1558

Millennium:2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
  • 1555
  • 1556
  • 1557
  • 1558
  • 1559
  • 1560
  • 1561
1558 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1558
MDLVIII
Ab urbe condita2311
Armenian calendar1007
ԹՎ ՌԷ
Assyrian calendar6308
Balinese saka calendar1479–1480
Bengali calendar965
Berber calendar2508
English Regnal yearPh. & M. – 1 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2102
Burmese calendar920
Byzantine calendar7066–7067
Chinese calendar丁巳(Fire Snake)
4254 or 4194
    — to —
戊午年 (Earth Horse)
4255 or 4195
Coptic calendar1274–1275
Discordian calendar2724
Ethiopian calendar1550–1551
Hebrew calendar5318–5319
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1614–1615
 - Shaka Samvat1479–1480
 - Kali Yuga4658–4659
Holocene calendar11558
Igbo calendar558–559
Iranian calendar936–937
Islamic calendar965–966
Japanese calendarKōji 4 / Eiroku 1
(永禄元年)
Javanese calendar1477–1478
Julian calendar1558
MDLVIII
Korean calendar3891
Minguo calendar354 before ROC
民前354年
Nanakshahi calendar90
Thai solar calendar2100–2101
Tibetan calendar阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
1684 or 1303 or 531
    — to —
阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
1685 or 1304 or 532
July 13: Battle of Gravelines

Year 1558 (MDLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 1558th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 558th year of the 2nd millennium, the 58th year of the 16th century, and the 9th year of the 1550s decade.

Events

November 17: Coronation of Queen Elizabeth I of England.

January–June

July–December

  • July 13Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Lamoral, Count of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul de Thermes.
  • July 18 – The city of Tartu, capital of the Bishopric of Dorpat (in modern-day Estonia) surrenders to Russia.
  • October 17Postal history of Poland: King Sigismund II Augustus appoints an Italian merchant living in Kraków to organise a consolidated postal service in Poland, the origin of Poczta Polska.
  • November 17 – The Elizabethan era begins in England: Catholic Queen Mary dies, and is succeeded by her younger Protestant half-sister Elizabeth, who will rule for 44 years.

Unknown

  • John Knox's attack on female rulers, The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstruous Regiment of Women, is published anonymously from Geneva.[2]
  • English explorer Anthony Jenkinson travels from Moscow to Astrakhan and Bukhara.[3] He is the first Englishman to note that the Amu Darya changed course, to start flowing into the Aral Sea.[4]
  • Queen Elizabeth I of England grants rest and refreshment to pilgrims and travellers who pass by the Holy Well Spring at Malvern in England.

Ongoing

Births

Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria
  • January or FebruaryHendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter (d. 1617)
  • January 16Jakobea of Baden, Margravine of Baden by birth, Duchess of Jülich-Cleves-Berg by marriage (d. 1597)
  • January 29Paul Hentzner, German lawyer (d. 1623)
  • March 7Johann VII, Duke of Mecklenburg, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1576–1592) (d. 1592)
  • April 30Mikołaj Oleśnicki the younger, Polish noble (d. 1629)
  • June 15Margrave Andrew of Burgau, German nobleman, Cardinal, Bishop of Constance and Brixen (d. 1600)
  • July 9David Origanus, German astronomer (d. 1628)
  • July 11Robert Greene, English dramatist (d. 1592)
  • August 2Herman van den Bergh, Dutch soldier in the Eighty Years' War (d. 1611)
  • August 8George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, English noble (d. 1605)
  • August 19François de Bourbon, Prince of Conti (d. 1614)
  • September 9Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur, French soldier (d. 1602)
  • September 24Ralph Eure, 3rd Baron Eure, English politician (d. 1617)
  • October 12Maximilian III, Archduke of Austria (d. 1618)
  • October 24Szymon Szymonowic, Polish writer (d. 1629)
  • October 30Jacques-Nompar de Caumont, duc de La Force, Marshal of France (d. 1652)
  • November 27Mingyi Swa, Crown Prince of Burma (d. 1593)
  • December 3Gregorio Pagani, Italian painter (d. 1605)
  • December 8François de La Rochefoucauld, French Catholic cardinal (d. 1645)
  • December 9André du Laurens, French physician (d. 1609)
  • date unknown
    • Meir Lublin, Polish rabbi (d. 1616)
    • Kōriki Masanaga, Japanese military commander (d. 1599)
    • Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese nobleman (d. 1580)
    • Olivier van Noort, first Dutchman to circumnavigate the world (d. 1627)
    • Chidiock Tichborne, English conspirator and poet (d. 1586)
    • Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia (15931601) (d. 1601)
    • Thomas Kyd, English playwright (d. 1594)
    • Françoise de Cezelli, French war hero (d. 1615)
  • probable - Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Mons, French merchant (d. 1628)

Deaths

Emperor Charles V
Queen Mary I of England and Cardinal Reginald Pole died on November 17, 1558

References

  1. ^ J. W. Ruuth (1958). "Kaupungin perustamiskirje". Porin kaupungin historia II (in Finnish). City of Pori. p. 269.
  2. ^ Lillian S. Robinson (1985). Monstrous Regiment: The Lady Knight in Sixteenth-century Epic. Garland Pub. p. 112. ISBN 978-0-8240-6709-0.
  3. ^ Grun, Bernard (1991). The Timetables of History (3rd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 247. ISBN 0-671-74919-6.
  4. ^ Sykes, Percy (1921). A History of Persia. London: Macmillan and Company. p. 64.
  5. ^ Friedrich Bente (2005). Historical Introductions to the Lutheran Confessions: As Contained in the Book of Concord of 1580. Concordia Publishing House. p. 132. ISBN 978-0-7586-0921-2.
  6. ^ "Charles V | Accomplishments, Reign, Abdication, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved January 14, 2021.
  7. ^ Vernon Hall (December 2007). Life of Julius Caesar Scaliger (1484-1558): Transactions, APS. American Philosophical Society. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-4223-7704-8.
  8. ^ Jane Resh Thomas (1998). Behind the Mask: The Life of Queen Elizabeth I. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 73. ISBN 0-395-69120-6.

Media files used on this page

Du Laurens (small).jpg
André du Laurens
Elizabeth I in coronation robes.jpg
Queen Elizabeth I of England in her coronation robes, patterned with Tudor roses and trimmed with ermine. She wears her hair loose, as traditional for the coronation of a queen, perhaps also as a symbol of virginity. The painting, by an unknown artist, dates to the first decade of the seventeenth century (NPG gives c.1600) and is based on a lost original also by an unknown artist.
Anthonis Mor 001.jpg
Retrato de la reina María I de Inglaterra (1516-1558), más conocida como María Tudor, que fue hija del rey Enrique VIII de Inglaterra y de la reina Catalina de Aragón y reina consorte de España por su matrimonio con Felipe II, hijo del emperador Carlos I de España.
Elderly Karl V.jpg
An elderly Karl V (also known as Don Carlos I of Spain), ruler of the Holy Roman Empire