Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1537
  • 1538
  • 1539
  • 1540
  • 1541
  • 1542
  • 1543
1540 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1540
Ab urbe condita2293
Armenian calendar989
Assyrian calendar6290
Balinese saka calendar1461–1462
Bengali calendar947
Berber calendar2490
English Regnal year31 Hen. 8 – 32 Hen. 8
Buddhist calendar2084
Burmese calendar902
Byzantine calendar7048–7049
Chinese calendar己亥年 (Earth Pig)
4236 or 4176
    — to —
庚子年 (Metal Rat)
4237 or 4177
Coptic calendar1256–1257
Discordian calendar2706
Ethiopian calendar1532–1533
Hebrew calendar5300–5301
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1596–1597
 - Shaka Samvat1461–1462
 - Kali Yuga4640–4641
Holocene calendar11540
Igbo calendar540–541
Iranian calendar918–919
Islamic calendar946–947
Japanese calendarTenbun 9
Javanese calendar1458–1459
Julian calendar1540
Korean calendar3873
Minguo calendar372 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar72
Thai solar calendar2082–2083
Tibetan calendar阴土猪年
(female Earth-Pig)
1666 or 1285 or 513
    — to —
(male Iron-Rat)
1667 or 1286 or 514
October 1: Battle of Alborán

Year 1540 (MDXL) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.




Date unknown

  • Europe is hit by a heat wave and drought lasting for about seven months. Rivers such as the Rhine and Seine dry up, and many people die from dysentery and other illnesses, caused by lack of safe drinking water.[4] However, this year's vintage from Würzburger Stein and other vineyards is particularly notable.[5]
  • Georg Joachim Rheticus publishes De libris revolutionum Copernici narratio prima in Danzig, an abstract of Copernicus' as yet unpublished De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, and the first printed publication of Copernican heliocentrism.
  • Martin Luther expels theologian Caspar Schwenckfeld from Silesia.
  • Paracelsus visits Villach.
  • approximate date – The musket is introduced into Japan from Europe.


Princess Cecilia of Sweden


Angela Merici


  1. ^ Retha M. Warnicke; Warnicke, Retha Marvine Warnicke (April 13, 2000). The Marrying of Anne of Cleves: Royal Protocol in Early Modern England. Cambridge University Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-521-77037-8.
  2. ^ a b Charles Richard Nairne Routh (1990). Who's who in Tudor England. Shepheard-Walwyn. pp. 48–49. ISBN 978-0-85683-093-8.
  3. ^ Drinkwater, John (1786). A history of the late siege of Gibraltar: With a description and account of that garrison, from the earliest periods. Printed by T. Spilsbury. p. 8. Retrieved October 27, 2012.
  4. ^ "Weather chronicler relates of medieval disasters". goDutch.com. October 7, 2003. Retrieved November 8, 2012.
  5. ^ Johnson, Hugh (1989). Vintage: The Story of Wine. Simon and Schuster. pp. 284, 390. ISBN 0-671-68702-6.
  6. ^ Campion Hall (University of Oxford) (1996). The Reckoned Expense: Edmund Campion and the Early English Jesuits : Essays in Celebration of the First Centenary of Campion Hall, Oxford (1896-1996). Boydell & Brewer Ltd. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-85115-590-6.
  7. ^ Derrik Mercer (February 1993). Chronicle of the Royal Family. Chronicle Communications. p. 155. ISBN 978-1-872031-20-0.
  8. ^ K. Staikos (1998). Charta of Greek Printing: Fifteenth century. Dinter. p. 265. ISBN 978-3-924794-19-4.

Media files used on this page

Portrait of Thomas Cromwell
Saint Angela Merici.jpg
Saint Angela Merici (1474-1540) as a teacher, devotional picture (pastel on paper) by Pietro Calzavacca (1855-1890), Merician Museum, Brescia, Italy. [1]
Arolsen Klebeband 01 463 4.jpg

Grafik aus dem Klebeband Nr. 1 der Fürstlich Waldeckschen Hofbibliothek Arolsen

Illustration aus: Georg Greblinger: Wahre Abbildungen der Türckischen Kayser vnd Persischen Fürsten / so wol auch anderer Helden und Heldinnen von dem Osman / biß auf den andern Mahomet. Johann Ammon, Frankfurt 1648

Motiv: "David Beldugian" (Dawid II., Kaiser von Äthiopien)
Unknown woman, formerly called Cecilia of Sweden - Nationalmuseum.jpg
Portrait of an unknown woman
label QS:Lit,"Ritratto di donna sconosciuta"
label QS:Lfr,"Portrait d'une femme inconnue"
label QS:Lpl,"Portret nieznanej kobiety"
label QS:Lnl,"Portret van een onbekende vrouw"
label QS:Lru,"Портрет неизвестной женщины"
label QS:Lde,"Porträt einer unbekannten Frau"
label QS:Lpt,"Retrato de uma mulher desconhecida"
label QS:Len,"Portrait of an unknown woman"
label QS:Les,"Retrato de una mujer desconocida"
label QS:Lhu,"Ismeretlen nő portréja"
, formerly identified as Princess Cecilia of Sweden (1540-1627), wife of Christopher II, Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern