeaux de Pontchartrain, Paul.jpg
Portrait of Paul Phélypeaux de Pontchartrain, secrétaire d'État."
Siege of Montauban 1621 Merian 1646.jpg
Siege_of_Montauban_1621_Merian_1646
Giovanni berchmans.jpg
Author/Creator: Santi Beati, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
São João Berchmans
John Barclay (poet).jpg
John Barclay, line engraving
Edward Proger Peter Lely.jpg
Painting of Edward Proger
Lamoral Claudius Franz von Thurn und Taxis.jpg
Lamoral Claudius Franz von Thurn und Taxis
1593 ALDOBRANDINI PIETRO SMOM.jpg
Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, potrait by Ottavio Leoni
Sheik bahayi.jpg

Bahāʾ al-dīn al-ʿĀmilī

Rutger von Ascheberg.jpg
Rutger von Ascheberg (1621-1693)
Ana de Jesús2.jpg
Author/Creator: Unknown authorUnknown author, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Retrato de Ana de Jesús
Saint Robert Bellarmine.png

Saint Robert Bellarmine, Jesuit and Doctor of the Church Born 4 October, 1542, Montepulciano, Italy Died 17 September, 1621, Rome, Italy Venerated in Catholicism Beatified 13 May 1923 by Pope Pius XI

Canonized 29 June 1930 by Pope Pius XI
Paul V Caravaggio.jpg
Latin: Papa Paulus V
title QS:P1476,la:"Papa Paulus V"
label QS:Lla,"Papa Paulus V"
Thomas Willis ODNB.jpg
Thomas Willis (27 January 1621 – 11 November 1675)