Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1522
  • 1523
  • 1524
  • 1525
  • 1526
  • 1527
  • 1528
1525 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1525
Ab urbe condita2278
Armenian calendar974
Assyrian calendar6275
Balinese saka calendar1446–1447
Bengali calendar932
Berber calendar2475
English Regnal year16 Hen. 8 – 17 Hen. 8
Buddhist calendar2069
Burmese calendar887
Byzantine calendar7033–7034
Chinese calendar甲申(Wood Monkey)
4221 or 4161
    — to —
乙酉年 (Wood Rooster)
4222 or 4162
Coptic calendar1241–1242
Discordian calendar2691
Ethiopian calendar1517–1518
Hebrew calendar5285–5286
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1581–1582
 - Shaka Samvat1446–1447
 - Kali Yuga4625–4626
Holocene calendar11525
Igbo calendar525–526
Iranian calendar903–904
Islamic calendar931–932
Japanese calendarDaiei 5
Javanese calendar1443–1444
Julian calendar1525
Korean calendar3858
Minguo calendar387 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar57
Thai solar calendar2067–2068
Tibetan calendar阳木猴年
(male Wood-Monkey)
1651 or 1270 or 498
    — to —
(female Wood-Rooster)
1652 or 1271 or 499
Battle of Pavia

Year 1525 (MDXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.




Date unknown

  • Mixco Viejo, capital of the Pocomam Maya State, falls to the Spanish conquistadores of Pedro de Alvarado (in modern-day Guatemala) after a three-month siege.
  • European-brought diseases sweep through the Andes, killing thousands, including the Inca.
  • The Bubonic plague spreads in southern France.
  • Printing of the first edition of William Tyndale's New Testament Bible translation into English in Cologne is interrupted by anti-Lutheran forces (finished copies reach England in 1526).
  • The Navarre witch trials (1525-26) begin.
  • The Chinese Ministry of War under the Ming dynasty orders ships having more than one mast sailing along the southeast coast to be seized, investigated, and destroyed; this in an effort to curb piracy and limit private commercial trade abroad.
  • Kasur established as a city by the Kheshgi tribe of Pashtuns from Kabul who migrate to the region in 1525 from Afghanistan.
  • The Age of Samael ends, and the Age of Gabriel begins, according to Johannes Trithemius.


  • January 29Lelio Sozzini, Italian Renaissance humanist and anti-Trinitarian reformer (d. 1562)
  • February 5Juraj Drašković, Croatian Catholic cardinal (d. 1587)
  • March 19Caspar Cruciger the Younger, German theologian (d. 1597)
  • March 25Richard Edwardes, English choral musician, playwright and poet (d. 1566)
  • March 26Katharina of Hanau, Countess of Wied, German noblewoman (d. 1581)
  • June 1Caspar Peucer, German reformer (d. 1602)[3]
  • June 29Peter Agricola, German Renaissance humanist, educator, classical scholar, theologian, diplomat and statesman (d. 1585)
  • September 1Christoffer Valkendorff, Danish politician (d. 1601)
  • September 11John George, Elector of Brandenburg (d. 1598)
  • September 25Steven Borough, English explorer (d. 1584)
  • November 7Georg Cracow, German lawyer and politician (d. 1575)
  • December 1Tadeáš Hájek, Czech astronomer (d. 1600)
  • December 23John Albert I, Duke of Mecklenburg (d. 1576)
  • date unknown
    • Maharal of Prague, Talmudic scholar, Jewish mystic and philosopher (d. 1609)
    • Melchor Cano, Spanish theologian (d. 1560)
    • Edward Sutton, 4th Baron Dudley (d. 1586)
  • probable
    • Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Flemish painter (d. 1569)[4]
    • Baldassare Donato, Italian composer and singer (d. 1603)
    • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Italian composer (d. 1594)
    • Hans Staden, German soldier and sailor (d. 1579)


Jakob Fugger


  1. ^ Jean Giono (1965). The Battle of Pavia, 24th February, 1525. P. Owen. p. 134.
  2. ^ Christopher Ocker (August 30, 2018). Luther, Conflict, and Christendom: Reformation Europe and Christianity in the West. Cambridge University Press. p. 437. ISBN 978-1-107-19768-8.
  3. ^ A Description of Works Relating to America. 1872. p. 173.
  4. ^ Gertraude Winkelmann-Rhein (1969). The Paintings and Drawings of Jan 'Flower' Bruegel. H. N. Abrams. p. 25.
  5. ^ John Powell; Christina J. Moose; Rowena Wildin (2001). Magill's Guide to Military History: Jap-Pel. Salem Press. p. 873. ISBN 978-0-89356-017-1.
  6. ^ Morris Rosenblum (1969). Heroes of Mexico. Fleet Press Corporation. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-8303-0082-2.
  7. ^ The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and General Literature. R. S. Peale & Company. 1890. p. 741.

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