Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1546
  • 1547
  • 1548
  • 1549
  • 1550
  • 1551
  • 1552
1549 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1549
Ab urbe condita2302
Armenian calendar998
Assyrian calendar6299
Balinese saka calendar1470–1471
Bengali calendar956
Berber calendar2499
English Regnal yearEdw. 6 – 3 Edw. 6
Buddhist calendar2093
Burmese calendar911
Byzantine calendar7057–7058
Chinese calendar戊申(Earth Monkey)
4245 or 4185
    — to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
4246 or 4186
Coptic calendar1265–1266
Discordian calendar2715
Ethiopian calendar1541–1542
Hebrew calendar5309–5310
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1605–1606
 - Shaka Samvat1470–1471
 - Kali Yuga4649–4650
Holocene calendar11549
Igbo calendar549–550
Iranian calendar927–928
Islamic calendar955–956
Japanese calendarTenbun 18
Javanese calendar1467–1468
Julian calendar1549
Korean calendar3882
Minguo calendar363 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar81
Thai solar calendar2091–2092
Tibetan calendar阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
1675 or 1294 or 522
    — to —
(female Earth-Rooster)
1676 or 1295 or 523
Voyage of Xavier.

Year 1549 (MDXLIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. In the Kingdom of England, it was known as "The Year of the Many-Headed Monster", because of the unusually high number of rebellions which occurred in the country.


The Book of Common Prayer is introduced in England.


  • JanuaryBurmese–Siamese War (1547–49): King Tabinshwehti of Burma begins his invasion of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, which ends in retreat.
  • February 3 – Burmese–Siamese War: Burmese viceroy Thado Dhamma Yaza I of Prome slays Sri Suriyothai, queen consort of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, on her war elephant, when she intervenes in battle to protect the life of her husband.
  • March 29 – The city of Salvador da Bahia, Brazil's first capital, is founded by Tome de Sousa.


Date unknown

  • Peter Canisius starts the Counter-Reformation in Bavaria.
  • The spire of Lincoln Cathedral in England is blown down,[5] leaving St. Olaf's Church, Tallinn, in Estonia as the World's tallest structure.
  • Although trade existed between the two beforehand, in this year the Portuguese begin to send regular seasonal maritime trade missions to Ming Dynasty China, at Sao João Island (also known as Shangchuan Island) near Macau.
  • Siege of Kajiki: firearms are used for the first time in a siege in Japanese history. (The previous year's Battle of Uedahara was the first battle in which they were used.)
  • Excerpta antiqua is published by Hervagius at Basel, Switzerland.
  • Maidstone Grammar School is founded in England by Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset.[6]


Françoise d'Orléans-Longueville
Duchess Sabine of Württemberg
Anne of Austria, Queen of Spain


  • January 28Elia Levita, German Yiddish writer (b. 1469)
  • February 14Il Sodoma, Italian painter (b. 1477)
  • March – Mingyi Swe, Burmese viceroy of Toungoo
  • March 14Lorenzo Cybo, Italian condottiero (b. 1500)
  • March 20Thomas Seymour, 1st Baron Seymour of Sudeley, English politician and diplomat (b. 1508)
  • March 25Veit Dietrich, German theologian, writer and reformer (b. 1506)
  • April – Andrew Boorde, English traveller (b. 1490)
  • April 3Matsudaira Hirotada, Japanese daimyo (b. 1526)
  • April 15Christine of Saxony, German noble (b. 1505)
  • April 24Ralph Neville, 4th Earl of Westmorland, English earl (b. 1498)
  • May 11María de Toledo, Vicereine and regent of the Spanish Colony of Santo Domingo (b. 1490)
  • June 26Luis Cáncer, Spanish Dominican priest, missionary, martyr and servant of God (b. 1500)
  • July 19Edmund Sheffield, 1st Baron Sheffield, English baron (b. 1521)
  • August 11Otto I, Duke of Brunswick-Harburg, Prince of Lüneburg and Baron of Harburg (b. 1495)
  • September 10Anthony Denny, confidant of Henry VIII of England (b. 1501)
  • September 21Benedetto Accolti the Younger, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1497)
  • October 27Marie d'Albret, Countess of Rethel, French nobility (b. 1491)
  • November 10Pope Paul III (b. 1468)[7]
  • November 26Henry Somerset, 2nd Earl of Worcester (b. 1496)
  • December 7Robert Kett, English rebel (executed)
  • December 21Marguerite de Navarre, queen of Henry II of Navarre (b. 1492)
  • date unknown
    • Daniel Bomberg, Brabantian printer


  1. ^ Penguin Pocket On This Day. Penguin Reference Library. 2006. ISBN 0-14-102715-0.
  2. ^ a b Williams, Hywel (2005). Cassell's Chronology of World History. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. pp. 215–218. ISBN 0-304-35730-8.
  3. ^ Rosen, Adrienne (2010). "Tudor Rebellions". In Tiller, Kate; Darkes, Giles (eds.). An Historical Atlas of Oxfordshire. Chipping Norton: Oxfordshire Record Society. pp. 82–3. ISBN 978-0-902509-68-9.
  4. ^ a b Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 147–150. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  5. ^ "Lincoln Cathedral History". Lincoln Cathedral. Retrieved May 6, 2012.
  6. ^ "About Us".
  7. ^ "Paul III | pope". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 22, 2019.

Media files used on this page

Canterbury cathedral.jpg
Canterbury cathedral
Sabina of Württemberg.jpg
Portrait of the Duchess Sabina of Württemberg (1549-1581) — Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel, married to William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel.
Francoise d'Orléans, Princess of Condé by an known artist.png
Francoise d'Orléans, Princess of Condé by Gaignières
Titian - Pope Paul III - WGA22962.jpg
Ritratto di papa Paolo III a capo scoperto, (olio su tela, cm 113,7 x 88,8), Napoli, Museo di Capodimonte (inv. Q 130).
Xavier f map of voyages asia.PNG
Author/Creator: unknown, Licence: CC-BY-SA-3.0