Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1541
  • 1542
  • 1543
  • 1544
  • 1545
  • 1546
  • 1547
1544 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1544
Ab urbe condita2297
Armenian calendar993
Assyrian calendar6294
Balinese saka calendar1465–1466
Bengali calendar951
Berber calendar2494
English Regnal year35 Hen. 8 – 36 Hen. 8
Buddhist calendar2088
Burmese calendar906
Byzantine calendar7052–7053
Chinese calendar癸卯(Water Rabbit)
4240 or 4180
    — to —
甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
4241 or 4181
Coptic calendar1260–1261
Discordian calendar2710
Ethiopian calendar1536–1537
Hebrew calendar5304–5305
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1600–1601
 - Shaka Samvat1465–1466
 - Kali Yuga4644–4645
Holocene calendar11544
Igbo calendar544–545
Iranian calendar922–923
Islamic calendar950–951
Japanese calendarTenbun 13
Javanese calendar1462–1463
Julian calendar1544
Korean calendar3877
Minguo calendar368 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar76
Thai solar calendar2086–2087
Tibetan calendar阴水兔年
(female Water-Rabbit)
1670 or 1289 or 517
    — to —
(male Wood-Dragon)
1671 or 1290 or 518
April 11: Battle of Ceresole.

1544 (MDXLIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1544th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 544th year of the 2nd millennium, the 44th year of the 16th century, and the 5th year of the 1540s decade. As of the start of 1544, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which was the dominant calendar of the time.




  • JulyBattle of the Shirts: The Clan Fraser of Lovat and Macdonalds of Clan Ranald fight over a disputed chiefship in Scotland; reportedly, five Frasers and eight Macdonalds survive.
  • July 19September 14Italian War of 1542–46First Siege of Boulogne: King Henry VIII of England besieges and captures Boulogne in northern France.
  • August 17 – The University of Königsberg ("Albertina") is inaugurated (founding deed signed July 20 by Albert, Duke of Prussia).
  • September 18
  • September 22 – Captain Juan Bautista Pastene leads the first European expedition to the estuary of Valdivia, Chile and Corral Bay.
  • October 9Second Siege of Boulogne: French forces under the Dauphin assault Boulogne, but are ultimately unsuccessful.

Date unknown


Anna of Saxony



  1. ^ Desmond Seward (1974). Prince of the Renaissance: The Life of François I. Cardinal. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-351-18234-1.
  2. ^ Charles Loch Mowat (1968). The New Cambridge Modern History: Reformation, 1520-1559. University Press. p. 392. ISBN 978-0-521-34536-1.
  3. ^ Barría González, Juan (1994). "Juan Bautista Pastene: Primer almirande del mar chileno" (PDF). Revista de Marina.
  4. ^ Roberts, J. (1994). History of the World. Penguin.
  5. ^ Hans Joachim Hillerbrand (1996). The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation. Oxford University Press. p. 133. ISBN 978-0-19-510363-2.
  6. ^ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1985). Torquato Tasso. Angel Books. p. 6. ISBN 978-0-946162-19-2.
  7. ^ Wulfert Greef (1993). The Writings of John Calvin: An Introductory Guide. Baker Books. p. 131. ISBN 978-0-85111-435-4.

Media files used on this page

Johannes Magnus.png
Johannes Magnus
Portrait Anna von Sachsen
Swiss and Landsknecht soldiers engage in the exceptionally-fierce hand to hand combat known as "bad war." The long spear shafts are their pikes, which became awkward to handle if the push of pike became too disorganized. In that case, halberds and swords became the deadliest weapons. Engraving by Hans Holbein the Younger. Albertina, Vienna.