Millennium:2nd millennium
  • 1488
  • 1489
  • 1490
  • 1491
  • 1492
  • 1493
  • 1494
1491 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1491
Ab urbe condita2244
Armenian calendar940
Assyrian calendar6241
Balinese saka calendar1412–1413
Bengali calendar898
Berber calendar2441
English Regnal yearHen. 7 – 7 Hen. 7
Buddhist calendar2035
Burmese calendar853
Byzantine calendar6999–7000
Chinese calendar庚戌(Metal Dog)
4187 or 4127
    — to —
辛亥年 (Metal Pig)
4188 or 4128
Coptic calendar1207–1208
Discordian calendar2657
Ethiopian calendar1483–1484
Hebrew calendar5251–5252
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1547–1548
 - Shaka Samvat1412–1413
 - Kali Yuga4591–4592
Holocene calendar11491
Igbo calendar491–492
Iranian calendar869–870
Islamic calendar896–897
Japanese calendarEntoku 3
Javanese calendar1408–1409
Julian calendar1491
Korean calendar3824
Minguo calendar421 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar23
Thai solar calendar2033–2034
Tibetan calendar阳金狗年
(male Iron-Dog)
1617 or 1236 or 464
    — to —
(female Iron-Pig)
1618 or 1237 or 465

Year 1491 (MCDXCI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.



Date unknown

  • In the Ayutthaya Kingdom the reign of Ramathibodi II begins.
  • The population of China reaches 56.238 million.[4]
  • The Bread and Cheese Revolt breaks out in West Frisia, North Holland, caused by a famine among the peasants due to bad weather conditions.
  • A major fire breaks out in Dresden.
  • In the Russian territory of Komi (now the Komi Republic), annexed by Russia in 1478, copper and silver ores are discovered, and the territory gains importance as a mining and metallurgical center.
  • Nicolaus Copernicus enters the University of Kraków.



  • January 19Dorothea of Brandenburg, Duchess of Mecklenburg (b. 1420)
  • February 15Ashikaga Yoshimi, brother of Shōgun Ashikaga Yoshimasa (b. 1439)
  • February 19Enno I, Count of East Frisia (1466–1491) (b. 1460)
  • March 6Richard Woodville, 3rd Earl Rivers
  • March 31Bonaventura Tornielli, Italian Roman Catholic priest (b. 1411)
  • May 14Filippo Strozzi the Elder, Italian banker (b. 1428)
  • July 13Afonso, Prince of Portugal (b. 1475)
  • July 16William Herbert, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, English earl (b. 1451)
  • October 5Jean Balue, French cardinal and statesman (b. c. 1421)
  • October 12Fritz Herlen, German artist (b. 1449)
  • November 16Holy Child of La Guardia, Spanish folk saint (b. n/a)
  • December 28Bertoldo di Giovanni, Italian sculptor (b. c. 1435)
  • date unknownAnne of Orléans, Abbess of Fontevraud (b. 1464)
  • probable
    • February 9 (according to the Libro dei Morti) – Antonia di Paolo di Dono, Italian artist and daughter of Paolo di Dono


  1. ^ Aubrion, Jean; Aubrion, Pierre (1857). Journal de Jehan Aubrion, bourgeois de Metz. F. Blanc.
  2. ^ a b Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 135–138. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2.
  3. ^ Robert Jean Knecht (2004). The Valois: Kings of France, 1328-1589. Hambledon and London. p. 92. ISBN 978-1-85285-420-1.
  4. ^ Crispin Twitchett, Denis; W. Mote, Frederick; King Fairbank, John (1998). The Cambridge History of China. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521243339.
  5. ^ "Henry VIII | Biography, Wives, & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  6. ^ Alan Gordon (2010). The Hero and the Historians: Historiography and the Uses of Jacques Cartier. UBC Press. p. 2. ISBN 978-0-7748-1743-1.