1613

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
  • 16th century
  • 17th century
  • 18th century
Decades:
  • 1590s
  • 1600s
  • 1610s
  • 1620s
  • 1630s
Years:
  • 1610
  • 1611
  • 1612
  • 1613
  • 1614
  • 1615
  • 1616
1613 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1613
MDCXIII
Ab urbe condita2366
Armenian calendar1062
ԹՎ ՌԿԲ
Assyrian calendar6363
Balinese saka calendar1534–1535
Bengali calendar1020
Berber calendar2563
English Regnal year10 Ja. 1 – 11 Ja. 1
Buddhist calendar2157
Burmese calendar975
Byzantine calendar7121–7122
Chinese calendar壬子(Water Rat)
4309 or 4249
    — to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
4310 or 4250
Coptic calendar1329–1330
Discordian calendar2779
Ethiopian calendar1605–1606
Hebrew calendar5373–5374
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1669–1670
 - Shaka Samvat1534–1535
 - Kali Yuga4713–4714
Holocene calendar11613
Igbo calendar613–614
Iranian calendar991–992
Islamic calendar1021–1022
Japanese calendarKeichō 18
(慶長18年)
Javanese calendar1533–1534
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3946
Minguo calendar299 before ROC
民前299年
Nanakshahi calendar145
Thai solar calendar2155–2156
Tibetan calendar阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
1739 or 1358 or 586
    — to —
阴水牛年
(female Water-Ox)
1740 or 1359 or 587
August: Battle of Cape Corvo

1613 (MDCXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1613th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 613th year of the 2nd millennium, the 13th year of the 17th century, and the 4th year of the 1610s decade. As of the start of 1613, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Events

January–June

  • January 11 – Workers in a sandpit in the Dauphiné region of France discover the skeleton of what is alleged to be a 30-foot tall man (the remains, it is supposed, of the giant Teutobochus, a legendary Gallic king who fought the Romans).[1]
  • January 20 – King James I of England successfully mediates the Treaty of Knäred between Denmark and Sweden.[2]
  • February 14Elizabeth, daughter of King James I of England, marries Frederick V, Elector Palatine.[3]
  • March 3 (February 21 O.S.) – An assembly of the Russian Empire elects Mikhail Romanov Tsar of Russia, ending the Time of Troubles. The House of Romanov will remain a ruling dynasty until 1917.
  • March 27 – The first English child is born in Canada at Cuper's Cove, Newfoundland to Nicholas Guy.
  • March 29Samuel de Champlain becomes the first unofficial Governor of New France.
  • April 13Samuel Argall captures Algonquian princess Pocahontas in Passapatanzy, Virginia, to ransom her for some English prisoners held by her father, Chief Powhatan. She is brought to Henricus as an hostage.[4]
  • June – From Jamestown, John Rolfe makes the first shipment of West Indian tobacco grown in Virginia to England.
  • June 29 – Fire destroys London's famed Globe Theatre, during a performance of Shakespeare's Henry VIII.[5]

July–December

  • July 28 – Gregor Richter, the chief pastor of Görlitz, denounces Jacob Boehme as a heretic, in his Sunday sermon.
  • August 29 – The Sicilians under de Aragon defeat the trade fleet of the Ottoman Empire, ending the Battle of Cape Corvo.
  • September 29 – The New River is opened, to supply London with drinking water from Hertfordshire.
  • October 28Keichō embassy: Hasekura Tsunenaga sets out in the Date Maru with a Japanese diplomatic mission to the Holy See, first traveling to Acapulco in New Spain; this follows soon after an agreement between Tokugawa Ieyasu and the East India Company, permitting English merchants to live and trade in Japan.
  • November 3 – English royal favourite Robert Carr is created 1st Earl of Somerset.
  • December 26The Earl of Somerset marries Frances Howard, following her divorce from Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex; the event is the inspiration for John Donne's Eclogue.[6]

Date unknown

  • The Ottoman Empire invades Hungary.
  • A locust swarm destroys La Camarque, France.
  • The territory of Kuwait is founded.
  • Sultan Agung of Mataram takes the throne of the kingdom of Mataram on Java.
  • Near Jamestown, Virginia, Sir Thomas Dale starts a settlement called Bermuda City, which later becomes part of Hopewell, Virginia.


Births

Mattia Preti
Stjepan Gradić
Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang
Claude Perrault

January–March

  • January 14Pier Martire Armani, Italian painter (d. 1699)
  • January 15Giovanni Pietro Bellori, Italian art historian (d. 1696)
  • January 21George Gillespie, Scottish theologian (d. 1648)
  • February 2
    • Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary at Sainte-Marie among the Hurons (d. 1649)
    • William Thomas, Welsh Anglican bishop (d. 1689)
  • February 7Johannes Musaeus, German theologian (d. 1681)
  • February 24Mattia Preti, Italian painter (d. 1699)
  • February 28John Pearson, English theologian and scholar (d. 1686)
  • March 6
    • Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
    • Anna Moroni, Italian educator (d. 1675)
  • March 11Francesco Caetani, 8th Duke of Sermoneta, Governor of the Duchy of Milan (d. 1683)
  • March 12André Le Nôtre, French landscape and garden designer (d. 1700)[7]
  • March 19John Swinfen, English politician (d. 1694)
  • March 24Antonia of Württemberg, princess, literary figure, patron and Christian Kabbalist (d. 1679)
  • March 28Empress Dowager Xiaozhuang, concubine of Qing dynasty ruler Hong Taiji (d. 1688)
  • March 29Louis-Isaac Lemaistre de Sacy, French Bible translator (d. 1684)

April–June

  • April 1
    • Giulio Bartolocci, Italian Biblical scholar (d. 1687)
    • Charles de Saint-Évremond, French soldier and writer (d. 1703)
  • April 7Gerrit Dou, Dutch painter (d. 1675)
  • April 18Philip Wharton, 4th Baron Wharton, English soldier (d. 1696)
  • April 21Franciscus Plante, Dutch painter, chaplain (d. 1690)
  • April 29Christoph Bach, German musician (d. 1661)
  • May 9Mattias de' Medici, Italian noble (d. 1667)
  • May 10François Chauveau, French painter (d. 1676)
  • May 15George Seton, Lord Seton, Scottish noble (d. 1648)
  • May 31John George II, Elector of Saxony (1656-1680) (d. 1680)
  • June 1William Wirich, Count of Daun-Falkenstein, German nobleman (d. 1682)
  • June 13Johann Ernst, Count of Hanau-Münzenberg (1641–1642) (d. 1642)
  • June 16John Cleveland, English poet (d. 1658)

July–September

  • July 15Gu Yanwu, Chinese philologist and geographer (d. 1682)
  • July 16Alderano Cybo, Catholic cardinal (d. 1700)
  • August 7William Frederick, Prince of Nassau-Dietz, Dutch stadtholder (d. 1664)
  • August 15Gilles Ménage, French scholar (d. 1692)
  • August 18Sir Thomas Peyton, 2nd Baronet, English politician (d. 1684)
  • August 20Duchess Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg, German poet composer and (by marriage) Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1676)
  • August 24Bartholomew Holzhauser, German priest, founder of a religious community, visionary, writer of prophecies (d. 1658)
  • August 29John Jolliffe, English politician and businessman (d. 1680)
  • September 8Henri Albert de La Grange d'Arquien, Catholic cardinal (d. 1707)
  • September 15François de La Rochefoucauld, French writer (d. 1680)[8]
  • September 19Sir John Norwich, 1st Baronet, English Member of Parliament (d. 1661)
  • September 25Claude Perrault, French architect (d. 1688)

October–December

  • October 3Marion Delorme, French courtesan known for her relationships with the important men of her time (d. 1650)
  • October 12Jacques d'Arthois, Flemish painter (d. 1686)
  • October 13
    • Luisa de Guzmán, Duchess of Braganza, queen consort of Portugal (d. 1666)
    • Adriaan Heereboord, Dutch philosopher (d. 1661)
  • October 19Charles of Sezze, Italian Franciscan friar and saint (d. 1670)
  • October 28Edmund Bowyer, English politician (d. 1681)
  • November 5Isaac de Benserade, French poet (d. 1691)[9]
  • November 12Sir Ralph Verney, 1st Baronet, of Middle Claydon, English Baronet (d. 1696)
  • November 16Frederick, Prince of Anhalt-Harzgerode (1635–1670) (d. 1670)
  • November 20Tyman Oosdorp, Dutch Golden Age brewer and magistrate of Haarlem (d. 1668)
  • November 24John Knight, Member of the Parliament of England (d. 1683)
  • November 25Philip VII, Count of Waldeck-Wildungen (1638–1645) (d. 1645)
  • December 4 (bapt.)Samuel Butler, English satirist (d. 1680)
  • December 10Izaak van Oosten, Flemish painter (d. 1661)
  • December 11Amar Singh Rathore, Rajput nobleman affiliated with the royal house of Marwar (d. 1644)
  • December 23Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Field Marshal of Sweden (d. 1676)
  • December 28Bullen Reymes, English courtier, diplomat and politician (d. 1672)

Date unknown

  • Henry Vane, English politician (d. 1662)
  • Khushal Khan Khattak, Afghan poet (d. 1690)

Probable

  • Richard Crashaw, English poet (d. 1649)

Deaths

Juan García López-Rico
Ikeda Terumasa
Sigismund Báthory

January–July

  • January 2Salima Sultan Begum, Empress of the Mughal Empire (b. 1539)
  • January 12George Blackwell, English Catholic archpriest (b. 1545)
  • January 18Antoon Claeissens, Flemish Baroque painter (b. 1536)
  • January 27Anna of Saxony, German noblewoman (b. 1567)
  • January 28Thomas Bodley, English diplomat and library founder (b. 1545)[10]
  • February 14Juan García López-Rico, Spanish Catholic priest from the Trinitarian Order, founded the Order of Discalced Carmelites (b. 1561)
  • February 16Johannes Letzner, German Protestant priest and historian (b. 1531)
  • February 27Pietro Facchetti, Italian painter (b. 1539)
  • March 2Rudolph Snellius, Dutch linguist and mathematician (b. 1546)
  • March 13Giovanni Battista Caccini, Italian artist (b. 1556)
  • March 16
    • Sigrid Sture, Swedish Governor (b. 1538)
    • Ikeda Terumasa, Japanese daimyō (b. 1565)
  • March 23Jerónimo de Ayanz y Beaumont, Spanish inventor (b. 1553)
  • March 27Sigismund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania (b. 1572)
  • April 27Robert Abercromby, Scottish Jesuit missionary (b. 1532)
  • June 3Allahverdi Khan, Georgian-born Iranian general (b. 1590)
  • June 8Cigoli, Italian painter (b. 1559)
  • June 15Magdalena Moons, Dutch heroine (b. 1541)

July–September

  • July 2Bartholomaeus Pitiscus, German astronomer and mathematician (b. 1561)
  • July 19Nicolaus van Aelst, Flemish engraver (b. 1526)
  • July 20Sebastian Lubomirski, Polish-Lithuanian nobleman (szlachcic) (b. c. 1546)
  • July 30Henry Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1564)
  • August 1
    • Francesco Grimaldi, Italian architect (b. 1543)
    • Thomas Twyne, English actor (b. 1543)
  • August 7Thomas Fleming, English judge (b. 1544)
  • August 14David Lindsay, Scottish bishop (b. 1531)
  • August 18Giovanni Artusi, Italian composer (b. c. 1540)
  • August 22Dominicus Baudius, Dutch historian and poet (b. 1561)
  • August 25William Waldegrave, English Member of Parliament (b. 1540)
  • September 8
    • Carlo Gesualdo, Italian composer (b. 1566)[11]
    • James Pemberton, British goldsmith (b. 1550)
  • September 14Thomas Overbury, English poet and essayist (murdered) (b. 1581)

October–December

  • October 9Henry Constable, English poet (b. 1562)
  • October 11John Petre, 1st Baron Petre, English politician (b. 1549)
  • October 22Mathurin Régnier, French satirist (b. 1573)
  • October 26Johann Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1541)
  • October 27Gabriel Báthory, Prince of Transylvania (b. 1589)
  • November 4Cristóbal Rodríguez Juárez, Spanish Catholic archbishop (b. 1547)
  • November 16Trajano Boccalini, Italian satirist (b. 1556)
  • November 21Rose Lok, English Marian exile (b. 1526)
  • November 23Charles Philippe de Croÿ, Marquis d’Havré, Belgian noble and politician (b. 1549)
  • November 26Henry Berkeley, 7th Baron Berkeley, English politician (b. 1534)
  • December 6Anton Praetorius, German pastor (b. 1560)
  • December 7Simon VI, Count of Lippe, imperial count and ruler of the County of Lippe (Germany) since 1563 (b. 1554)
  • date unknown
    • Phùng Khắc Khoan, Vietnamese military strategist, politician, diplomat and poet (b. 1528)
    • Beatrice Michiel, Venetian spy (b. 1553)

References

  1. ^ W.A. Seaver, "Giants and Dwarfs", Harper's New Monthly Magazine, 39:202-210, 1869.
  2. ^ Franklin Daniel Scott (1988). Sweden, the Nation's History. SIU Press. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-8093-1489-8.
  3. ^ The Marriage of prince Fredericke, and the King’s daughter the Lady Elizabeth... London: Thomas Creede. 1613. p. 1.
  4. ^ Rountree, Helen C. (December 8, 2010). "Pocahontas (d. 1617)". Encyclopedia Virginia Archived May 3, 2017, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  5. ^ Alan Read (1995). Theatre and Everyday Life: An Ethics of Performance. Psychology Press. p. 229. ISBN 978-0-415-06941-0.
  6. ^ John Donne (1995). The Variorum Edition of the Poetry of John Donne. Indiana University Press. pp. 57–. ISBN 0-253-31812-2.
  7. ^ Fox, Helen (Morgenthau); Helen Morgenthau Fox (1962). André Le Nôtre: Garden Architect to Kings. Crown Publishers. p. 29.
  8. ^ François duc de La Rochefoucauld (1939). The Maxims of François, Duc de La Rochefoucauld. H. Milford. p. xi.
  9. ^ Charles Intervale Silin (1940). The Johns Hopkins Studies in Romance Literatures and Languages: Extra volume. Johns Hopkins Press. p. 25.
  10. ^ Church Monuments: Journal of the Church Monuments Society. The Society. 1993. p. 61.
  11. ^ David Mason Greene; Constance Green (1985). Greene's Biographical Encyclopedia of Composers. Reproducing Piano Roll Fnd. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-385-14278-6.

Media files used on this page

091015-Ausa 114.JPG
San Juan Bautista de la Concepción, escultura en terracota de Josep Gros, Museu Episcopal de Vic, final del s. XVIII
Battle Spanish Ottomans.jpg

Naval battle between Spanish and Ottoman galleys. Oil on canvas.

Terumasa Ikeda.jpg
池田輝政、安土桃山時代から江戸時代にかけての戦国武将、大名。現代まで残る姫路城を改修したことで知られている。Ikeda Terumasa (January 31, 1565-March 16, 1613) was a Japanese daimyo of the early Edo period.
Zsgmondbáthory.jpg
Sigismund Báthory, Prince of Transilvania (1573-1613)
Mattia preti.jpg
autore: Rajola disegnatore e Morghen incisore, Da L'Omnibus Pittoresco n.14 del 21 giugno 1838, Ritratto di Mattia Preti, autore, opera il cui autore è morto da più di 70 anni, acquisita da scanner
Claude Perrault gravé par Edelinck après Vercelin - Gallica (oval).jpg
Engraved portrait of Claude Perrault (1613–1688), French architect and physician, and member of the Académie des Sciences, founded in 1666.