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|1509 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||2262|
|Balinese saka calendar||1430–1431|
|English Regnal year||24 Hen. 7 – 1 Hen. 8|
|Chinese calendar||戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)|
4205 or 4145
— to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
4206 or 4146
|- Vikram Samvat||1565–1566|
|- Shaka Samvat||1430–1431|
|- Kali Yuga||4609–4610|
|Japanese calendar||Eishō 6|
|Minguo calendar||403 before ROC|
|Thai solar calendar||2051–2052|
1635 or 1254 or 482
— to —
1636 or 1255 or 483
- February 3 – Battle of Diu: The Portuguese defeat a coalition of Indians, Muslims and Italians.
- April 21 – Henry VIII becomes King of England (for 38 years) on the death of his father, Henry VII.
- April 27 – Pope Julius II places Venice under interdict and excommunication, for refusing to cede part of Romagna to papal control.
- May 14 – Battle of Agnadello: French forces defeat the Venetians.
- June 11
- June 19 – Brasenose College, Oxford, is founded by a lawyer, Sir Richard Sutton, of Prestbury, Cheshire, and the Bishop of Lincoln, William Smyth.
- June 24 – King Henry VIII of England and Queen Consort Catherine of Aragon are crowned.
- July 26 – Krishnadevaraya ascends the throne of the Vijayanagara Empire.
- September 10 – The Constantinople earthquake destroys 109 mosques and kills an estimated 10,000 people.
- September 11 – Portuguese fidalgo Diogo Lopes de Sequeira becomes the first European to reach Malacca, having crossed the Gulf of Bengal.
- November 4 – Afonso de Albuquerque becomes the governor of the Portuguese settlements in India.
- Erasmus writes his most famous work, In Praise of Folly.
- St Paul's School, London is founded by John Colet, Dean of St Paul's Cathedral.
- Royal Grammar School, Guildford, England, is founded under the will of Robert Beckingham.
- Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Blackburn, England, is founded as a grammar school for boys.
- Basil Solomon becomes Syriac Orthodox Maphrian of the East.
- January 1 – Guillaume Le Testu, French privateer (d. 1573)
- January 2 – Henry of Stolberg, German nobleman (d. 1572)
- January 3 – Gian Girolamo Albani, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1591)
- January 25 – Giovanni Morone, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1580)
- February 2 – John of Leiden, Dutch Anabaptist leader (d. 1536)
- February 10 – Vidus Vidius, Italian surgeon and anatomist (d. 1569)
- March 27 – Wolrad II, Count of Waldeck (1539–1575) (d. 1575)
- April 23 – Afonso of Portugal, Roman Catholic cardinal (d. 1540)
- July 4 – Magnus III of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Lutheran bishop of the Prince-Bishopric of Schwerin (d. 1550)
- July 10 – John Calvin, French religious reformer (d. 1564)
- July 25 – Philip II, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken, German noble (d. 1554)
- August 3 – Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer (d. 1546)
- August 7 – Joachim I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, German prince (d. 1561)
- August 25 – Ippolito II d'Este, Italian cardinal and statesman (d. 1572)
- October 20 – Arthur Stewart, Duke of Rothesay, Scottish prince (d. 1510)
- November 4 – John, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels and Count of Glatz (d. 1565)
- date unknown
- John Erskine of Dun, Scottish religious reformer (d. 1591)
- Stanisław Odrowąż, Polish noble (d. 1545)
- Anneke Esaiasdochter, Dutch Anabaptist (d. 1539)
- Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada, Spanish conquistador (d. 1579)
- Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher and natural scientist (d. 1588)
- Kamran Mirza, Mughal prince (d. 1557)
- January – Adam Kraft, sculptor and architect
- January 27 – John I, Count Palatine of Simmern (1480–1509) (b. 1459)
- March 14 – Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio, Italian cardinal
- April 21 – King Henry VII of England (b. 1457)
- April 27 – Margaret of Brandenburg, abbess of the Poor Clares monastery at Hof (b. 1453)
- May 28 – Caterina Sforza, countess and regent of Forli (b. 1463)
- June 29 – Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby, mother of Henry VII of England (b. 1443)
- July 11 – William II, Landgrave of Hesse (b. 1469)
- July 16
- Joao da Nova, Portuguese explorer (b. 1460)
- Mikalojus Radvila the Old, Lithuanian nobleman (b. c. 1450)
- July 28 – Ignatius Noah of Lebanon, Syriac Orthodox patriarch of Antioch (b. 1451).
- December 1 – Lê Uy Mục, 8th king of the later Lê Dynasty of Vietnam (b. 1488)
- date unknown
- Hans Seyffer, German sculptor and woodcarver (b. c. 1460)
- Shen Zhou, Chinese painter (b. 1427)
- Eleanor de Poitiers, Burgundian courter and writer
- Viranarasimha Raya, ruler of the Vijayanagar Empire
- Boletim Do Instituto Menezes Bragança. O Instituto. 1988. p. 62.
- Cheney, C. R.; Cheney, Christopher Robert; Jones, Michael (2000). A Handbook of Dates: For Students of British History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 37–38. ISBN 9780521778459.
- "On April 27, 1509, Pope Julius II excommunicated the..." tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved June 19, 2018.
- David Starkey (1991). Henry VIII: A European Court in England. Cross River Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-1-55859-241-4.
- Wilmshurst, David (2019). "West Syrian patriarchs and maphrians". In Daniel King (ed.). The Syriac World. Routledge. p. 811.
- Hubert Jedin; John Patrick Dolan (1993). The medieval and Reformation church. Crossroad. p. 588. ISBN 978-0-8245-1254-5.
- R. L. Storey (1968). The Reign of Henry VII. Walker. p. 204.
- Carol M. Meale (December 12, 1996). Women and Literature in Britain, 1150-1500. Cambridge University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-521-57620-8.
- Barsoum, Aphrem (2003). The Scattered Pearls: A History of Syriac Literature and Sciences. Translated by Matti Moosa (2nd ed.). Gorgias Press. pp. 508–509. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
Media files used on this page
Joao da Nova, 1460 - 1509, portuguese explorer, NOTE: There is a similar - but not the same - image on the bookcover "João da Nova, un mariño galego ao servicio da Coroa de Portugal" by Santiago Prol, 2002, Deputación Provincial de Ourense
Caravela de armada of João Serrão. 1502
Text from NPG catalogue: "This impressive portrait is the earliest painting in the National Portrait Gallery's collection. The inscription records that the portrait was painted on 29 October 1505 by order of Herman Rinck, an agent for the Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian I. The portrait was probably painted as part of an unsuccessful marriage proposal, as Henry hoped to marry Maximillian's daughter Margaret of Savoy as his second wife".