Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1574
  • 1575
  • 1576
  • 1577
  • 1578
  • 1579
  • 1580
1577 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1577
Ab urbe condita2330
Armenian calendar1026
Assyrian calendar6327
Balinese saka calendar1498–1499
Bengali calendar984
Berber calendar2527
English Regnal year19 Eliz. 1 – 20 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2121
Burmese calendar939
Byzantine calendar7085–7086
Chinese calendar丙子(Fire Rat)
4273 or 4213
    — to —
丁丑年 (Fire Ox)
4274 or 4214
Coptic calendar1293–1294
Discordian calendar2743
Ethiopian calendar1569–1570
Hebrew calendar5337–5338
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1633–1634
 - Shaka Samvat1498–1499
 - Kali Yuga4677–4678
Holocene calendar11577
Igbo calendar577–578
Iranian calendar955–956
Islamic calendar984–985
Japanese calendarTenshō 5
Javanese calendar1496–1497
Julian calendar1577
Korean calendar3910
Minguo calendar335 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar109
Thai solar calendar2119–2120
Tibetan calendar阳火鼠年
(male Fire-Rat)
1703 or 1322 or 550
    — to —
(female Fire-Ox)
1704 or 1323 or 551
November: the Great Comet of 1577 is visible

Year 1577 (MDLXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



  • January 9 – The second Union of Brussels is formed, first without the Protestant counties of Holland and Zeeland (which is accepted by King Philip II of Spain), later with the Protestants, which means open rebellion of the whole of the Netherlands.[1]
  • March 17 – The Cathay Company is formed, to send Martin Frobisher back to the New World for more gold.[2]
  • May 28 – The Bergen Book, better known as the Solid Declaration of the Formula of Concord, one of the Lutheran confessional writings, is published. The earlier version, known as the Torgau Book (1576), had been condensed into an Epitome; both documents are part of the 1580 Book of Concord.[3]


Date unknown

  • Supposed massacre of the MacDonald inhabitants of the Scottish island of Eigg, by the Clan MacLeod.
  • The church in San Pedro de Atacama is built, in the Atacama Desert in Chile.
  • Casiodoro de Reina publishes his "Declaracion, o confesion de fe", the first and only Spanish confession of faith in the post Reformation period.


Christian IV of Denmark and Norway
  • January 9Anthony Irby, English politician (d. 1610)
  • January 12Francesco Stelluti, Italian mathematician (d. 1652)
  • January 13Hugh Audley, English moneylender/lawyer/philosopher (d. 1662)
  • February 5Johann Baptist Grossschedel, German noble, alchemist and esoteric author (d. 1630)
  • February 6Beatrice Cenci, Italian noblewoman who conspired to kill her father (d. 1599)[7]
  • February 7Francis Walsingham, English Jesuit (d. 1647)
  • February 8Robert Burton, English scholar at Oxford University (d. 1640)
  • February 15Jean Riolan the Younger, French anatomist (d. 1657)
  • February 17Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Lauenburg, German noble (d. 1656)
  • February 18Roger North, English politician (d. 1651)
  • February 22Pieter Huyssens, Flemish architect (d. 1637)
  • March 1Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland (d. 1635)
  • March 2George Sandys, English traveller (d. 1644)
  • March 5Franciscus Dousa, Dutch classical scholar (d. 1630)
  • March 20Alessandro Tiarini, Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese School (d. 1668)
  • March 24Francis, Duke of Pomerania-Stettin, Bishop of Cammin (d. 1620)
  • April 12 – King Christian IV of Denmark and Norway (d. 1648)[8]
  • April 26Countess Elisabeth of Nassau, French noble (d. 1642)
  • May 20Philip de' Medici, Italian noble (d. 1582)
  • May 31Nur Jahan, empress consort of the Mughal Empire (d. 1645)
  • June 12Paul Guldin, Swiss Jesuit mathematician (d. 1643)
  • June 28Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (d. 1640)[9]
  • July 9Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, English governor of Virginia (d. 1618)
  • July 21
    • Anne de Montafié, Countess of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, French countess (d. 1644)
    • Adam Willaerts, Dutch painter (d. 1664)
  • August 11 (bapt.)Barnaby Potter, English Bishop of Carlisle (d. 1642)
  • September 1Scipione Borghese, Italian Catholic cardinal and art collector (d. 1633)
  • September 8Otto Heurnius, Dutch physician and philosopher (d. 1652)
  • September 24Louis V, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1596 to 1626 (d. 1626)
  • October 3Tobie Matthew, English Member of Parliament, later Catholic priest (d. 1655)
  • October 6Ferdinand of Bavaria (d. 1650)
  • October 11Jørgen Lunge, Danish politician (d. 1619)
  • October 17
    • Cristofano Allori, Italian portrait painter (d. 1621)
    • Dmitry Pozharsky, Russian prince (d. 1642)
  • November 2John Bridgeman, British bishop (d. 1652)
  • November 4François Leclerc du Tremblay (d. 1638)
  • November 10Jacob Cats, Dutch poet, jurist and politician (d. 1660)
  • November 24Louis Philip, Count Palatine of Guttenberg, Palatinate-Veldenz (d. 1601)
  • November 25Piet Pieterszoon Hein, Dutch admiral and privateer for the Dutch Republic (d. 1629)
  • December 8Mario Minniti, Italian artist active in Sicily after 1606 (d. 1640)
  • December 20Antonio Brunelli, Italian composer and theorist (d. 1630)
  • December 25Petrus Kirstenius, German physician and orientalist (d. 1640)
  • December 27William Howard, 3rd Baron Howard of Effingham, English politician and Baron (d. 1615)
  • date unknown
    • Christoph Besold, German jurist (d. 1638)
    • Giacomo Cavedone, Italian painter (d. 1660)
    • Robert Cushman, English Plymouth Colony settler (d. 1625)
    • Kobayakawa Hideaki, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1602)
    • William Noy, English lawyer and politician (d. 1634)
    • Samuel Purchas, English travel writer (d. 1626)
    • Meletius Smotrytsky, Ruthenian religious activist and author, who developed Church Slavonic grammar (d. 1633)
    • Gerhard Johann Vossius, German classical scholar and theologian (d. 1649)


Saint Cuthbert Mayne


  1. ^ Mack P. Holt (October 13, 2005). The French Wars of Religion, 1562–1629. Cambridge University Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-139-44767-6.
  2. ^ George Best; Wilberforce Eames (1938). The Three Voyages of Martin Frobisher in Search of a Passage to Cathay and India by the North-west, A.D. 1576-8. Argonaut Press. p. cxii.
  3. ^ Theodore Gerhardt Tappert (January 1, 1959). The Book of Concord: The Confessions of the Evangelical Lutheran Church. Fortress Press. p. 464. ISBN 978-1-4514-1894-1.
  4. ^ Mack P. Holt (October 13, 2005). The French Wars of Religion, 1562–1629. Cambridge University Press. p. 112. ISBN 978-1-139-44767-6.
  5. ^ Harvard University Library (1971). Harvard Library Bulletin. Harvard University Library. p. 128.
  6. ^ Frederick William Butt-Thompson (1920). King Peters of Sierra Leone. Religious Tract Society. p. 122.
  7. ^ Irene Musillo Mitchell (1991). Beatrice Cenci. P. Lang. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-8204-1525-3.
  8. ^ Council of Europ; Steffen Heiberg; Nationalhistoriske museum på Frederiksborg (1988). Christian IV and Europe: The 19th Art Exhibition of the Council of Europe, Denmark 1988. Foundation for Christian IV Year 1988. p. 18. ISBN 978-87-982843-2-1.
  9. ^ Paul Oppenheimer (2002). Rubens: A Portrait. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 85. ISBN 978-0-8154-1209-0.
  10. ^ "Erik XIV | king of Sweden". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  11. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica: A New Survey of Universal Knowledge. Encyclopædia Britannica. 1964. p. 149.

Media files used on this page

Cuthbert Mayne.jpg
Cuthbert Mayne, Kutbert Mayne (pl)
Von einem Schrecklichen vnd Wunderbarlichen Cometen so sich den Dienstag nach Martini dieses lauffenden M. D. Lxxvij. Jahrs am Himmel erzeiget hat (grayscale).png
About a terrible and marvelous comet as appeared the Tuesday after St. Martin's Day (1577-11-12) on heaven. (Written by Peter Codicillus of Tulechova)
A depiction of the Great Comet of 1577 over Prague. In addition to the comet, five zodiac symbols appear in the sky: (L-R) Aries, Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn, and Sagittarius. Below the comet's tail are the crescent moon and Saturn, depicted as a star with the astronomical symbol ♄. At the bottom center, a man draws the comet by the light of a lantern.