|1511 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2264|
|Balinese saka calendar||1432–1433|
|English Regnal year||2 Hen. 8 – 3 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||庚午年 (Metal Horse)|
4207 or 4147
— to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
4208 or 4148
|- Vikram Samvat||1567–1568|
|- Shaka Samvat||1432–1433|
|- Kali Yuga||4611–4612|
|Japanese calendar||Eishō 8|
|Minguo calendar||401 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2053–2054|
1637 or 1256 or 484
— to —
1638 or 1257 or 485
- March 26 - The 1511 Idrija earthquake occurs, with a maximum Mercalli intensity of X (Extreme). The epicenter is around the town of Idrija in present-day Slovenia, although some place it some 15-20 kilometers to the west, between Gemona and Pulfero in Friulian Slovenia. The earthquake affects a large territory between Carinthia, Friuli, present-day Slovenia and Croatia.
- April 9
- July – Henry VIII of England's flagship, the Mary Rose, is launched at Portsmouth.
- August 15 – Capture of Malacca: Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca, giving Portugal control over the Strait of Malacca, through which all sea-going trade between China and India is concentrated. The Sultanate then establishes rule from Johor, starting decades of skirmishes against the Portuguese to regain the fallen city. While taking the city, the Portuguese slaughter a large community of Chinese merchants living there. Malacca is the first city in Southeast Asia to be taken by a Western nation, gaining home rule only in 1957, when it becomes part of Malaysia.
- October 12 – James IV of Scotland's great ship, the Michael, is launched at Newhaven, Edinburgh; she is the largest ship afloat at this date.
- November – The Treaty of Westminster creates an alliance between Henry VIII of England and Ferdinand II of Aragon against France.
- November 20 – The vessel Frol de la Mar, transporting Afonso de Albuquerque and the valuable treasure of the conquest of Malacca, sinks en route to Goa.
- Diego Velázquez and Hernán Cortés conquer Cuba; Velázquez is appointed Governor.
- Duarte Barbosa arrives in India for the second time. He works as clerk in the factory of Cananor, and as the liaison with the Indian rajah.
- After the fall of Malacca, Afonso de Albuquerque sends Duarte Fernandes on a diplomatic mission to Burma and Siam, becoming the first European to visit these countries diplomatically.
- Ferdinand II of Aragon observes that "one black can do the work of four Indians".
- Juan de Agramonte, a sailor from Spain, is thought possibly to have travelled to Newfoundland.
- Taíno, an indigenous uprising, occurs in southwestern Puerto Rico near Guánica.
- The first black slaves arrive in Colombia.
- The Spanish conquest of Yucatán begins.
- Erasmus publishes his most famous work, The Praise of Folly (Laus stultitiae).
- January 1 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall, eldest son of Henry VIII of England
- April 2 – Ashikaga Yoshiharu, Japanese shōgun (d. 1550)
- April 5 – John III, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken, German noble (d. 1574)
- June 4 – Honorat II of Savoy, French Navy admiral (d. 1580)
- June 6 – Jakob Schegk, German physician (d. 1587)
- June 18 – Bartolomeo Ammannati, Florentine architect and sculptor (d. 1592)
- July 9 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg, consort of Christian III from 1525, and Queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1571)
- July 30 – Giorgio Vasari, Italian painter and architect (d. 1574)
- August 24 – Jean Bauhin, French physician (d. 1582)
- September 28 – Matsudaira Kiyoyasu, Japanese daimyo (d. 1535)
- September 29 – Michael Servetus, Spanish theologian (d. 1553)
- October 22 – Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1553)
- November 8 – Paul Eber, German Lutheran theologian (d. 1569)
- November 15 – Johannes Secundus, Dutch poet (d. 1536)
- December 5 – Maldev Rathore, ruler of Marwar (d. 1562)
- date unknown
- Amato Lusitano, Portuguese Jewish physician (d. 1568)
- Birgitte Gøye, Danish county administrator, lady in waiting, landholder and educator (d. 1574)
- Kimotsuki Kanetsugu, Japanese samurai and warlord (d. 1566)
- Luís de Velasco, Spanish viceroy of New Spain (d. 1564)
- Nicola Vicentino, Italian music theorist and composer (d. 1576)
- Nicholas Bobadilla, one of the first Spanish Jesuits (d. 1590)
- Pierre Viret, Swiss reformed theologian (d. 1571)
- Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta, Spanish cardinal (d. 1575)
- January 9 – Demetrios Chalkokondyles, Greek classical scholar (b. 1424)
- January 20 – Oliviero Carafa, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1430)
- February 22 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall, eldest son of Henry VIII of England
- April 1 – Francis of Denmark, Danish prince (b. 1497)
- April 2 – Bernard VII, Lord of Lippe, German nobleman (b. 1428)
- June 3 – Ahmad ibn Abi Jum'ah, North African Islamic scholar, author of the Oran fatwa
- June 13 – Hedwig, Abbess of Quedlinburg, Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg (b. 1445)
- July 2 – Şahkulu, leader of the Şahkulu Rebellion
- July 6 – Adolf III of Nassau-Wiesbaden-Idstein, Germany noble (b. 1443)
- July 12 – Albert I, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels, Count of Kladsko (b. 1468)
- August 2 – Andrew Barton, Scottish naval leader (b. c. 1466)
- September 6
- Ashikaga Yoshizumi, Japanese shogun (b. 1481)
- William IV, Duke of Jülich-Berg, Count of Ravensberg (b. 1455)
- October 18 – Philippe de Commines, French-speaking Fleming in the courts of Burgundy and France (b. 1447)
- November 23
- date unknown
- probable – Antoine de Févin, French composer (b. c. 1470)
- Louis Thomas Stanley (1987). Cambridge, City of Dreams. Planet Books. p. 75. ISBN 978-1-85227-030-8.
- van Gent, Robert Harry. "Islamic-Western Calendar Converter". Utrecht University. Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Mentioned by Zhang Xie writing a century later.
- Oliver, Neil. A History of Scotland. p. 191. ISBN 978-0-7538-2663-8.
- John Cruickshank (1968). French Literature and Its Background: The sixteenth century. Oxford U.P. p. 207. ISBN 978-0-19-285043-0.
- Derrik Mercer (February 1993). Chronicle of the Royal Family. Chronicle Communications. p. 140. ISBN 978-1-872031-20-0.
- Chris Murray (2003). Key Writers on Art: From antiquity to the nineteenth century. Psychology Press. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-415-24301-8.
- David Williamson (1986). Debrett's Kings and Queens of Britain. Salem House. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-88162-213-3.
Media files used on this page
(detail) This portrait is one of four philosophers of the Medici Platonic Academy. It has been associated with Demetrios Chalkokondyles, and was engraved and published as such around 1900. However, it closely resembles other portraits, including one in Benozzo Gozzoli's Procession of the Magi, that are identified as Gentile Becchi. If this is NOT Becchi, where is Becchi in the painting? He was a constant at the Medici court and was politically of greater significance than Chalkondyles. Those who believe it to represent Becchi include E. H. and E. W. Blashfield in their annotations to Vasari's Lives of Seventy of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors and Architects, VOL. II (1896) Charles Scribener and Son.  and Hugh Ross-Williamson, Lorenzo the Magnificent, Michael Joseph, (p. 179) ISBN 0718112040
Prince Francis of Denmark, Norway and Sweden (with nephew John behind him) by Claus Berg about 1530
Place: Church of St. Canute’s, Odense, Denmark
Author/Creator: Gaspar Correia, Licence: CC0
A view over Malacca shortly after its conquest by the Portuguese, as drawn by Gaspar Correia in his 'Lendas da Índia', written in the 16th century. CONTEXT: At the time of the 1551 attack led by Japara and Johor-the last one on Melaka before 1568-the fortifications around the Portuguese settlement were very simple: except for the old Famosa fortress, they were entirely made of wooden palisades with taipa walls (that is of earth and pebbles beaten together with pestles). This intermediate stage of fortification was, in fact, achieved only after the Acehnese surprise attack of 1537 had nearly succeeded in storming the Portuguese settlement. In 1564, fearing that this unsophisticated fortification would not be sufficient to protect Melaka from the mounting pressure and growing forces of Aceh and other Muslim city States of the Archipelago, the Viceroy of India gave instructions to D. Diogo de Menezes, the new Captain of Melaka, for full-fledged defence-works to be built around the fortress, the Melaka Hill and the surrounding plain to its north and northeast. See